Optimizing livelihood and environmental benefits from crop residues in smallholder crop-livestock systems in sub-Saharan A...
Introduction<br />Two countries of South Asia (India and Bangladesh) of Indo-Gangetic region<br />Three regions –two from ...
A Feelings of study  region <br />12/9/2010<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />3<br />
Agro-climatic and demographic structure <br />4<br />SLP_CR<br />Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />12/9/2010<br />
Socio-economic characteristics of sample village across sites<br />12/9/2010<br />5<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-1...
Crop grown and food habits <br />Major crops grown <br />Karnal – rice, wheat, Sugarcane and vegetable<br />Dinajpur – ric...
Cultivation practice <br />12/9/2010<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />7<br />
CR management<br />Karnal<br />Harvesting –Combined and Manual<br />CR burn in field<br />Stall feeding CR<br />Use for ro...
Use of CR at different stages across sites <br />12/9/2010<br />9<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />
Feeding strategy<br />Main Livestock <br />Karnal – Buffalo and crossbreed cow<br />Dinajpur – Local cattle (milking and d...
Sources of income <br />12/9/2010<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />12<br />
Conclusion <br /><ul><li>Rice-wheat farming system is widely practiced in Indo-Gangetic plains and is characterised by int...
Karnal is developed region followed by Dinajpur and Udaipur
Modern technology is higher used in Karnal followed by Dinajpur and Udaipur
Main fodder –wheat straw  and fodder crops in Karnal, dry grass in Udaipur and rice straw in Dinajpur
Farmers in karnal do not face much difficulties feeding livestock
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Optimizing livelihood and environmental benefits from crop residues in smallholder crop-livestock systems in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: Background on Study Regions in South Asia

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Presentation by Nils Teufel, Meera Bhatia and Braja Bandhu for the SLP Crop Residues Project Review and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9-10 December 2010.

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Optimizing livelihood and environmental benefits from crop residues in smallholder crop-livestock systems in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: Background on Study Regions in South Asia

  1. 1. Optimizing livelihood and environmental benefits from crop residues in smallholder crop-livestock systems in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia: Background on Study Regions in South Asia<br />Presentation by Nils Teufel, Meera Bhatia and Braja Bandhu for the <br />SLP Crop Residues Project Review and Planning Meeting<br /> Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9-10 Dec 2010<br />International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), New Delhi<br />International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), New Delhi<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Two countries of South Asia (India and Bangladesh) of Indo-Gangetic region<br />Three regions –two from India (Karnal and Udaipur) and one from Bangladesh (Dinajpur)<br />Average annual rainfall increases moving west to east from 600mm to 1,500mm.<br />Main crops grown are rice and wheat. Others include maize, sugarcane and cotton.<br />12/9/2010<br />2<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />
  3. 3. A Feelings of study region <br />12/9/2010<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Agro-climatic and demographic structure <br />4<br />SLP_CR<br />Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />12/9/2010<br />
  5. 5. Socio-economic characteristics of sample village across sites<br />12/9/2010<br />5<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />
  6. 6. Crop grown and food habits <br />Major crops grown <br />Karnal – rice, wheat, Sugarcane and vegetable<br />Dinajpur – rice, wheat and maize<br />Udaipur – maize and wheat<br />Staple food<br />Karnal – wheat and rice<br />Dinajpur – rice<br />Udaipur – maize<br />Water source<br />Karnal and Dinajpur – Ground water and surface <br />Udaipur – ground water<br />12/9/2010<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Cultivation practice <br />12/9/2010<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />7<br />
  8. 8. CR management<br />Karnal<br />Harvesting –Combined and Manual<br />CR burn in field<br />Stall feeding CR<br />Use for roof construction <br />Dinajpur<br />Harvesting –manual <br />CR not burn in field<br />Stall feeding of CR<br />Use for roof construction <br /> Udaipur<br />Harvesting –manual<br />CR not burn in field<br />Stall feeding <br />Grazing own animal <br />12/9/2010<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Use of CR at different stages across sites <br />12/9/2010<br />9<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />
  10. 10. Feeding strategy<br />Main Livestock <br />Karnal – Buffalo and crossbreed cow<br />Dinajpur – Local cattle (milking and draft)<br />Udaipur – buffalo, local cattle (milking and draft) and goat<br />Main fodder<br />Karnal – wheat straw and fodder crops<br />Grass and dry grass <br />Dinajpur – rice straw and grass<br />12/9/2010<br />10<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Sources of income <br />12/9/2010<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Conclusion <br /><ul><li>Rice-wheat farming system is widely practiced in Indo-Gangetic plains and is characterised by integrated crop-livestock components
  14. 14. Karnal is developed region followed by Dinajpur and Udaipur
  15. 15. Modern technology is higher used in Karnal followed by Dinajpur and Udaipur
  16. 16. Main fodder –wheat straw and fodder crops in Karnal, dry grass in Udaipur and rice straw in Dinajpur
  17. 17. Farmers in karnal do not face much difficulties feeding livestock
  18. 18. Farmers in Udaipur face many problems and also in Dinajpur</li></li></ul><li>Thank<br />You<br />
  19. 19. Use of particular type of technology in sample villages across sites<br />12/9/2010<br />15<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />
  20. 20. Use of crop output in across sites<br />12/9/2010<br />16<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />
  21. 21. Average of livestock and percentage of households keeping across sites<br />12/9/2010<br />17<br />SLP_CR Workshop, ILRI, Addis, 9-10 Dec, 2010<br />

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