Optimizing benefits from Crop Residues in Smallholder mixed systems in Africa and South Asia: A comparison<br />Presentati...
A comparison…<br />Dinajpur (BD)<br />Amhara (ET)<br />Generalities<br />Cropping<br />Livestock<br />Crop residues<br />O...
1. Generalities: density vs. village area<br />8000<br />7000<br />6000<br />Village area (ha)<br />5000<br />Mat North (Z...
1. Generalities: services & assets<br />With mobile phone<br />80<br />Access formal electricity<br />Aggregated %<br />60...
1. Generalities: food, poverty & literacy<br />100<br />Milk consumption<br />80<br />More 1 meal/day<br />Aggregated %<br...
2. Cropping: fertiliser vs. manure application<br />Dinajpur (BD)<br />Rajasthan (IN)<br />100<br />Oromia (ET)<br />Harya...
2. Cropping: intensification<br />100<br />Thresher/Combine/Cutter use <br />80<br />Pesticide<br />Aggregated %<br />60<b...
2. Cropping: uses of crop 1<br />100<br />80<br />Amhara (ET): teff<br />60<br />% later sale<br />Dinajpur (BD): rice<br ...
3. Livestock: households with animals<br />180<br />120<br />% hh<br />Donkey<br />Camel<br />Goat<br />60<br />Sheep<br /...
3. Livestock: households with animals<br />6.00<br />5.00<br />4.00<br />Dinajpur (BD)<br />Haryana (IN)<br />Rajasthan (I...
3. Livestock: feed shortage<br />(total months)<br />Amhara<br />9<br />Western <br />6<br />Dinajpur<br />Kenya<br />3<br...
3. Livestock: use of dung<br />100%<br />80%<br />Aggregated %<br />60%<br />Not used<br />Other<br />40%<br />Sold<br />M...
4. CR: relative uses<br />100%<br />Trends<br />80%<br />Aggregated<br />60%<br />40%<br />Others<br />Fuel<br />Sold <br ...
4. CR: exploration & clustering<br />Left soil<br />80<br />No Crops<br />60<br />Burnt<br />Grazed<br />40<br />20<br />C...
4. CR: exploration & clustering<br />1<br />0.8<br />Proportion<br />0.6<br />0.4<br />Others<br />Wheat<br />0.2<br />Tef...
4. CR: exploration - maize<br />No Crops<br />Clusters<br />
4. CR: exploration - wheat<br />No Crops<br />Clusters<br />
But also: income + wealth groups<br />100%<br />80%<br />Aggregated %<br />60%<br />40%<br />Source<br />Remittances<br />...
Cool… So?<br /><ul><li>Although compared sites can very diverse, similarities exits.
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Optimizing benefits from crop residues in smallholder mixed systems in Africa and South Asia: A comparison

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Presentation by Diego Valbuena for the SLP Crop Residues Project Review and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9-10 December 2010

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Optimizing benefits from crop residues in smallholder mixed systems in Africa and South Asia: A comparison

  1. 1. Optimizing benefits from Crop Residues in Smallholder mixed systems in Africa and South Asia: A comparison<br />Presentation by Diego Valbuena (ILRI) for the <br />SLP Crop Residues Project Review and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 9-10 Dec 2010<br />
  2. 2. A comparison…<br />Dinajpur (BD)<br />Amhara (ET)<br />Generalities<br />Cropping<br />Livestock<br />Crop residues<br />Oromia (ET)<br />Haryana (IN)<br />Mat North (ZW)<br />Western<br />Kenya<br />Rajasthan (IN)<br />
  3. 3. 1. Generalities: density vs. village area<br />8000<br />7000<br />6000<br />Village area (ha)<br />5000<br />Mat North (ZW)<br />4000<br />3000<br />2000<br />1000<br />Haryana (IN)<br />Western<br />Kenya<br />Rajasthan (IN)<br />Amhara (ET)<br />0<br />Oromia (ET)<br />Dinajpur (BD)<br />0<br />5<br />10<br />15<br />20<br />Density (persons/ha)<br />
  4. 4. 1. Generalities: services & assets<br />With mobile phone<br />80<br />Access formal electricity<br />Aggregated %<br />60<br />Access water (pipe)<br />40<br />With livestock <br />20<br />With land<br />0<br />Amhara<br />Dinajpur<br />Haryana<br />Mat <br />Oromia<br />Rajasthan<br />Western <br />North<br />Kenya<br />
  5. 5. 1. Generalities: food, poverty & literacy<br />100<br />Milk consumption<br />80<br />More 1 meal/day<br />Aggregated %<br />60<br />Not receiving aid<br />40<br />Above poverty line<br />20<br />Literacy <br />0<br />Amhara<br />Dinajpur<br />Haryana<br />Mat North<br />Oromia<br />Rajasthan<br />Western <br />Kenya<br />
  6. 6. 2. Cropping: fertiliser vs. manure application<br />Dinajpur (BD)<br />Rajasthan (IN)<br />100<br />Oromia (ET)<br />Haryana (IN)<br />80<br />Mat North (ZW)<br />60<br />Western<br />Kenya<br />% hh using manure<br />40<br />Amhara (ET)<br />20<br />0<br />0<br />20<br />40<br />60<br />80<br />100<br />% hh using fertiliser<br />
  7. 7. 2. Cropping: intensification<br />100<br />Thresher/Combine/Cutter use <br />80<br />Pesticide<br />Aggregated %<br />60<br />Herbicide application<br />40<br />Chemical fertiliser use<br />20<br />Tractor use <br />0<br />Dinajpur<br />Amhara<br />Oromia<br />Haryana<br />Rajastan<br />Western <br />Mat North<br />Kenya<br />
  8. 8. 2. Cropping: uses of crop 1<br />100<br />80<br />Amhara (ET): teff<br />60<br />% later sale<br />Dinajpur (BD): rice<br />40<br />Oromia (ET): most teff<br />20<br />Western<br />Kenya: maize<br />Mat North (ZW): maize<br />Haryana (IN): rice<br />0<br />Rajasthan (IN): maize<br />0<br />20<br />40<br />60<br />80<br />100<br />% human consumption<br />
  9. 9. 3. Livestock: households with animals<br />180<br />120<br />% hh<br />Donkey<br />Camel<br />Goat<br />60<br />Sheep<br />Buffalo<br />Crossbred cattle<br />Indigenous cattle<br />0<br />Amhara<br />Dinajpur<br />Haryana<br />Mat <br />Oromia<br />Rajasthan<br />Western <br />North<br />Kenya<br />
  10. 10. 3. Livestock: households with animals<br />6.00<br />5.00<br />4.00<br />Dinajpur (BD)<br />Haryana (IN)<br />Rajasthan (IN)<br />3.00<br />TLU/ha<br />2.00<br />Amhara (ET)<br />Western Kenya<br />Oromia (ET)<br />1.00<br />Mat North (ZW)<br />.00<br />0<br />400<br />800<br />1,200<br />1,600<br />2,000<br />TLU<br />
  11. 11. 3. Livestock: feed shortage<br />(total months)<br />Amhara<br />9<br />Western <br />6<br />Dinajpur<br />Kenya<br />3<br />0<br />Rajasthan<br />Haryana<br />Feed type<br />Dry fodder<br />Green fodder<br />Mat <br />Grazing<br />Oromia<br />North<br />
  12. 12. 3. Livestock: use of dung<br />100%<br />80%<br />Aggregated %<br />60%<br />Not used<br />Other<br />40%<br />Sold<br />Manure<br />Fuel <br />20%<br />0%<br />Amhara<br />Dinajpur<br />Haryana<br />Mat <br />Oromia<br />Rajasthan<br />Western <br />North<br />Kenya<br />
  13. 13. 4. CR: relative uses<br />100%<br />Trends<br />80%<br />Aggregated<br />60%<br />40%<br />Others<br />Fuel<br />Sold <br />Stall feed<br />20%<br />Grazed by other animals<br />Grazed own animals<br />Mulch<br />0%<br />Dinajpur<br />Amhara<br />Oromia<br />Haryana<br />Rajasthan<br />Western <br />Mat <br />Kenya<br />North<br />
  14. 14. 4. CR: exploration & clustering<br />Left soil<br />80<br />No Crops<br />60<br />Burnt<br />Grazed<br />40<br />20<br />Collected by others<br />Dealt<br />0<br />Clusters<br />Grazed<br />Stall feeding<br />Construction<br />Mulch & co<br />Stall feed<br />Fuel<br />Mixed<br />
  15. 15. 4. CR: exploration & clustering<br />1<br />0.8<br />Proportion<br />0.6<br />0.4<br />Others<br />Wheat<br />0.2<br />Teff<br />Sorghum<br />Rice<br />Maize<br />0<br />Grazed<br />Mulch & co<br />Stall feed<br />Mixed<br />Clusters<br />
  16. 16. 4. CR: exploration - maize<br />No Crops<br />Clusters<br />
  17. 17. 4. CR: exploration - wheat<br />No Crops<br />Clusters<br />
  18. 18. But also: income + wealth groups<br />100%<br />80%<br />Aggregated %<br />60%<br />40%<br />Source<br />Remittances<br />Business<br />Reg employment<br />20%<br />Non agri labour<br />Agri labour<br />Other farm<br />Livestock<br />Crops<br />0%<br />W<br />M<br />P<br />W<br />M<br />P<br />W<br />M<br />P<br />W<br />M<br />P<br />W<br />M<br />P<br />W<br />M<br />P<br />W<br />M<br />P<br />Dinahpur<br />Amhara<br />Oromia<br />Haryana<br />Rajasthan<br />Western <br />Mat North<br />Kenya<br />
  19. 19. Cool… So?<br /><ul><li>Although compared sites can very diverse, similarities exits.
  20. 20. Diversity is across regions, countries, sites and villages.
  21. 21. This diversity influences CR management in mixed systems.
  22. 22. Differences in CR management includes both time and space.
  23. 23. Yet, there is an overall increase of the use of CR as feed.
  24. 24. When CR is left in the soil, there is either an excess of biomass or lack of labour, combine with low palatability. </li>

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