Nutritive values of the most commonly used feeds in Ethiopia

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Poster by Alan Duncan for the CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Programme, 1 July 2011

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Nutritive values of the most commonly used feeds in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Nutritive values of the most commonlyused feeds in Ethiopia Concentrate feeds and agro-industrial by-products DM (%) % of DM IVDMD (%) Mcal/ kg DM % of DM Feed name OM CP NDF ADF ADL ME NE m NE g NE l Ca P Barley grain* 89.58 97.40 9.39 40.36 13.96 2.55 73.34 2.78 1.85 1.22 1.77 0.12 0.40 Brewer’s dried yeast* 90.10 92.42 57.69 0.88 1.12 0.20 65.00 2.35 1.48 0.89 1.46 0.13 1.56 Cottonseed cake 91.96 92.23 41.06 38.46 20.72 6.32 70.39 2.52 1.62 1.02 1.58 0.30 1.51 Groundnut cake 92.74 95.00 49.02 16.41 8.67 1.68 80.88 2.99 2.02 1.36 1.91 0.14 0.61 Linseed cake 91.52 93.29 29.62 31.23 19.24 7.30 70.29 2.56 1.66 1.05 1.61 0.51 0.84 Maize grain+ 91.50 98.26 9.48 32.71 4.59 0.81 77.05 2.94 1.98 1.33 1.88 0.06 0.31 Noug cake 92.27 89.86 31.36 37.61 31.55 12.38 61.32 2.14 1.29 0.71 1.32 0.76 1.14 Rapeseed cake 90.86 91.14 35.80 25.77 20.05 8.13 72.33 2.58 1.68 1.07 1.63 0.73 1.19 Sesame cake 91.50 88.53 23.64 34.41 29.86 5.23 79.29 2.56 1.66 1.05 1.61 1.31 0.77 Sunflower cake 91.59 93.96 25.87 35.54 30.96 9.69 58.86 2.18 1.32 0.74 1.34 0.63 1.02 Crop residues % of DM Mcal/ kg DM % of DM DM (%) IVDMD (%) Feed name OM CP NDF ADF ADL ME NE m NE g NE l Ca PBarley straw 91.86 92.46 3.36 73.90 48.28 6.16 53.50 2.00 1.14 0.58 1.21 0.40 0.13Bean straw 95.86 92.11 7.62 57.18 44.59 8.29 54.13 1.99 1.14 0.58 1.20 0.18 0.05Chickpea straw* 92.80 90.80 4.40 54.90 41.10 10.27 51.81 1.91 1.07 0.51 1.15 0.87 0.07Faba bean straw¶ 94.40 89.69 8.79 59.23 46.81 13.24 55.64 1.97 1.12 0.56 1.19 0.47 0.04Field pea straw¶ 94.70 92.51 5.64 72.98 57.32 16.37 49.42 1.85 1.01 0.46 1.11 0.53 0.06Finger millet stover 89.73 89.89 4.12 69.54 3.99 55.46 1.97 1.12 0.56 1.19 0.60 0.32Groundnut haulm (stem)* 91.33 86.16 10.03 43.85 58.25 63.96 2.15 1.29 0.71 1.32 1.43 0.08Lentil straw 91.69 92.04 7.95 62.35 44.08 9.28 54.99 2.03 1.18 0.62 1.24 0.73 0.21Linseed straw 92.51 93.25 5.16 64.63 52.64 13.95 48.83 1.82 0.98 0.43 1.09 1.09Maize stover+ 93.70 92.40 2.84 70.05 34.69 3.98 58.02 2.10 1.24 0.67 1.29 0.20 0.04Oat straw+ 91.81 91.35 3.22 72.67 51.07 6.07 62.86 2.27 1.39 0.81 1.40 0.23 0.28Teff straw (high quality)1 92.07 90.92 6.12 70.13 38.85 3.09 58.21 2.13 1.27 0.70 1.31 0.37 0.18Teff straw (medium quality) 91.72 92.23 4.18 76.44 44.68 5.44 53.17 1.94 1.09 0.53 1.17 0.25 0.09Teff straw (low quality)2 91.02 93.44 2.24 82.75 50.51 7.78 48.12 1.74 0.91 0.36 1.03 0.17 0.06Wheat straw 92.23 91.40 4.39 74.39 49.56 6.96 53.61 2.01 1.16 0.60 1.22 0.30 0.11 Forages—fresh and conserved % of DM Mcal/ kg DM % of DM DM (%) IVDMD (%) Feed name OM CP NDF ADF ADL ME NE m NE g NE l Ca PAlfalfa hay ¶ 90.58 87.23 23.79 25.55 20.87 3.55 79.40 2.65 1.74 1.12 1.68 1.09 0.39Cowpea hay* 90.90 84.45 21.67 37.65 34.48 6.37 73.31 2.37 1.49 0.90 1.48 1.33 0.18Lablab hay ¶ 91.65 91.13 17.88 47.30 38.83 8.32 66.01 2.35 1.47 0.88 1.46 1.57 0.47Napier grass (mature) 92.10 82.67 7.47 64.28 41.06 5.51 64.98 1.99 1.15 0.59 1.21 0.23 0.39Pigeon pea leaf (dry)* 94.44 16.30 54.64 40.52 14.39 53.46 1.91 1.06 0.51 1.15 0.30 0.30Rhodes grass hay 91.46 88.01 7.13 70.24 39.49 5.04 60.61 2.05 1.20 0.63 1.25 0.47 0.34 Hulls and screenings % of DM Mcal/ kg DM % of DM DM (%) IVDMD (%) Feed name OM CP NDF ADF ADL ME NE m NE g NE l Ca P Coffee hulls* 90.10 93.49 9.60 46.40 40.10 12.30 48.00 1.81 0.97 0.42 1.08 0.15 0.02 Cottonseed hulls* 88.48 96.88 4.56 84.06 66.00 77.00 2.90 1.95 1.30 1.85 0.14 0.12 Faba bean hulls 89.70 96.50 9.20 69.00 59.50 56.90 2.18 1.32 0.75 1.35 0.93 0.13 Field pea hulls 89.02 95.27 8.00 66.30 62.10 47.80 1.84 1.00 0.45 1.10 0.87 0.18 Lentil hulls 87.85 93.41 16.40 55.35 45.65 13.60 50.90 1.90 1.06 0.51 1.15 0.82 0.34 Other by-products % of DM Mcal/ kg DM % of DM DM (%) IVDMD (%) Feed name OM CP NDF ADF ADL ME NE m NE g NE l Ca PBanana peelings + 93.27 75.96 8.30 38.40 26.40 4.12 72.90 2.11 1.25 0.68 1.29 1.54 0.54Cabbage waste* 14.00 88.00 14.40 27.20 22.90 80.40 2.72 1.79 1.17 1.72 1.61 0.34Cassava tuber ¶ 88.84 98.04 1.81 26.60 3.64 66.71 2.57 1.66 1.04 1.62 0.14 0.02Coffee leaves* 93.60 90.44 12.50 50.82 46.08 21.01 57.03 2.04 1.19 0.62 1.24Enset leaves* 12.41 84.78 17.50 59.59 30.28 3.93 60.26 1.99 1.14 0.58 1.21 0.20 0.68Poultry litter 90.75 83.05 17.78 55.91 32.85 7.23 56.58 1.95 1.10 0.54 1.18 2.10 1.80Sugarcane toppings+ 94.74 86.32 10.13 66.40 39.82 5.44 50.61 1.73 0.89 0.35 1.03 0.44 0.20Sweet potato tubers* 49.01 96.51 3.88 59.90 6.73 1.35 82.17 3.06 2.08 1.42 1.96 0.22 0.09Sweet potato vines 90.34 86.83 15.88 43.09 33.78 13.93 90.43 2.93 1.98 1.33 1.87 1.23 0.22Tella atela* 52.75 98.00 21.40 56.75 25.10 11.00 65.10 2.51 1.62 1.01 1.58 0.63 0.251 High quality estimates were calculated by adding 1.5 times standard deviation to CP, IVDMD and energy values and by subtracting 1.5 times standard deviation from bre values For further information:2 Low quality estimates were calculated by subtracting 1.5 times standard deviation from CP, IVDMD and energy values and by adding 1.5 times standard deviation to bre values CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Programme (http://www.vslp.org/ssafeed)* Source-data taken from literature Dr. Alan Duncan, Livestock Scientist (a.duncan@cgiar.org)¶ Source-data taken from Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research lab analysis+ Source-data from East Africa Dairy Development (EADD)/ ILRI baseline survey, 2008−2009All others are taken from ILRI lab analysis System AR w slp I CG me ide Liv sto Licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. Produced by ILRI KMIS July 2011. ck Progra m e Texas A&M EIAR MoARD

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