A project of the  Challenge Program on Water and Food   Implemented by ILRI   Nile Basin Livestock-Water Productivity  (AP...
What can we and should we do to overcome the widespread view that livestock production is incompatible with sustainable wa...
Outline <ul><li>CPWF & the Livestock-water productivity (LWP) project.  </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock-water productivity fra...
CPWF Goal & Locations <ul><li>To produce feed for 50% more people.   </li></ul><ul><li>Without use of additional agricultu...
Nile Basin partners include : <ul><li>ASARECA – AARNET </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopian Rainwater Harvesting Association </li><...
Livestock in the Nile Basin  (Rusk Kruska & Lab 8:  Thank you!) Nile Basin <ul><li>Mixed rainfed humid/sub-humid </li></ul...
Livestock in the Nile Basin Nile Basin T5-PL01:  APM, 2004
What to we want to achieve? <ul><li>Understanding of livestock use of water & their impact on water resources in the Nile....
Assessing Livestock-water productivity <ul><li>LWP Definition:   </li></ul><ul><li>Ratio of beneficial outputs to water de...
Livestock-water productivity (LWP) assessment A V A I L A B L E  W A T E R Imported feed Livestock play multiple roles tha...
4 Key livestock-water productivity issues <ul><li>Water for feed </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking </li></ul><ul><li>Degradation ...
Opportunities for ILRI? T5-PL01:  APM, 2004 <ul><li>Win-win River Basin policy  for allocating water. </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Operationalizing LWP T5-PL01:  APM, 2004 <ul><li>The Challenge ahead is to operationalize the assessment of LWP. </li></ul...
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Nile Basin livestock-water productivity: A project of the Challenge Program on Water and Food, implemented by ILRI

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Presentation prepared by Don Peden for the Nile Basin livestock-water productivity Project in parallel with the APM 2004 session.

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Nile Basin livestock-water productivity: A project of the Challenge Program on Water and Food, implemented by ILRI

  1. 1. A project of the Challenge Program on Water and Food Implemented by ILRI Nile Basin Livestock-Water Productivity (APM 2004 – parallel session) T5-PL01: APM, 2004
  2. 2. What can we and should we do to overcome the widespread view that livestock production is incompatible with sustainable water use?
  3. 3. Outline <ul><li>CPWF & the Livestock-water productivity (LWP) project. </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock-water productivity framework. </li></ul><ul><li>Questions for discussion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can we improve and apply the concept? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the opportunities for collaboration with ILRI’s themes and OPs and the SSA-CP? </li></ul></ul>T5-PL01: APM, 2004
  4. 4. CPWF Goal & Locations <ul><li>To produce feed for 50% more people. </li></ul><ul><li>Without use of additional agricultural water. </li></ul><ul><li>Since agriculture already uses 80% of available water. </li></ul><ul><li>BENCHMARK RIVER BASINS : NILE , Yellow, Mekong, Limpopo, Volta, Karkheh, Euphrates, Sao Francisco, Indus-Gangetic, Ulua, Andean, Amu Darya </li></ul>T5-PL01: APM, 2004
  5. 5. Nile Basin partners include : <ul><li>ASARECA – AARNET </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopian Rainwater Harvesting Association </li></ul><ul><li>Uganda Rainwater Harvesting Association </li></ul><ul><li>Care </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan Ministry of Science and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>NARO Uganda – Makerere University </li></ul><ul><li>FAO – Livestock, Environment & Development Init. </li></ul><ul><li>International Water Management Institute </li></ul><ul><li>International Livestock Research Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Nile Basin Initiative (MOU pending) </li></ul>T5-PL01: APM, 2004
  6. 6. Livestock in the Nile Basin (Rusk Kruska & Lab 8: Thank you!) Nile Basin <ul><li>Mixed rainfed humid/sub-humid </li></ul>PLUS: Urban & peri-urban <ul><li>Livestock grazing semi-arid </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed rainfed temperate highland </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock grazing humid/sub-humid </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed irrigated semi-arid & arid </li></ul>T5-PL01: APM, 2004 Where are the production systems?
  7. 7. Livestock in the Nile Basin Nile Basin T5-PL01: APM, 2004
  8. 8. What to we want to achieve? <ul><li>Understanding of livestock use of water & their impact on water resources in the Nile. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved community management of water and livestock resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock and water policies to help improve productive use of water in the Nile Basin. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict resolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased R&D research capacity in the Nile. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesis : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved livestock management is essential for effectively increasing Nile water productivity </li></ul></ul>T5-PL01: APM, 2004
  9. 9. Assessing Livestock-water productivity <ul><li>LWP Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>Ratio of beneficial outputs to water depleted. </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical grounding: </li></ul><ul><li>Based on IWMI’s water accounting models. </li></ul><ul><li>Example theoretical ranges in LWP: </li></ul><ul><li>< 500 to 100,000 litre/kg of beef </li></ul><ul><li>Significant opportunities to increase LWP </li></ul>T5-PL01: APM, 2004
  10. 10. Livestock-water productivity (LWP) assessment A V A I L A B L E W A T E R Imported feed Livestock play multiple roles that affect water productivity LWP = ratio of beneficial outputs to depleted water (Transpiration, Evaporation & Discharge) T5-PL01: APM, 2004 Trees Pasture/range Food crops Feed Feed Sourcing DRINK Discharge/flood Ground Ground & soil water recharge Rain Surface In flow Evaporation Degradation Transpiration Animal production Plant production Grazing & watering
  11. 11. 4 Key livestock-water productivity issues <ul><li>Water for feed </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking </li></ul><ul><li>Degradation </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basin synthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area-wide integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated River Basin MGT </li></ul></ul>T5-PL01: APM, 2004
  12. 12. Opportunities for ILRI? T5-PL01: APM, 2004 <ul><li>Win-win River Basin policy for allocating water. </li></ul><ul><li>Community/HH opportunities for poverty reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed sourcing to maximize LWP through effective channeling of water through transpiration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livestock water and grazing practices to reduce non-beneficial discharge, evaporation and degradation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Linking the LWP project to the SLP and SSA-CP. </li></ul><ul><li>Build on Nile project in other CPWF basins. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of LWP concepts into other ILRI R&D. </li></ul><ul><li>Link LWP to nutrient management. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Operationalizing LWP T5-PL01: APM, 2004 <ul><li>The Challenge ahead is to operationalize the assessment of LWP. </li></ul><ul><li>Your comments, suggestions, and collaboration are very welcome now or after the session. </li></ul>Thank you!

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