Policies and Strategies to Enhance Dairy Development in Ethiopia


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Presentation by Ghidey Gebremedhin Debessu at the National dairy forum, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 23-24 November 2010.

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Policies and Strategies to Enhance Dairy Development in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Ghidey Gebremedhin Debessu Ethiopian Meat & Dairy Technology Institute (EMDTI) A paper to be presented to the National Dairy Forum November 23-24, 2010 Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa Ethiopia. November 24, 2010
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Chronology of Dairy Development in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>National Policies, Strategies and Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Frameworks Related to Livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions in Dairy Development </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of EMDTI </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Recommendations </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  3. 3. Chronology-Dairy Development <ul><li>Ethiopia received 300 Friesian and Brown Swiss dairy cattle in 1947 from the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) which marked the first attempt to introduce modern dairy production </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of various dairy-related plants and projects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shola processing plant in 1960 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chilalo Agricultural Development Unit (CADU) later named as Arsi Rural Development Unit (ARDU) in 1967 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dairy Development Agency (DDA) in 1971 </li></ul></ul>November 24, 2010
  4. 4. CHRONOLGY CONT… <ul><ul><li>Addis Ababa Dairy Development Project (AADDP) in 1971 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Following the 1974 revolution, the DDA was merged with other nationalized dairy farms to establish the Dairy Development Enterprise (DDE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wolita Agricultural Unit (WADU) in 1973 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum Package Programme(MPP) in 1972/73 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Artificial Insemination Center (NAIC) in 1981 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dairy Rehabilitation and Development Project (DRDP) in 1986 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sellale Peasant Dairy Development Pilot Project (SPDDPP) in 1987 </li></ul></ul>November 24, 2010
  5. 5. CHRONOLGY CONT…. <ul><ul><li>Small Holders’ Dairy Development Project (SDDP) which was a continuation of the SPDDPP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the Imperial period dairy development efforts were treated under programs with in the livestock sub sector considered in the five year plans or purpose and area specific dairy projects. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Privatization has been implemented since the early 1990s in which many enterprises including the DDE were privatized opening an opportunity for better development of the sector. </li></ul><ul><li>The involvement of NGOs is also increasing. </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  6. 6. Policies and Strategies <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution- </li></ul><ul><li>Provides citizens with the right to engage freely in economic activity and to pursue a livelihood of one’s choice anywhere within the national territory, </li></ul><ul><li>Provides the right to choose his/her means of livelihood, occupation and profession; </li></ul><ul><li>Charges the state to pursue policies and necessary measures that expand job opportunities for the unemployed and the poor, </li></ul><ul><li>Provide enabling environments for farmers to receive fair prices for their products and to obtain an equitable share of the national wealth, </li></ul><ul><li>Provides nationals the right to participate in national development and be consulted with respect to policies and projects affecting their communities, </li></ul><ul><li>Charges the state that all international agreements and relations shall protect and ensure the rights of the country to sustainable development; </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  7. 7. Policies and Strategies <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>2. Draft Livestock Development Policy- dairy develoment </li></ul><ul><li>enhancing management of indigenous dairying cows, </li></ul><ul><li>improving, multiplying, and distributing improved local breeds, </li></ul><ul><li>promoting establishment of dairy farms in potential stratified areas using appropriate pure and improved dairy breeds, </li></ul><ul><li>promoting dairy cooperatives and firms, </li></ul><ul><li>characterizing local breeds, developing ranches for production of pure dairy breed and distribution, </li></ul><ul><li>establishing a national centre for dairy Management Information System, </li></ul><ul><li>identifying and prioritizing milk shed areas, and </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing and regulating quality of milk and milk products. </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  8. 8. Policies and Strategies <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>2. Draft Livestock Development Policy- Forage Production </li></ul><ul><li>improving productivity and use of pasturelands through limiting carrying capacity, </li></ul><ul><li>improvement of livestock water supply facilities, making use of appropriate forage technologies (low land areas), </li></ul><ul><li>expanding and integrating use of improved forage species with soil and water conservation practices, </li></ul><ul><li>identifying, enhancing, and using agricultural residues and industrial by-products, and </li></ul><ul><li>Developing mechanisms for keeping emergency feed reserves in dry seasons. </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  9. 9. Policies and Strategies <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>2. Draft Livestock Development Policy- Animal Health Services </li></ul><ul><li>control and eradicate epizootic animal diseases through setting priorities for list &quot;A&quot; animal diseases, and </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a functioning information and communication system.   </li></ul><ul><li>strengthening of animal and animal products quarantine and inspection services, </li></ul><ul><li>adopting and complying with OIE policies and regulations through harmonizing with the current Ethiopian situation, </li></ul><ul><li>issuance of certificate of competence for processing and exporting institutions , </li></ul><ul><li>health and sanitary certificates for import and export of animals and animal products and </li></ul><ul><li>Regulating production, importation and distribution of drugs and equipments in the field with respect to standards, quality, etc. </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  10. 10. Policies and Strategies <ul><li>Strategies - ADLI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Economic Growth, equity and self reliance through the development priorities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion of economic and social infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouragement of private participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This strategy focuses on agricultural development aiming at transforming the country’s economy. It emphasizes commercialization of agriculture by increasing the proportion of marketable output. This has influenced the successive policies and strategies. </li></ul></ul>November 24, 2010
  11. 11. Policies and Strategies <ul><li>Strategies - Rural Development policy and strategies </li></ul><ul><li>The fundamental ideas of the strategy are: </li></ul><ul><li>Adequately strengthen human resources capacity and its effective utilization, </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring prudent allocation and use of existing land, </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation of development path compatible with different agro-ecological zones, </li></ul><ul><li>Specialization, diversification and commercialization of agricultural production, </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating development activities with other sectors, and </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of effective agricultural marketing system. </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  12. 12. Policies and Strategies <ul><li>Strategies - Rural Development policy and strategies </li></ul><ul><li>The instruments relevant to livestock are: </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce menu-based extension package to enhance productivity, </li></ul><ul><li>Expand training of agricultural development extension agents, </li></ul><ul><li>Expand training of farmers at Farmers Training Centres, </li></ul><ul><li>Improve capacity and functions of agricultural inputs and outputs markets, </li></ul><ul><li>Organize and strengthen cooperatives to provide better marketing service and serve as bridges between small farmers and the non-peasant private sector, </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate credit provision and coverage of micro finance institutions, </li></ul><ul><li>Develop private business and entrepreneurship, </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen rural-urban linkages, </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  13. 13. Policies and Strategies <ul><li>Other major strategies and development programs are: </li></ul><ul><li>- Ethiopian poverty reduction strategy </li></ul><ul><li>- National food security strategy </li></ul><ul><li>- Agricultural marketing strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock Development programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National livestock development program which emphasizes on breed development, increased animal feed, strengthen veterinary service and control and improve the market infrastructure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livestock development master plan study. </li></ul></ul>November 24, 2010
  14. 14. Legal Frameworks related to livestock <ul><li>Animal disease prevention and control (no 267/2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Draft regulation to control movement of animal &transportation of animal products and byproducts </li></ul><ul><li>Draft regulation to provide for the regulation &licensing of animal health professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative societies proclamation (no 147/1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Public health proclamation (no 200/2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Proclamation to establish quality & standard authority of Ethiopia (102/1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Investment proclamation (280/2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Investment regulation (84/2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of EMDTI (regulation no 143/2008) </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  15. 15. Institutions in Dairy development <ul><li>Ministry of agriculture Federal, regional, zonal, woreda </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopian Agricultural research institute </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of biodiversity conservation and research </li></ul><ul><li>Animal and plant health regulatory directorate </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopian meat and dairy technology institute </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural investment support directorate </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul>November 24, 2010
  16. 16. Establishment of EMDTI <ul><li>EMDTI is established by the regulation no 143/2008 in January 2008. The original assignment was to provide all round capacity building support to different actors working in the livestock sector to enhance commercialization. </li></ul><ul><li>After two years additional assignment is given to support the private sector to promote market and encourage investment. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusions and Recommendations <ul><li>Policies in dairy and livestock could not be studied in isolation. </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness of policies could be measured by the impact brought in the sector or sub sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Policies should be considered as integral part of the institutions to implement and monitor their implementation. </li></ul>
  18. 18. November 24, 2010