Improved food and nutritional security from better utilisation of dairy cattle breed/cross-breed types in Senegal

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Presented by Miika Tapio, Enyew Negussie and Karen Marshal, 10 December 2012

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Improved food and nutritional security from better utilisation of dairy cattle breed/cross-breed types in Senegal

  1. 1. FoodAfrica: WP2 Improved Food and Nutritional Security from Better Utilisation of Dairy Cattle Breed / Cross-breed Types in Senegal Miika Tapio, Enyew Negussie, Karen Marshal
  2. 2. 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 2 People Dr. Karen Marshall (animal breeder) Dr. Stanly Fon Tebug (animal scientist Veterinarian) Dr. Enyew Negussie Dr. Miika Tapio Dr. Jarmo Juga Dr. Isabelle Baltenweck (agricultural economist) Jane Poole (applied statistician) + PhD student and University supervisor(s) + 6 enumerators + farmers
  3. 3. Background: Why West Africa ● Recurrent food crisis in the Sahel region 2012: Starvation for 18 million people (Conflicts & poor harvests) ● MFA wishes to increase regional and thematic co-operation with Sub-Saharan Africa, specifically including West Africa. ● The project was just launching first site selection activities in Mali, when the 2012 coop occurred ● The activities were moved to Senegal, where the project was expected to make a big impact 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 3 (Statistics by UNICEF)
  4. 4. Background: Why milk ● Consumption of even small amounts of milk can significantly increase nutritional security & prevent malnutrition. – In Senegal, on a 'non-crisis year' over 300 000 of children <5years are underweight (85 000 severely so) ● Population growth, urbanisation, rising incomes increasing demand for dairy products – Annual population growth rate 2.4% – 2/3 of births in urban areas – 35% of the population below international poverty line 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 4 (Statistics by UNICEF)
  5. 5. Background: Why milk ● Improved domestic small and moderate scale dairy sector has potential – To improve the access to milk for poor people – To strenghten the (SMB) job generation around the milk value chain – Improve the national trade balance 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 5
  6. 6. The expanding Senegalese dairy system ● Periurban dairy – Traditional breeds ● Adapted low output, but low input Zebu Gobra, Djakore (Zebu Gobra x N’dama cross), + rare – Introduced European/Brazilian breeds ● Non-resilient high output, but high input Holstein-Friesan, Montbeliard,Jersey,Girolando,Guzerat, Gir, Brown Swiss, Norman, Abondance, Ayrshire, Guernsey,Milking shorthorn – Unstructured crossing 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 6
  7. 7. Research - Capacity building – Outcome - Impact The project aims to speed the dairy sector development by addressing three research questions: 1) What type of cow fits the Senegalese small and medium-scale dairy farms? – What is the importance of production quantity and quality compared to management requirements or resilience in these production environments? 2) How do the currently utilized breeds and breed composites perform relative to each other on the Senegalese farms? – Are some of the emerged development paths clearly worth concentrating on? 3) How to improve the availability of desired cattle types to small and medium-scale farmers? – Are there clear practical problems preventing sector development where the preferred path is identified? – Will focus on fewer cattle types improve farmer access to the desired cattle types? 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 7
  8. 8. Research - Capacity building – Outcome - Impact The research combines use of genomic tools, field surveys and monitoring Breed / Cross-breed Types in Senegal 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 8
  9. 9. Research - Capacity building – Outcome - Impact Capacity building is built within the research: 1) Phd-student in a Senegalese University – With supervision by ILRI and support by MTT and HU. – Visits to Finland 2) Farmer training during the monitoring phase, and after the results are available. – By local experts and 'masters', and project staff – General information on management and breeding, available extension services, cost-benefit analyses... 3) Institutional capacity strenghtening – Participatory workshops to analyse the institutional arrangements and novel ways to improve (along the idea of innovation platforms). – Policy briefs, publications, leaflets 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 9
  10. 10. Research - Capacity building – Outcome - Impact Capacity building is built within the research: Outcomes ● Increased use of the most appropriate dairy breed / cross-breed types – Promotion based on evidence ● Improved dairy germplasm production and delivery systems – Improved focus and new ways to work Impact ● Strengthened dairy value chain – Enhanced household and regional food and nutritional security – Improved livelihoods, – Business and employment opportunities 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 10
  11. 11. Schedule (Research) 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 11 2013: Blood sampling and DNA extraction: monitored animals and reference animals 2013/14: Genotyping, breed composition analysis and evaluation of breed impact
  12. 12. Thank you! 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 12
  13. 13. Research - Capacity building – Outcome - Impact Capacity building is built within the research: 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 13
  14. 14. Research - Capacity building – Outcome - Impact Capacity building is built within the research: 12/10/12© MTT Agrifood Research Finland 14

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