Draft indicators for the CGIAR Research Program on
Livestock and Fish intermediate development outcomes
Raymond Brandes

L...
Why IDO indicators?

<8 yrs
Research phase

12 yrs
Development
phase

20 yrs
Indicator hierarchy

20 yrs

System-Level Outcome (SLO)

12 yrs
Development
phase

<8 yrs
Research
phase

System-Level Out...
Criteria for developing IDO indicators
DOPA criteria for indicators
Direct: closely measure the intended change.
Objective...
Explanation of categories
Indicator

Name for subject of analysis

Type of indicator

Quantitative (quantifiable data; obj...
IDO1: Increased livestock and fish productivity in smallscale production systems for the target commodities.
Indicator

An...
IDO1: Increased livestock and fish productivity in smallscale production systems for the target commodities.
Indicator

An...
IDO1: Increased livestock and fish productivity in smallscale production systems for the target commodities.
Indicator

An...
IDO2: INCREASED QUANTITY AND IMPROVED QUALITY OF
THE TARGET COMMODITY SUPPLIED FROM THE TARGET
SMALL-SCALE PRODUCTION AND ...
IDO3: INCREASED EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME FOR LOWINCOME ACTORS IN THE TARGET VALUE CHAINS, WITH
AN INCREASED SHARE OF EMPLOYME...
IDO3: INCREASED EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME FOR LOWINCOME ACTORS IN THE TARGET VALUE CHAINS, WITH
AN INCREASED SHARE OF EMPLOYME...
IDO4: INCREASED CONSUMPTION OF TARGET
COMMODITY RESPONSIBLE FOR FILLING A LARGER
SHARE OF THE NUTRIENT GAP FOR THE POOR,
P...
IDO5: LOWER ENVIRONMENT IMPACTS PER UNIT OF
COMMODITY PRODUCED IN THE TARGET VALUE CHAINS.
Indicator

Green House Gas (GHG...
DEVELOPMENT ACTORS RECOGNIZE AND SUPPORT THE
DEVELOPMENT OF THE SMALL-SCALE PRODUCTION AND
MARKETING SYSTEMS, AND SEEK TO ...
CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish
livestockfish.cgiar.org

CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizati...
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Draft indicators for the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish intermediate development outcomes

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Presented by Raymond Brandes at the Livestock and Fish Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning planning meeting, Nairobi, 27-28 November 2013

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Draft indicators for the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish intermediate development outcomes

  1. 1. Draft indicators for the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish intermediate development outcomes Raymond Brandes Livestock and Fish Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning planning meeting, Nairobi, 27-28 November 2013
  2. 2. Why IDO indicators? <8 yrs Research phase 12 yrs Development phase 20 yrs
  3. 3. Indicator hierarchy 20 yrs System-Level Outcome (SLO) 12 yrs Development phase <8 yrs Research phase System-Level Outcome (SLO) Intermediate Development Outcome (IDO) IDO indicator Medium-term IDO indicator Medium-term IDO indicator IDO indicator Medium-term IDO indicator Medium-term IDO indicator
  4. 4. Criteria for developing IDO indicators DOPA criteria for indicators Direct: closely measure the intended change. Objective: unambiguous about what is being measured and which data to be collected and clear operational definition that is independent of the person conducting the measurement. Practical: reasonable in terms of data collection cost, frequency, and timeliness for decision-making purposes. Adequate: the minimum number of indicators necessary to ensure that progress towards the output is sufficiently captured. Additional requirement: Applicable to all value chains as much as possible: each value chain has to be able to show its contribution to the achievement of the IDO in a similar way to enable aggregation.
  5. 5. Explanation of categories Indicator Name for subject of analysis Type of indicator Quantitative (quantifiable data; objective) or qualitative (qualities or characteristics; subjective) Designation Reference number Definition Explanation of the indicator Rationale Reasoning or logic for having the indicator Unit A standard to express the magnitude of a measurement Disaggregated by Breakdown of data to enable more detailed analysis Calculation tool Way to convert data into a value that indicates the progress of the desired change Interpretation key Expression of desired direction of change Data requirements Kind of data needed and the means to get it through (source) Measurement notes More detailed description on the collection of data (level of collection, who collects data, how data should be collected and frequency of collection) Unit of analysis Entity (what or who) being studied/analyzed Comment Any other remarks
  6. 6. IDO1: Increased livestock and fish productivity in smallscale production systems for the target commodities. Indicator Annual Milk Yield Definition Litres of milk produced per animal per year Data requirements Data: Calving interval (days) to adjust for effective milk production per lactation, litres of milk produced per animal breed per year, and total number of lactating cows Data source: Farm and household surveys Indicator Annual Fish Yield Definition The gross weight of fish produced in kilograms per hectares per year Data requirements Data: Gross weight of harvested fish per year, size of farm land/ponds Data source: Farm production data Indicator Meat yield per animal Definition The live weight before slaughter of the animal Data requirements Data: animal weight before slaughter Data source: farm surveys
  7. 7. IDO1: Increased livestock and fish productivity in smallscale production systems for the target commodities. Indicator Annual Kidding Percentage Definition Kidding percentage per year Data requirements Data: Number of kids born per animal per year; total number of animals expected to have kids per year. Data source: Farm and household surveys Indicator Litter size Definition Number of piglets born alive at birth Data requirements Data: number of litters produced per sow Data source: farm and household survey Indicator Weaning percentage Definition Weaning percentage is a measure of survivability of newborn animals. It looks at mortality rate of kids before weaning. Data requirements Data: number of newborn animals that die before weaning, total number of newborn animals Data source: farm survey
  8. 8. IDO1: Increased livestock and fish productivity in smallscale production systems for the target commodities. Indicator Annual mortality rate Definition Percentage cattle/fish/sheep/goat/pig mortality rate per year Data requirements Data: Total number of animals on a location during the risk days, number of risk days and animals that die during the risk days. Data source: Household /farm surveys
  9. 9. IDO2: INCREASED QUANTITY AND IMPROVED QUALITY OF THE TARGET COMMODITY SUPPLIED FROM THE TARGET SMALL-SCALE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING SYSTEMS. Indicator Quantity of target commodity supplied Definition Per capita supply of the target commodity per day by target producers Data requirements Data: Total production of target commodity in a defined geographical boundary, populations in the geographical unit, number of days in the reference period. Data source: Secondary data, and farm/household surveys Indicator Quality of target commodity supplied Definition Proportion of the target commodity meets minimum quality standards set by national food laws/regulations. Data requirements Data: inspection reports Data source: secondary data from relevant ministries/department responsible for inspection of livestock products (or by CRP4)
  10. 10. IDO3: INCREASED EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME FOR LOWINCOME ACTORS IN THE TARGET VALUE CHAINS, WITH AN INCREASED SHARE OF EMPLOYMENT FOR AND INCOME CONTROLLED BY LOW-INCOME WOMEN. Indicator Total household income Definition Total household income (cash and non-cash) for low income value chain participants. Data requirements Data: Income (cash and non-cash) from both farm and other income sources. Farm income includes all income from farming activities. Other income sources include off-farm employment, businesses, and remittances or pensions, etc. Consumption of own product (target commodity) should be included as well as other forms of in kind income sources. Data source: Secondary data and farm/household surveys Indicator Household income from target commodity Definition Household income from target commodity earned by low income value chain participants. Data requirements Data: Income from target commodity by low income value chain actors (as producers, but including the target commodity for own consumption) Data source: Secondary data, farm surveys
  11. 11. IDO3: INCREASED EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME FOR LOWINCOME ACTORS IN THE TARGET VALUE CHAINS, WITH AN INCREASED SHARE OF EMPLOYMENT FOR AND INCOME CONTROLLED BY LOW-INCOME WOMEN. Indicator Women’s control of household income Definition Proportion of households in which women reporting control of significant part of household income from participating in target value chain. Data requirements Data: number of households in which women control income from participating in target value chain and total number of households in the sample Data source: secondary data, farm surveys Indicator Employment opportunities Definition Number of jobs attributed to program intervention in the target value chain. Data requirements Data: jobs attributed to livestock and fish program activities in the value chain Data source: secondary data, farm surveys
  12. 12. IDO4: INCREASED CONSUMPTION OF TARGET COMMODITY RESPONSIBLE FOR FILLING A LARGER SHARE OF THE NUTRIENT GAP FOR THE POOR, PARTICULARLY FOR NUTRITIONALLY VULNERABLE POPULATIONS (WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE AND YOUNG CHILDREN). Indicator Dietary Diversity Index (DDI) Definition Dietary Diversity Index (DDI) is a count of the different foods or food groups over a specified period of time (reference period). Data requirements Data: Household food consumption data (more detail through surveying each individual of selected households) Data source: secondary data, household surveys Indicator Consumption of target commodities by target population Definition Proportion of households and its individual members of target population consuming target commodities (beyond minimum threshold amount) over a specified period of time (reference period). Data requirements Data: Household food consumption data (more detail through surveying each individual of selected households) Data source: secondary data, farm surveys
  13. 13. IDO5: LOWER ENVIRONMENT IMPACTS PER UNIT OF COMMODITY PRODUCED IN THE TARGET VALUE CHAINS. Indicator Green House Gas (GHG) emission Definition GHG emitted per unit of target commodity Data requirements Data: Herd sizes, manure management, feed use data, milk production, carbon stocks, deforestation Data source: Life cycle assessments
  14. 14. DEVELOPMENT ACTORS RECOGNIZE AND SUPPORT THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SMALL-SCALE PRODUCTION AND MARKETING SYSTEMS, AND SEEK TO INCREASE THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN WITHIN THESE VALUE CHAINS, WILL CONTRIBUTE TO ALL OUTCOMES AT THE SYSTEM LEVEL. Indicator Conducive policy and development stakeholder context in support of small-scale production and marketing systems Definition Level of existence of a conducive policy (incl. investments) and development stakeholder context which is supportive to the development of small-scale production and marketing systems. Data requirements Data: policies and development actors programmes concerned Data source: secondary data, value chain community survey
  15. 15. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.

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