Mali small ruminant value chains: Where are we?


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Presented by Abdou Fall at the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning meeting, Nairobi, 27-29 September 2011

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Mali small ruminant value chains: Where are we?

  1. 1. Mali Small Ruminant Value Chains: Where are we? Abdou Fall (ILRI) CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning meeting Nairobi, 27-29 September 2011
  2. 2. Mali Small Ruminants Value Chains2.Overview of small ruminants value chains in Mali4.Targeted sheep and goats systems6.Impact pathway8.Progress in engaging with partners10.Workplan12.Analysis of gaps and resource mobilization priorities
  3. 3. Overview of the Mali Small Ruminants Value ChainsProduction systems 27 millions shoats; 4.6 poor Millions livestock keepers Diversity of Sheep and Goat Production systems Pure pastoral systems in marginal arid areas Extensive millet based crop-livestock systems in semi-arid areas Irrigated rice crop-livestock systems Intensified sheep production systems in urban and peri-urban areas (Sheep fattening) Sedentary cotton/sorghum Djallonke sheep and goat production systemsLarge sheep and goat genetic diversityMobility, seasonal feed shortages, High risk (drought, diseases)
  4. 4. Overview of the Mali Small Ruminants Value Chains Inputs and Services Main inputs: family labour and natural pastures and crop residues Limited use of purchased inputs Poor animal health delivery services resulting in high death and reproduction losses, specially in young stocks
  5. 5. Overview of the Mali Small Ruminants Value Chains Marketing & transport,Expanding domestic and export markets1 Million sheep and goat slaughtered;0.5 Million exported (0.4 M to Senegal), 2009Increases in supplies and prices over yearsTrade and transport policy barriers: Duties and taxes; Non-tariffbarriers (Export authorization, illegal transit procedures, illegal roadblocks and checkpoints)
  6. 6. Targeted sheep and goatproduction systemsMillet based sheep and goat production systems in semi- arid areasIrrigated rice sheep and goat production systems in the Interior Niger Delta Cotton/Sorghum based sheep and goat production systems in semi-arid areas, Bougouni
  7. 7. Mali Small Ruminants Value ChainsStrategies for the development of sheep and goatvalue chains•Sourcing of males from extensive sheep production systemsneighboring Office du Niger•Support group of farmers (women) to engage in sheep fatteningusing local upgraded feed resources•Establish business hubs to facilitate linkages with servicesproviders and financial services, and for the development ofcontractual arrangements with buyers
  8. 8. Mali SRVC impact pathway
  9. 9. Mali Small Ruminants Value Chains Outcomes
  10. 10. Mali Small Ruminants Value Chains Outcomes and impact
  11. 11. Mali Small Ruminants Value ChainsExisting engagement and key potential partners Stakeholders consultation workshop, July 2010 Why Mali? Choice of VCs (species) and systems Participatory analysis of constraints, opportunities and priority interventions for each value chain component Identification of potential partners
  12. 12. Mali Small Ruminants Value ChainsPotential partnersResearch organization NARS (IER), CIRADNGOs SNV, AVSFGoM Ministry of livestock and fishery, DNPIAOn-going and future development PADESO, USAID-funded projectsprojects (MLPI, ATP) , IFAD projectsPrivate businesses Mali feed processorsOther Value chain actors Mali livestock traders association, Ordre des Veterinaires du Mali
  13. 13. Workplan 2012 2013Priority Local and national partners have established Small ruminants VC have been assessed andOutcomes R4D alliance to transform the SRC in Mali stakeholders have gained awareness of the potential, constraints and opportunities and preliminary upgrading options of SR VC.Priority Animal health interventions priorities are Identification of combinations of technology,Research determined and disseminated. epidemiological knowledge and institutionalOutputs change to solve specific animal health. Animal health delivery systems are assessed and are better understood. Upgraded feeding strategies based on improved Feeding systems in project site are varieties of feed crops/forges are made available. characterized and upgrading options are analyzed Genetic improvement strategies are assessed in a participatory manner and small ruminants Assess small ruminant management and performance recording systems and database are breeding practices, farmers preferences of established. traits and market demands for various breeds SR VC are characterized and stakeholders and potential partners are identified Baseline situation and M&E framework established
  14. 14. Mali Small Ruminants Value Chains Analysis of gaps: Limited funding of subcomponentsCORAF ProjectsPROGEBE
  15. 15. Mali Small Ruminants Value ChainsPriority resource mobilization Field studies to identify animal health priorities for pro-poor VC development . Analysis of animal health services delivery systems. Characterization of Mali SR feeding systems Sectoral and policy analysis/ Situational analysis Scoping studies to characterize SRVC in Mali and identify best-bet upgrading strategies Evaluation of SR innovation processes Baseline studies
  16. 16. Mali Small Ruminants Value ChainsExisting (ILRI Bamako Office) and missing staffcapacity Existing capacity Missing capacity Feeding Animal health/Epidemiologist Animal husbandry Breeding Sector & policy analysis Value chain assessment Systems analysis Value chain innovation