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Legume SELECT-Ethiopia: Progress, achievements and challenges in 2020

Presented by Birhan Abdulkadir, Alemayehu Dhabessa, Tamiru Meleta, Assefa Ta’a, Kindu Mekonnen and Peter Thorne at the Legume SELECT Annual Project Meeting Via Zoom, 27 January 2021

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Legume SELECT-Ethiopia: Progress, achievements and challenges in 2020

  1. 1. Better lives through livestock Legume SELECT-Ethiopia: Progress, Achievements and Challenges in 2020 Birhan Abdulkadir*, Alemayehu Dhabessa**, Tamiru Meleta**, Assefa Ta’a**, Kindu Mekonnen*, Peter Thorne* *International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) **Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (IQQO) Legume SELECT Annual Project Meeting 27 January 2021 Via Zoom
  2. 2. 2 LS Work Packages (WP) WP1. ‘Big Data’ and Tool Development • WP1.1: focuses, brings together and creates an accessible database on legume productivity, quality and use across SSA • WP1.2: builds on and further develops the existing prototype LegumeCHOICE decision support framework into a robust tool based on reliable data WP2. Validation of benefits for legume niches • WP2.1: Characterization of soil properties, root traits and BNF potential of legume classes • WP2.2: To establish quantitative importance and mechanisms of legume contributions to soil C and N stocks and nutrient supply. • WP 2.3: To quantify BNF, nutrient- and water-use efficiency in a range of legume-based systems to determine the robustness of trait-soil- management relationships WP3. Moving into practice at scale • WP 3.1: Modeling, forecasting, targeting, and scenario testing • WP 3.2: Partner engagement, capacity development and scaling
  3. 3. 3 LS Implementation Sites in Ethiopia Digga Sinana Distance from AA (km) 352 460 Altitude (m) 1200-2300 1700-3100 Rainfall pattern Mono-modal Bi-modal Rainfall (mm) 2080 930 Temp. mean (oC) 18 18 Main farming system Maize-teff-finger millet- based crop- livestock mixed farming Wheat-faba bean- based crop-livestock mixed farming Digga Sinana
  4. 4. 4 WP1.1 RHoMIS Survey
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  6. 6. 6 Crops grown at Digga & Sinana
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  10. 10. 10 • Legume CHOICE Tool Application Report published on CGSpaces ( Abdulkadir, B., Birhanu, T., Meleta, T., Dabessa, A., Duncan, A., Muoni, T., Mekonnen, K., Ta’a, A. and Thorne, P. 2020. Using the Legume CHOICE tool to support legume use on smallholder farms at Digga and Sinana woredas in western and southeastern Ethiopia. ILRI Project Report. Nairobi, Kenya: International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) • Raw data & support info are available in LS- SharePoint Folder. WP1.2 LC Tool
  11. 11. 11 WP2.3: On-farm trials Legume name DIGGA SINANA Bush bean X Climbing bean X Groundnut X Soybean X Faba bean X Field pea X X # of trials established (DT) 12 12 Performances of demonstrated food legume varieties at Digga and Sinana in 2020 cropping season.
  12. 12. 12 • Two seasons’ samples organized and will be sent till end of February. • Simplified export procedure for soil and destructed biomass samples; • Data inventories into ODK then LS server. • Soil and Crop management • Feedback monitoring WP2.3: Sample collections & processing
  13. 13. 13 WP3.1 Feedback Monitoring Done at Digga (n=11) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% bush_bean groundnut soybean bush_bean climbing_bean field_pea Arjo_Qonnan_Bula Jirata Digga Legumes planted 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Arjo_Qonnan_Bula Jirata Digga Harvested seeds intended uses Consume Sell Save to replant in same plot Save to replant in extended plot 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% bush_bean groundnut soybean bush_bean climbing_bean field_pea Arjo_Qonnan_Bula Jirata Digga Legume performances Better Same Worse
  14. 14. 14 • Through: • DTs, • Provision of inputs/seeds, • Exposures on field days/evaluations, trainings. • Periodical meetings • Improved seeds: • Sinana (30 kg of FB/FP for 30 farmers) • Digga (20 kg of GN/SB/CB for 15 farmers) • Two Mini-field days: • Digga: 42 (30M+12F) • Sinana: 25 (22M+3F) WP3.2: Engagement and Scaling
  15. 15. 15 Challenges • COVID-19 related travel restrictions • Political unrest • Communication barriers
  16. 16. 16 Way Forwards • Produce Eth-RHoMIS report • Biomass and soil samples export • Communicate LS products in wider forums
  17. 17. THANK YOU