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Livestock value chain development in East Africa
Pamoja kwenye Utafiti kwa Maendeleo
Together in research for development
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Livestock value chain development in East Africa


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Poster prepared for the CGIAR Consortium Board meeting in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 17-21 March 2014

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Livestock value chain development in East Africa

  1. 1. Livestock value chain development in East Africa Pamoja kwenye Utafiti kwa Maendeleo Together in research for development Tanzania smallholder dairy     Uganda smallholder pigs The dairy market is dominated by direct sales of small volumes by smallholder producers that prevent economies of scale Credit facilities for basic inputs and services or working capital are currently accessed by only 4% of poor rural households which discourages investments in productivity Appropriate organizational models for precommercial producers (complex cooperative models and technology-driven solutions) have largely failed Dairying suffers from strong effects of seasonal rainfall     Ethiopia small ruminants Pig population and per capita pork consumption in Uganda has increased >10 times in the last three decades 1.1 million households raise pigs, mostly managed by women and children, as means to diversify risk and increase livelihood security 90% of pigs are produced and commercialized by a large informal subsector, with poorly organized markets and limited access to services, technology and market information Informal delivery processes are inefficient and poorly handled, compromising product quality and safety for consumers     The sector has poorly developed markets leading to weak links between producers and markets Small ruminants in Ethiopia face disease pressure that results in high morbidity and mortality Feed shortages for small ruminants result in food insecurity for many smallholder farmers Farmers and extension agents are not aware of improved production practices Tanzania dairy Opportunities 1. Raise milk productivity 2. Raise farmers income 3. Reduce livestock disease burden Achievements • • • • • • Moving forward Partnerships established Dairy Development Forum (DDF) initiated with mission to “promote a more inclusive dairy development in Tanzania”. DDF is envisaged as a mechanism for raising visibility among stakeholders, communication, coordination, identifying systemic bottlenecks and co-creating solutions through innovation platforms Situational analysis, rapid value chain assessments, constraints analysis and baseline survey conducted across pre-commercial systems with limited market access (rural-to-rural) to systems that are better linked to urban markets (rural-to-urban) Strong collaboration established across CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets and the prevention and control of agriculture associated diseases theme of the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health Feeds assessment conducted and innovation platforms to resolve constraints initiated Long term strategy (‘Maziwa Zaidi’) developed to rally dairy research and development partners towards a common purpose and encourage synergies Projects • • • • • • Tailoring and promoting the Livestock and Fish program Impact Pathway for ‘Maziwa Zaidi’ Piloting dairy market hub interventions with emphasis on provision of inputs and services provided on credit Pilot hubs to ‘grow’ pre-commercial producers towards commercialisation Establish feed innovation platforms linked to the dairy hubs Conduct targeted research, linked to the dairy hubs and innovation platforms, to target marginalized groups Nurture partnerships and innovation platforms within DDF Organogram of DDF and stakeholders linkages Partnerships • Promoting feed innovations (MilkIT); IFAD Strategic research partnerships • More Milk in Tanzania (MoreMilkiT); Irish Aid • SUA and TALIRI • Safe Food Fair Food; BMZ/GIZ • CIAT (tropical forages) • Rapid Integrated Assessment of Health and Nutrition; ACIAR Development partnerships • Integrated Crops and Goat Project; IDRC • What’s killing my cow; BMZ/GIZ • • East Africa Dairy Development Phase 2; BMGF • Servicing the system: Heifer and SNV • From the system: FAIDA MaLi Mechanisms for strengthening relationships Donors Dairy Development Forum • Livestock data innovation; BMGF • Local platforms International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD); International Development Research Centre (IDRC); Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR); Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF); Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany (BMZ); Irish Aid Prepared for the CGIAR Consortium Board meeting in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 17-21 March 2014 Photo: Stall-fed crossbred dairy cattle/ILRI This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Licence March 2014