Livestock farming in developing countries: An essential resource
Livestock farming in developingcountries: An essential resource Derek Baker International Livestock Research Institute 19th World Meat Congress. Paris, France 4-6 June 2012
Outline1. The livestock resource in developing countries2. Demand and markets for livestock in developing countries3. Knowledge generation and use : deriving value from the use of the resource … for “Better Lives Through Livestock”
ILRIILRI• a member of the CGIAR Consortium which conducts food and environmental research to help alleviate poverty and increase food security, while protecting the natural resource base. 700 staff 100 scientists and researchers more than 30 scientific disciplines Two large campuses (Kenya, Ethiopia). 2012 budget USD 60 mill. ILRI works with a range of partners. ILRI vision A world made better for poor people in developing countries by improving agricultural systems in which livestock are important.
The Livestock Resource in Developing CountriesOver 600 million of the World’s poor depend on livestock About 95% of these live in extreme poverty Some 150 million livestock keepers are landless Thornton et al. 2002 Meat, milk eggs, and fish: a reliable source of high-quality, readily-absorbed protein and micronutrients Livestock perform multiple functions in developing countries
The Livestock Resource in Developing CountriesThe changing nature of livestock systems W. Africa 1966 – pastoral system W. Africa 2004 – crop-livestock system Mixed systems in developing countries produce ca. 50% of the World’s cereals Courtesy of B. Gerard
The Livestock Resource in Developing CountriesLivestock systems in developing countries: comparison with developed countries Developing country Developed country Scale small / smallholder large Enterprise form diverse specialised Objective multiple profits Market destination local, regional global Market form informal formalLivestock systems in developing countries: diversity and change - Pastoral - Mixed crop-livestock - Urban and peri-urban - Off-farm employment - Agro-pastoral - Housed animals - Intensive monogastric - Gender impactsLivestock systems in developing countries: success or failure? Smallholder systems are competitive, in many contexts Informal markets serve the bulk of the world’s poor consumers Informal markets are significant employers Livestock systems in developing countries respond to interventions (technology, policy, organisation)
The poor can achieve better lives through livestock
Demand and marketsDemand: increasingin the developing worldThe 4 billion people livingon less than $10 a dayconstitute a food market ofUS$ 2.9 trillion per year.(Hammond et al 2007). Rosegrant et al. 2009 Based original figure by IFPR/John McDermott 2012.
Demand and marketsDemand: the poor are willing to pay for meat products’ quality and safety Bangladesh: consumers’ weights attached to quality attributes: Goat Attribute meat Beef Notes Breed 30% 33% (Local preferred) Fat cover 27% 27% (Lean preferred)Ethiopia: % of consumers WTP a Sex 26% 22% (Male preferred)price premium for beef attributes Price 17% 19% (Lower preferred) Low Middle High income income IncomeSafety 53% 63% 81% Kenya: WTP for beef attributesGood quality 51% 64% 83% Premium Attribute (USD/kg)* Official inspection stamp 1.42 Cleanness of the meat 1.12 Soft texture 1.00 Low fat cover 0.62 Jabbar et al. 2011 * approx, due to exchange rate change Based original figure by IFPR/John McDermott 2012.
Better lives through livestock is good business
Deriving Value from the Livestock ResourceMarket-driven changeInnovation in low-value livestock products: • Improved organisation • Systems adaptation to change Whole-value-chain testing of market-led interventions • Identifying key steps/actions • Capacity-building • Packaging the means of change
Deriving Value from the Livestock ResourceEnvironmentImproved feed supplements, and improved animalproduction, to lower greenhouse gas emissions • per animal • per dollar earned in markets Pastoral systems • early warning • commercial insurance schemes
Deriving Value from the Livestock ResourceUsing technology to deliver improved productivityAnimal disease: • better use of monitoring disease dynamics in livestock • Infection-treatment method (ITM) vaccination against East Coast FeverApplying knowledge on livestock genetics • better use of traits (e.g. disease resistance) • mapping genetic diversityImproved feeds (e.g. dual purpose crops)
Deriving Value from the Livestock ResourceImproving human health and nutritionManaging health risks in informal markets • Evidence on risks, costs • Incentive-based management of risks • Policy advice and capacity building Zoonoses and emerging disease • Reducing burdens of zoonoses • Targeting neglected zoonoses (e.g. bovine TB) • Foresight for emerging disease and its drivers (e.g. Rift Valley Fever + climate change)Maximizing nutritional benefits from livestock • Role of livestock products in diets of poor • Improving access to nutrition
Knowledge is the key to better lives through livestock
Livestock Farming in DevelopingCountries: using an essentialresource The poor can achieve better lives through livestock Better lives through livestock is good business Knowledge is the key to better lives through livestock
Contact: Derek Baker email@example.comInternational Livestock Research Institute www.ilri.org