Livestock and fish value for money proposition

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Poster prepared for CGIAR Knowledge Day, Nairobi, 5 November 2013

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Livestock and fish value for money proposition

  1. 1. CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food secure future Livestock and fish value for money proposition ‘More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor’ Theory of change Focus Meat, milk and fish are critical to poor people as food and income. They provide critical inputs in the people’s diets, especially those who are malnourished. The challenge is to ensure the poor can have better access to enough and affordable animal-source foods as populations increase, resources for producing them become more constrained and demand for these foods rises. We work in a few value chains: smallholder dairy systems (Tanzania, India, Nicaragua), sheep and goat systems (West Africa, Ethiopia), smallholder pig systems (Uganda, Vietnam) and aquaculture systems (Egypt, Bangladesh). Part of the solution will come from increased productivity in the small-scale production and marketing systems that many poor rely on for their animal-source foods. We identify opportunities to improve and transform these systems to better meet the needs of the poor. Key elements of our approach are: • A whole value chain approach including producers, input providers, traders, processors, consumers • A focus on a few selected livestock and fish value chains with potential for pro-poor transformation to demonstrate impact • Working with development partners to use research to design integrated interventions and generate evidence of their benefits for taking to scale • Basic and adaptive research on feeds, genetics, animal and public health, gender, and targeting prioritized by the needs of the target value chain Research proposition • Our whole value chain approach is intended to help us better understand technology development opportunities and how to encourage uptake and sustainability • We see animal product value chains as a way to encourage intensification and professionalization at farm and market levels • Our integrated food systems approach allows better understanding of the role of animal-source foods as a broad food-based intervention to improve diet diversity • Our systems approach allows us to assess impacts of livestock/aquaculture value chain development on the environment and locate entry points to mitigate negative impacts • Our gender strategy focuses on how poor women, men and marginalized groups can have improved and more equitable access to affordable animal source foods through gender equitable interventions Gender Gender Strategy approved in June 2013; Tools developed to increase women’s access to and control of inputs in value chains; Training workshops with partners in four value chain countries; Gender scientists hired for two value chain countries; Publications and manuals on gender transformative approaches Our research focuses on the constraints met in these value chains. Results • • • • • Fish genetic improvement, dairy hub development and livestock vaccines significantly increase productivity and production Breakthroughs in breeding for super-greenhouse gas-suppressing forages Mixed evidence of improved dairy incomes in East Africa; role of pig production for the poor, especially women, in Uganda, and similarly for small ruminants in Ethiopia Qualitative evidence of positive benefits of dairying in East Africa; better understanding and strategies to improve food safety in informal markets Aquaculture needs to focus not only on improved strains, but also on pond management, including feeds and on nutrient content of farmed fish Lessons • • • • Uptake of individual technologies to improve productivity is difficult in precommercial systems (hence we also work with small and medium sized producers) Is impact best achieved by targeting poor producers and farmers exclusively or by also targeting successful entrepreneurial farmers who can hire others and realize income opportunities along the whole value chain? Evidence needed to show whether animal-source foods produced by smallholders can be made more assessable/affordable to the poor and improve diets Addressing the lack of basic data to inform research investment and policy must be part of the agenda Opportunities • • • • Growing potential for vaccine development as well as genetic tools and methods for smarter breeding to achieve breakthroughs Evaluation of organizational strategies for farmers/markets (e.g. hubs) to understand principles that stimulate pro-poor value chain development Better understand and target animal-source food systems as nutrition and health interventions for the poor and vulnerable, notably women and children Develop environmental impact assessment methods for value chains as well as decision support tools to assess and design for environmental trade-offs Partners Partnership is a key element of the program’s theory of change – essential to achieve impact at scale in the target value chains. Key contacts Tom Randolph: t.randolph@cgiar.org http://livestockfish.cgiar.org The program is led by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). CGIAR partners are WorldFish with a mandate on aquaculture; the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), which works on forages; and the International Center for Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), which works on small ruminants. This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non commercial – Share Alike 3.0 Unported License, November 2013

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