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Livestock and environment at ILRI: 
Past, present and future 
Polly Ericksen 
ILRI@40 Livestock and Environment workshop 
...
ILRI@40 DAY 1 CHALLENGES: 
• sustainable food production in context 
population growth and need for productivity 
gains 
–...
ILRI@40 DAY 1 Key Note: 
– drivers: rising demand; climate change; resource 
scarcity; 
– Impacts: context varies! but agg...
ILRI@40 DAY 1 CHALLENGES: 
– response options: 
• protect resources 
• increase resilience 
• increase efficiency 
• impro...
Highlights of the ILRI L&E past: focus 
on the "bads" and "goods" 
• Wildlife-Livestock interactions 
• GHG emissions 
• i...
L&E present: 
• sustainable intensification as a hypothesis in a 
range of livestock systems 
• measuring the environmenta...
L&E future 
• impacts of climate change on ecology and 
production environments 
• clear idea of how and why PES work (and...
L&E future 
• decision support for adaptation and resilience 
investments 
• decision support for sustainable 
intensifica...
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Presented by Polly Ericksen at the ILRI@40 Livestock and Environment workshop, Addis Ababa, 7 November 2014

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Livestock and environment at ILRI: Past, present and future

  1. 1. Livestock and environment at ILRI: Past, present and future Polly Ericksen ILRI@40 Livestock and Environment workshop Addis Ababa, 7 November 2014
  2. 2. ILRI@40 DAY 1 CHALLENGES: • sustainable food production in context population growth and need for productivity gains – "efficiency" – animal waste – "appropriate" technologies • climate change; but whose issue? Health? breeding? Everyone? • understanding all agriculture as a business enterprise and worth with the transformation • how best to make science outputs "accessible”?
  3. 3. ILRI@40 DAY 1 Key Note: – drivers: rising demand; climate change; resource scarcity; – Impacts: context varies! but aggregate impact of GHG suggests ag is 20-30%; livestock is 75% of that. – strong link between productivity and emissions intensity. – livestock are natural adaptors. – livestock impact biodiversity: pastures; arable land; positive roles as well. Land sharing vs sparing..
  4. 4. ILRI@40 DAY 1 CHALLENGES: – response options: • protect resources • increase resilience • increase efficiency • improve governance • CO-benefits to the responses. • this is super complex agenda!
  5. 5. Highlights of the ILRI L&E past: focus on the "bads" and "goods" • Wildlife-Livestock interactions • GHG emissions • impact CC on livestock • characterisation of livestock systems; getting numbers right! • risk management in drylands • Livestock and water
  6. 6. L&E present: • sustainable intensification as a hypothesis in a range of livestock systems • measuring the environmental footprint -- getting the data right • ecosystem services as a commercial opportunity with co-benefits or vice versa? • adaptation to climate change and resilience to climate shocks • targeting of interventions, understanding how to scale up (beyond characterisation)
  7. 7. L&E future • impacts of climate change on ecology and production environments • clear idea of how and why PES work (and don't) and for whom (poor, women) • environmental governance • compelling body of evidence on mitigation and adaptation interventions – e.g. biogas, breed improvement – e.g. women's costs and benefits
  8. 8. L&E future • decision support for adaptation and resilience investments • decision support for sustainable intensification interventions • “complex” systems analysis
  • SMacMillan

    Nov. 18, 2014

Presented by Polly Ericksen at the ILRI@40 Livestock and Environment workshop, Addis Ababa, 7 November 2014

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