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Gendered characteristics of the small ruminant value
chain intervention sites in Ethiopian
Annet A. Mulema
Livestock and F...
Community profiles
• Objectives
– Understand time and labor allocation amongst
men, women, boys and girls
– Understand acc...
Community profiles
• Approach
– Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques
– Activity clocks (peak and slack season), ...
Summary of findings
• Most of the activities are common for all household
members and jointly carried out
• Gender specifi...
Summary of findings: time allocation
• Variation in labour and time allocation in the different
sites
• In drier areas, wo...
Access to and control of resources
• Men control most of the key productive resources
• Women mostly control milk and rela...
Recommendations
• Need to take into account these gender based roles and
responsibilities of community members within the
...
CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR
Research P...
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Gendered characteristics of the small ruminant value chain intervention sites in Ethiopian

Presented by Annet A. Mulema at the Livestock and Fish Gender Initiative Meeting, Nairobi, 8-12 June 2015

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Gendered characteristics of the small ruminant value chain intervention sites in Ethiopian

  1. 1. Gendered characteristics of the small ruminant value chain intervention sites in Ethiopian Annet A. Mulema Livestock and Fish Gender Initiative Meeting, Nairobi, 8-12 June 2015
  2. 2. Community profiles • Objectives – Understand time and labor allocation amongst men, women, boys and girls – Understand access to and control of resources by men and women – Understand seasonal events within the respective communities
  3. 3. Community profiles • Approach – Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques – Activity clocks (peak and slack season), seasonal calendars, and access to and control over resource profile – Eleven PAs of six districts, – Separate FGDs with men, women and youth – 122 men, 98 women, 101 youth (66 male and 35 female) participated in FGDs
  4. 4. Summary of findings • Most of the activities are common for all household members and jointly carried out • Gender specific activities within the communities • Women engaged in productive, reproductive and community roles and responsibilities. • Men mostly involved in productive and community development activities
  5. 5. Summary of findings: time allocation • Variation in labour and time allocation in the different sites • In drier areas, women and men are busier in the wet season • Women observed having less sleeping and leisure time as compared to men but this varied across seasons • Young girls share activities of women whereas young boys share those of men • Boys most likely to participate in other activities considered feminine e.g. fetching firewood.
  6. 6. Access to and control of resources • Men control most of the key productive resources • Women mostly control milk and related products and resources required to carry out their reproductive roles
  7. 7. Recommendations • Need to take into account these gender based roles and responsibilities of community members within the target sites and their time allocation. • Detailed gender analysis is essential in order to identify gender based constraints and opportunities of different household types
  8. 8. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org

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