Gender transformative approaches and value chain research for development
This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Licence May 2013 http://livestockfish.cgiar.orgGender transformative approaches and value chain researchfor developmentWhy adopt GTAs?By investigating and addressing thecauses of poverty and gender inequality,GTAs are expected to create morelasting development outcomes.Outcomes are expected to be bettersustained because the analysis informsactions focused on facilitating positivechanges in the wider social enablingenvironment within which poor womenand men earn their living. This will openup a wider range and quality oflivelihood options to them.Testing under what conditions thisexpectation holds is the core researchagenda around GTAs.How can researchersand developmentpartners integrateGTAs?1. GTA design: GTAs can be partof almost any value chainresearch and developmentproject.The diagram on the bottom righthighlights what you need to thinkabout to design and implement agender transformative researchproject. It details the corecharacteristics of a GTA informedproject.Work with the Livestock and Fishgender experts to help you thinkthrough your approach!2. Form partnerships: Partnershipsare vital to successfully designingand implementing gendertransformative value chain projectsbecause partners bring the neededexpertise in gender research or infacilitating critical dialogue incommunities about genderinequality.These partners might not always bethe ‘usual suspects’ found inlivestock or aquaculture programs!They may be found in gender anddiversity departments ofuniversities or NGOs, among mediagroups or advocacy organizations.3. Capacity is key: The Livestockand Fish gender strategy prioritizesgender capacity development as away to help more staff see,understand and analyze how genderand social inequality affectdevelopment outcomes. This is vitalto achieving the CGIAR ResearchPrograms desired developmentoutcomes.If you’re interested in gender capacitydevelopment support, contact Kathy Colverson(firstname.lastname@example.org)If you’re interested in learning more aboutintegrating GTAs in your value chain, contactPaula Kantor (email@example.com )Gender transformative approaches (GTAs)are a way to integrate gender and socialinequality into value chain research andinterventions.They are different from gender blind andgender accommodating integrationapproaches because they address bothvisible differences between social groups inhow they are involved in a value chain andthe underlying reasons why thosedifferences exist.ExampleA GTA to value chain analysis in the Indiandairy value chain would assess how caste,class and gender affect the way bothwomen and men are positioned in dairyvalue chains. It would dig into whatunderlying norms, beliefs and practicescreate and maintain existing inequalities inaccess to and control over resources,markets, and new opportunities forupgrading, and identify what actors to workwith, using what strategies, to fosterchange that benefits poor and marginalizedmen and women and the chain overall.Research ProcessUnderstands peopleand social diversity intheir contextDynamic & iterativeEnables criticallearning, reflection &questioningMulti-scalePracticeEngages with both womenand menAddresses unequal powerdynamics across socialgroupsCrosses scalesChallenges oppressive norms,practices and structuresIntegrates with agriculturalsystems interventionsOutcomesInclusive and sustainedsocio-ecologicaltransformationGender equitable systemsand structures (socialenabling environment)More and better lifechoices for poor womenand menCharacteristics of a gender transformative approach toagricultural research and developmentApproaches to gender integration (www.igwg.org)What are GenderTransformative Approaches?