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Transdisciplinary communication:Impacts on heath and vulnerability of Highland       ethnic communities in Thailand      E...
Highland Ethnic Communities
Upper North of Thailand
Isolated Communities• Subsistence  agriculture• Shifting  cultivation
Limited Government ServicesEducation         Health
Commercial Travel      Difficult ActivitiesAccess to lowland markets limited
Opium Production   • Minor cash crop   • 1960s-1970s: Rising        world demand   •        • Refined into                ...
Opium Crop Replacement• Begun in 1970s• National,  international,  NGOs• Coffee, red kidney  beans, other cash  crops
Strict Land Use    Regulation EnforcementProhibited:• Shifting cultivation• Clearing forest for  new agricultural  fields•...
Increased Vulnerability of       Hilltribe CommunitiesLet to reduced:• Soil fertility• Agricultural  productivity• Availab...
Health Impacts• Chronic under nutrition• Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
Group Communication• Culture• Language
Exploitation• Changes in  patterns of tribal  leadership, organi  zation• Reduced  development  effectiveness
One-way CommunicationElectricity• Access to radio  and television  broadcasts• Accelerated  flow of  information
Two-way CommunicationTelephones, Cell Phones, Intern et• Increased  exchange of  information  with the outside  world
All-Weather Roads• Improved  crop/livestock  production• Transport produce  to lowland  markets• Access to lowland  products
Schools• Increasing Thai  language ability• Expanded  worldview• Better  communication  with the outside  world
Health-related Services            • Health centers            • Improved health              and nutrition            • V...
Transdiciplinary Communication Communication among different   disciplines resulted in synergy
Thank You Chongchit Sripun Robert    G. Lamar Robert  EcoHealth Resource CentreChiang Mai University, Thailandhttp://ehrc....
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Transdisciplinary communication: Impacts on heath and vulnerability of Highland ethnic communities in Thailand

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Presented by Chongchit Sripun Robert and G. Lamar Robert at the Ecohealth 2012 conference held at Kunming, China on 15-18 October 2012

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Transdisciplinary communication: Impacts on heath and vulnerability of Highland ethnic communities in Thailand

  1. 1. Transdisciplinary communication:Impacts on heath and vulnerability of Highland ethnic communities in Thailand EcoHealth Conference, Kunming China 2012 Chongchit Sripun Robert And G. Lamar Robert EcoHealth Resource Centre Chiang Mai University, Thailand
  2. 2. Highland Ethnic Communities
  3. 3. Upper North of Thailand
  4. 4. Isolated Communities• Subsistence agriculture• Shifting cultivation
  5. 5. Limited Government ServicesEducation Health
  6. 6. Commercial Travel Difficult ActivitiesAccess to lowland markets limited
  7. 7. Opium Production • Minor cash crop • 1960s-1970s: Rising world demand • • Refined into heroin for export
  8. 8. Opium Crop Replacement• Begun in 1970s• National, international, NGOs• Coffee, red kidney beans, other cash crops
  9. 9. Strict Land Use Regulation EnforcementProhibited:• Shifting cultivation• Clearing forest for new agricultural fields• Relocating villages
  10. 10. Increased Vulnerability of Hilltribe CommunitiesLet to reduced:• Soil fertility• Agricultural productivity• Availability of forest products  Nutrition problems
  11. 11. Health Impacts• Chronic under nutrition• Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
  12. 12. Group Communication• Culture• Language
  13. 13. Exploitation• Changes in patterns of tribal leadership, organi zation• Reduced development effectiveness
  14. 14. One-way CommunicationElectricity• Access to radio and television broadcasts• Accelerated flow of information
  15. 15. Two-way CommunicationTelephones, Cell Phones, Intern et• Increased exchange of information with the outside world
  16. 16. All-Weather Roads• Improved crop/livestock production• Transport produce to lowland markets• Access to lowland products
  17. 17. Schools• Increasing Thai language ability• Expanded worldview• Better communication with the outside world
  18. 18. Health-related Services • Health centers • Improved health and nutrition • Vaccinations • Reduced zoonotic diseases
  19. 19. Transdiciplinary Communication Communication among different disciplines resulted in synergy
  20. 20. Thank You Chongchit Sripun Robert G. Lamar Robert EcoHealth Resource CentreChiang Mai University, Thailandhttp://ehrc.vet.cmu.ac.th/

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