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Key gaps identified in veterinary service delivery


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Presented by Fasil Awol at the HEARD project regional public-private partnerships task force workshop, Amhara, 18 November 2019: Somali, 21 November 2019: Oromia, 26 November 2019

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Key gaps identified in veterinary service delivery

  1. 1. Key gaps identified in veterinary service delivery Fasil Awol (EVA-HEARD) Regional PPPs task force workshop Amhara, 18 November 2019: Somali, 21 November 2019: Oromia, 26 November 2019
  2. 2. Presentation outline
  3. 3. Introduction • Ethiopia has one of the largest livestock inventories in Africa • Livestock support for the livelihoods of an estimated 80 per cent of the rural poor. • livestock are extremely important for the country’s economic development, food and nutrition security, and poverty reduction • According to the CSA, 2016 the estimated livestock population approximates to – 59.5 million cattle, – 29.5 million sheep, – 30.2 million goats, – 8 million equines, – 1.2 million camels and – 49 million poultry
  4. 4. Introduction • The economic benefit derived from the livestock sector does not commensurate with the potential and the sub-sector remains untapped. • Major constraints include – the widely distributed various endemic diseases, – shortage of animal feed both in terms of quality and quantity and – low productivity of the local stock. – Poor input supply system, inefficient input/output marketing system, – Other technical and socio-economic considerations have also contributed for the low performance of the sector.
  5. 5. Current capacity of the national veterinary service • OIE PVS Evaluation was carried out in 2011 G.C. • Performance of the national Veterinary system of the country against international standards evaluated • Key Gaps in Veterinary service delivery of the Country were incriminated
  6. 6. Key findings of PVS evaluation • Public veterinary services are underfunded. • The National capacity for early detection and containment of diseases is poor • Narrowly defined Veterinary Services delivery • Animal welfare not addressed • Public health + food safety not so well covered and • Animal Health services - emphasis is more to clinical services and less so to strategic control of diseases. • Inefficient livestock disease surveillance and information systems, • Inadequate coverage of veterinary services
  7. 7. Possible solutions • The veterinary services of the country require enormous improvement in terms of • Regulatory support • Technical back up and • Institutional capacities at different levels in order to reduce losses attributed to diseases and enhance production, productivity and quality and hence market competitiveness of the livestock sector.
  8. 8. HEARD project • Project Name: HEARD - Health of Ethiopian Animals for Rural Development • Location(s) of the action: Addis Ababa, National and Regional Agriculture and Livestock development Bureaus/Agencies according to planned • Total duration of the action (months): 48 months • Requested EU contribution (amount): EUR 3.80 Million • EVA Budget: EUR 1,750,335 Million • ILRI Budget: EUR 2,052,560 Million
  9. 9. HEARD project Objectives of the action • The overall objective of HEARD is increase sustainable livestock productivity and improve the marketing of livestock products”, and, • The specific objective is quality and reliability of integrated public and private veterinary service delivery improved taking into account the increasing impacts of climate change.
  10. 10. The quality and reliability of integrated public and private veterinary service delivery improved Result 2. Technical competences (knowledge, skills and attitude) and incentives for veterinary service providers improved to deliver better and rationalized services. Result 3. Food safety of primary products of animal origin improved and better control of zoonotic diseases achieved Result 1 .The quality of public and private veterinary services strengthened, and delivery optimized (through the creation of an enabled and rationalized environment). Expected results of the project
  11. 11. HEARD project • In line with the HEARD Action Document - intervention framework, this proposal is to implement Result 2 by ILRI and EVA: Result 2: Technical competences (knowledge, skills and attitudes) and incentives for veterinary service providers improved to deliver better and rationalized services 3 Major Activities Activity 2.1: Pilot the veterinary service rationalization roadmap Activity 2.2: Develop training materials and implement innovative delivery methods for skill Development in veterinary professionals, para-professionals and livestock producers Activity 2.3: Make available and disseminate resources for animal health knowledge, best practices and Research findings, including measures to militate against the impact of climate change
  12. 12. Key veterinary service gaps identified in May and June 2019 workshops A stakeholder workshop involving service providers from the public and private sector was organized in May 2019 and second in June 2019 at Bishoftu to identify the gaps in veterinary service provision.
  13. 13. Pictures from the consultative workshops Participants of the second consultative workshopParticipants of the first consultative workshop
  14. 14. Key veterinary service gaps • Disease reporting system • Poor quality report • Interrupted report • Low report rate • Illegal drug trade, drug abuse, drug sale without prescription. • Poor sectoral and institutional coordination between regional and federal offices, MoA and MOH, NGOs and GOs, private and public sector.
  15. 15. • Lack of support from the government to the private sector (training, refreshment courses, experience sharing, credit) • Poor access to services and inputs (drugs in quantity, quality, variety and affordability) • Access and quality of laboratory diagnostics services • Non- infectious diseases are not well managed due to inputs shortages, absence of farm gate clinical services Key veterinary service gapsc
  16. 16. • Vaccination programs (absence of vaccination strategy in Ethiopia, no schedule for vaccination) • Vaccines products for poultry are in large packs (500 doses), not suited to smallholders, rarely available • Misconduct of practitioners (drug sold without prescription, not enough information for drug sold) Key veterinary service gaps
  17. 17. Key Veterinary Service Gaps • Lack of awareness on rational drug use Leading to development of AMR. • Limitations in skills among both professionals and paraprofessionals. • Lack of incentives for professionals and others service providers.
  18. 18. The Health of Ethiopian Animals for Rural Development (HEARD) project is financed by the European Union. Among the other objectives of the project, ‘improving the technical competencies of veterinary service providers to enable them to deliver better and provide rationalized services’ is implemented by the Ethiopian Veterinarians Association (EVA) and the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) lead HEARD project in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture of the Ethiopian Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.