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Better lives through livestock
Participatory and quantitative systems modelling
approach to animal health economics
Author...
Case studies: examples
Applied participatory and quantitative system modelling on:
• The impact of Foot-and-Mouth Disease ...
Research direction
In the past decades, various methodologies have been used to model the epidemiology and
economics of an...
Recent developments in the field of integrated
approach to animal health economics
Source: adapted from Hamza et al. (2014...
Example: Cost-benefit analysis of FMD control in
Vietnam
Source: Truong et al. (2018)
Recent advances in animal health economics impact
assessment (using participatory and systems modelling
approaches)
• Desp...
Example 1: FMD control in Beef sector in
Botswana (Profit performance)
Source: Dizyee et al. (2017)
Run 1: Business as usu...
Example 2: African swine fever control and market
integration in pig sector in Uganda
Source: Ouma et al. (2018)
What is next? Future research direction
Human
Health
Animal
Health
Ecosystems
Health
• Quantitative systems models (predic...
Future research direction
• Can we develop a more integrated approach to animal health that not only
captures the economic...
Thank you
References
• Dijkhuizen, A. A., Huirne, R. B. M., and Jalvingh, A. W. 1995. Economic analysis of animal diseases and their...
THANK YOU
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Presented by Kanar Dizyee to the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) on the proposed Participatory and quantitative systems modelling approach, 15 February 2021.

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Participatory and quantitative systems modelling approach to animal health economics

  1. 1. Better lives through livestock Participatory and quantitative systems modelling approach to animal health economics Authors: Kanar Dizyee Position: Scientist: Value chain impact assessment modeler, PIL/ILRI Presented to the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) on the proposed Participatory and quantitative systems modelling approach, 15 February 2021, Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.
  2. 2. Case studies: examples Applied participatory and quantitative system modelling on: • The impact of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) on market access for beef in Botswana; • The impact of African Swine Fever (ASF) in Uganda; and • Food safety and animal health issues in the pig sector in Viet Nam
  3. 3. Research direction In the past decades, various methodologies have been used to model the epidemiology and economics of animal diseases (e.g., cost-benefit analysis, partial budget analysis, input-output, linear programming, etc). However, most of these studies have focused on farm level impacts that provide policy and decision makers with a tool to assess: • Benefit-cost estimates of disease control • Direct and indirect costs of animal diseases Despite the virtues of each of these models, how applicable these in integrated animal health economics given the complex interaction between the epidemiology and economics of disease and the existing feedback mechanisms that can influence the success of disease control interventions and their cost-effectiveness. Source: Dijkhuizen et al. (1995); Rushton (1999); Rich et al. (2005); Hamza et al. (2014); Truong et al. (2018)
  4. 4. Recent developments in the field of integrated approach to animal health economics Source: adapted from Hamza et al. (2014) • Farm level animal health economic impact assessment approaches focuses on linear (e.g., partial budget and cost-benefit analysis – e.g., Truong et al. (2018) – or non-linear approaches – e.g., Hamza et al. (2014)).
  5. 5. Example: Cost-benefit analysis of FMD control in Vietnam Source: Truong et al. (2018)
  6. 6. Recent advances in animal health economics impact assessment (using participatory and systems modelling approaches) • Despite the virtues of animal health economic assessment at farm level, how effective are these methods to capture the broader economic impact of animal health at farm level and beyond? Livestock production Livestock collection Livestock wholesaling Livestock processing Livestock trade Intervention Chain impacts (economic gains/losses, employment, service provision, gender, hh nutrition and food safety) Nodal impacts – direct and feedback effects, often with delays (market, institutional, strategic choice) Source: Dizyee et al. (2016); Ouma et al. (2017); Rich et al. (2018) E.g., FMD vaccination; ASF biosecurity measures Disruptions E.g., Trade ban due to FMD outbreaks; Panic sale and trade ban due to ASF outbreaks
  7. 7. Example 1: FMD control in Beef sector in Botswana (Profit performance) Source: Dizyee et al. (2017) Run 1: Business as usual; Run 2: Market liberalization; Run 3: Business as usual + FMD freedom; Run 4: Market liberalization + FMD freedom.
  8. 8. Example 2: African swine fever control and market integration in pig sector in Uganda Source: Ouma et al. (2018)
  9. 9. What is next? Future research direction Human Health Animal Health Ecosystems Health • Quantitative systems models (predictive modelling and what-if-scenarios) • Available quantitative data and knowledge • Participatory approaches to engage with stakeholder to gather qualitative knowledge and construct adaptive and resilient decision tools Socio-economic impact of animal health Source: Constructed based on information from Duboz et al. (2018)
  10. 10. Future research direction • Can we develop a more integrated approach to animal health that not only captures the economic impact of animal health at farm and beyond farm gate but also at human and ecosystem health level? • Can we move Integrated Approach to Animal Health from conceptual models to more formal and quantitative models? • Can participatory systems approach and systems modelling approach play a role in advancing the existing framework to Integrated Approach to Health?
  11. 11. Thank you
  12. 12. References • Dijkhuizen, A. A., Huirne, R. B. M., and Jalvingh, A. W. 1995. Economic analysis of animal diseases and their control. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 25(2), 135-149. • Dizyee, K., Baker, D., Rich, K. M., Fleming, E., and Burrow, H. 2016. Applying system dynamics to value chain analysis(No. 235242). Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society. • Dizyee, K., Baker, D., and Rich, K. M. 2017. A quantitative value chain analysis of policy options for the beef sector in Botswana. Agricultural Systems, 156, 13-24. • Duboz, R., Echaubard, P., Promburom, P., Kilvington, M., Ross, H., Allen, W., ... And Binot, A. 2018. Systems Thinking in Practice: Participatory Modeling as a Foundation for Integrated Approaches to Health. Frontiers in veterinary science, 5. • Hamza, K., Rich, K. M., and Wheat, I. D. 2014. A system dynamics approach to sea lice control in Norway. Aquaculture Economics & Management, 18(4), 344-368. • Ouma, E., Dione, M., Birungi, R., Lule, P., Mayega, L., and Dizyee, K. 2018. African swine fever control and market integration in Ugandan peri-urban smallholder pig value chains: An ex-ante impact assessment of interventions and their interaction. Preventive veterinary medicine, 151, 29-39. • Rich, K. M., Miller, G. Y., and Winter-Nelson, A. 2005. A review of economic tools for the assessment of animal disease outbreaks. Revue Scientifique Et Technique-Office International Des Epizooties, 24(3), 833. • Rich, K. M., Dizyee, K., Nguyen, T. H., Duong, N. H., Pham, V. H., Nguyen, T. N., ... and Lapar, M. L. 2018. Quantitative value chain approaches for animal health and food safety. Food microbiology, 75, 103-113. • Rushton J, Thornton PK, Otte MJ. Methods of economic impact assessment. Rev Sci Tech (1999) 18:315–42. doi:10.20506/rst.18.2.1172 • Truong, D. B., Goutard, F. L., Bertagnoli, S., Delabouglise, A., Grosbois, V., and Peyre, M. 2018. Benefit–cost analysis of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Vaccination at the Farm-level in south Vietnam. Frontiers in veterinary science, 5, 26.
  13. 13. THANK YOU

Presented by Kanar Dizyee to the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) on the proposed Participatory and quantitative systems modelling approach, 15 February 2021.

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