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Enhancing private sector participation in animal health services: Resolutions from Isiolo Shaba Meeting

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Presented by Joseph Githingi (Kenya Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries) at the Follow-up Meeting to Discuss Private sector Participation in Animal Health Services, ILRI, Nairobi, 7 November 2019

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Enhancing private sector participation in animal health services: Resolutions from Isiolo Shaba Meeting

  1. 1. Enhancing private sector participation in animal health services Resolutions from Isiolo Shaba Meeting Follow-up Meeting to Discuss Private Sector Participation in Animal Health Services ILRI, Nairobi, 7 November 2019 Joseph Githingi Kenya Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries
  2. 2. General introduction • Approximately 80% of people in ASAL derive their livelihood from livestock enterprise • Close to 70% of rural labour force in these areas is employed in the livestock subsector • Unexploited livelihood diversification • Low literacy levels • Over the years development of this subsector has not kept pace with the needs of the people • Poorly managed rangelands have led to lack of pastures and fodder for livestock • Frequent outbreaks of livestock diseases cause preventable losses to the poor
  3. 3. Challenges facing livestock subsector in (ASALs) 1. Frequent diseases outbreaks – Disease control activities are reactive rather than proactive – Vaccination coverage usually very low – Disease interventions county-based, not effective and needs regional approach – Uncontrolled livestock movement in search of pasture, water and trade – Poor linkages between private and public sector in regard to animal health service delivery
  4. 4. Challenges cont’d 2 . Disease surveillance - Lacks regional approach, interventions ineffective - Many players- uncoordinated - Lack of central data base for surveillance reports and reporting systems that links various players at all levels - Minimal Community involvement - Weak technological capacity
  5. 5. 3. Misuse of veterinary drugs - Pastoralists are thinly dispersed over a very wide geographical area. - Extensive nature of livestock production, - long distances to report diseases - Poor infrastructure- roads, mobile telephony, financial institutions, diagnostic labs, etc - Widespread self-diagnosis and medication of animals - Abundance of counterfeit and substandard drugs- porous borders (lack of regional regulatory mechanisms) - Low public awareness of dangers of drugs misuse - Weak industry regulation- inspectorate services
  6. 6. 4. Inefficient veterinary Public health services – Sub-standard infrastructure - enforcement lost momentum with devolution – Inadequate staff/Meat inspectors – Poor road network to support centralization – Unavailability of enough quantities of portable water – High levels of poverty in rural settlements – Low meat consumption rates, – Vastness of the area, etc.
  7. 7. 5. Human resource development and management - Inadequate numbers of technical staff - Aging, retiring and de-motivated labour force - Stagnation in career progression, no capacity building, poor work environment - No clear succession management
  8. 8. 6. Insufficient budgetary allocation - weak linkage between budgets and work plans - Funds devolved down to County headquarter level- - Pooling of finances - Transport inadequate and unreliable for service delivery - Emergency responses delayed - Paralysed extension services
  9. 9. 7. Poorly managed rangelands and grazing - Resource-based conflicts - Depletion of natural resources - Land degradation - Land pressure/carrying capacity - Lack of legislation - Encroachment of settlements in grazing lands 8. Lack of commercialization of livestock keeping - Dependency syndrome - Maintains diseases in herds - Youths unwilling to embrace livestock keeping
  10. 10. The Sarova meeting tried to address one of the key challenges in livestock subsector; that is to improve animal health service through enhancing the participation of private sector
  11. 11. Resolutions agreed at the stakeholders' meeting held at Sarova Shaba Game Lodge, Isiolo on 18th July 2019 We, • HE the governor ,Isiolo County, • CECM responsible for veterinary matters & CDVSs of; Isiolo, Samburu, Marsabit, wajir, Garissa, Tana River, Laikipia and Bungoma counties • The National government (SDL & DVS) • Private sector representative (Sidai, Farmers Agrisystem Capacity Technology solutions Ltd, met at Sarova Saba Game lodge in Isiolo County on 18th July 2019,
  12. 12. Conscious of the current and potential contribution of animal resources to the development of the people of kenya and the realization of the Kenya Vision 2030, the provisions of the Kenya Constitution (2010) that created devolved governments in Kenya Aware of the threats to animal production particularly animal diseases and pests Recognizing the significance of animal resources in attainment of food security Desirous of improved public, animal and environmental health,
  13. 13. Keen to generate wealth from animal resources for the benefit of future generations, Affirming the need to conserve animal resources for the benefit of future generations Acknowledging the mutually inclusive roles of the county governments, national government and the private sector in animal health services Cognizant of and prepared to abide by policies, strategies, guidelines, nationals, county laws, regional and international animal health treaties, agreements and standards ratified by kenya
  14. 14. Resolve to; 1. Cooperate and consult , at all times, on matters of animal diseases and pests control; 2. Actively encourage private sector investment in animal health services and work with the private sector in animal health service delivery and remove any barriers to delivery of animal health services including vaccination by the private sector; 3. Abide by relevant national, regional and international laws, treaties, protocols, and standards; especially the OIE standards, ratified by Kenya
  15. 15. Resolutions cont’d 4. Stop delivery of free veterinary medicines and vaccines except for those that the government has declared for eradication and emergencies 5. Urge the DVS to issue a circular clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the CDVS and the private sector in delivery of veterinary medicines and vaccines in accordance with the existing laws and regulations 6. Regularly sensitize stakeholders in the animal resources industry including county assemblies on sustainable approaches to animal disease and pests control
  16. 16. 7. Support veterinary medicines directorate to completely eradicate counterfeit and fake veterinary drugs and illegal practitioners; 8. Support livestock identification and traceability system initiative in Kenya Signed this Thursday 18th July 2019  H.E Dr. Mohamed Abdi Kuti, EGH Governor County Of Isiolo for the County governments  Lornah Odero, MBS Director of Administration On behalf of the PS SDL for the National Government  Dr. Christie Peacock, PhD Chief Executive Officer, Sidai Africa for the Private sector
  17. 17. Thanks you!

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