The contribution of agricultural research to       managing zoonoses and foodborne diseases       Grace, D.1 and McDermott...
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The contribution of agricultural research to managing zoonoses and foodborne diseases


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Poster prepared by D. Grace and J. McDermott for the 13th conference of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Maastricht, the Netherlands, 20-24 August 2012.

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The contribution of agricultural research to managing zoonoses and foodborne diseases

  1. 1. The contribution of agricultural research to managing zoonoses and foodborne diseases Grace, D.1 and McDermott, J.2 1International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya. 2International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA August 2012 Background Agricultural innovation has allowed massive Impact pathway for agriculture expansion of people and their animals. Yet, as the Agriculture 4 Nutrition & Health associated diseases world population passed 7 billion in October 2011, This program has four components. One more than one billion people remain malnourished component focuses on the human diseases and more than 2 billion are sickened each year associated with agriculture, specifically: from the food they ate. • Foodborne diseases • Zoonoses and emerging infectious diseases Millions more die from diseases that emerge from, • Other health risks in agro-ecosystems or persist in, agricultural ecosystems: zoonoses and diseases recently emerged from animals make up This component is led by the International Livestock 25% of the infectious disease burden in least Research Institute (ILRI). developed countries and kill one in ten people who ILRI is a member of the CGIAR Consortium which live there. conducts livestock, food and environmental The relation between food, farming and health is Three major impact pathways research. Our headquarters are in Nairobi and we 1. Value chains that make more nutritious complex (Figure 1), and requires sophisticated and safer foods accessible to the poor have offices across Africa, South Asia and South East solutions. 2. Stronger and more effective development Asia (Figure 2). programs 3. Enabling policy Figure 1: Interactions between agriculture and health test Figure 2: Location of ILRI offices Land allocation - India + to feed Traction, nutrient - Food Crop Production ILRI IN BRIEF Mali  700 staff: 100 scientists and cycling + + Animal & + Food Crop Animals + Animal Production + Product Sales Sales Food Crop researchers  54% from developing countries + Owned + + Purchases +Labor Allocated to China HH + Livestock Income Health  more than 30 scientific disciplines + test Vietnam Inputs Chronic HH ASF Disease Risk + + + Consumption + + ASF (Female) Caregiver  2012 budget USD 60 million Probability of + Income Environmental Toxin Purchases Zoonotic Disease Concentration + Nutrient Laos  ILRI works with a range of Interactions - + + - Nigeria - - + HH Crop Consumption Health Status Nutritional + (Child) Dietary + Pictures research & development partners (Growth) Status Intake Mozambique + + Cognitive + + Wage Labour by  across 7 CGIAR research Kenya - Performance + Total Labor + AIDS Complications + Level of Care/Feeding Behaviour - (Female) Caregiver - programs Ethiopia Thailand Demands Hired Epidemiologists, modelers, one health practitioners Labor - Labor Demands on + (Female) Caregiver wanted……. Arrows between variables indicate hypothesized causal relationships. The + or - signs indicate hypothesized direction of effects. A new program The CGIAR is a consortium of 15 international This is a new program with ambitions to dramatically research organisations founded in the last four decades to reduce rural poverty, increase food expand agricultural research for improving human health. security, improve human health and nutrition, and ensure more sustainable management of We are keen to attract high-performing post-doctoral, entry- natural resources. level and senior scientists with experience and/or interest The CGIAR centers have come together to work in 15 CGIAR Research Programs. For the first time in working with multi-disciplinary teams in developing ever, a program is devoted to leveraging countries to innovate solutions at the interface of human, agriculture for improved human health and nutrition. animal and agro-ecosystem health. This CGIAR research program is designed to fill the existing gap between agricultural For more information, see our website development and its unfulfilled health and We encourage you to contact ILRI scientists directly to learn more about our nutritional benefits. it is led by the International program and opportunities to work at ILRI. All contacts on Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Delia Grace This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution –Non commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License Jun 2012