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ILRI research on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in smallholder livestock system in Vietnam

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Poster prepared for the ILRI Institutional Planning Meeting (IPM) 2019, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 17-19 September 2019.

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ILRI research on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in smallholder livestock system in Vietnam

  1. 1. ILRI key research on AMU and AMR Understanding KAP related to AMU or reduction in use and the role of formal and informal markets  Antimicrobial use in livestock production systems (AMUSE Livestock) tool The globally standardized tool covers knowledge, attitudes and practices related to AMU in livestock production systems, is being rolled out in Ethiopia (small ruminants), Uganda (pigs) and Vietnam (pigs). Contact h.nguyen@cgiar.org ILRI Vietnam This document is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. September 2019. Problems/issues • In Vietnam, to manage pig diseases and increase meat production, farmers are using antibiotics (AB) and other antimicrobials, creating a hotbed for zoonotic diseases and resistance to antibiotic drugs.  1023 tons and 981 tons for Vietnamese chicken and pig production, respectively.  90% AB sold without prescription  Dispensed by inexperienced staff  25% of sales is AB sales • Farmers have easy access to vet drugs that can be illegal or counterfeit. • Little is known about antimicrobial use (AMU) in animals. • Factors and incentives influencing AMU are poorly understood. • In Vietnam, regulations on use of antibiotics in livestock sector have been enforced, but not worked effectively yet. From left: antibiotics sold at a pharmacy, and drug containers used at a pig farm in Vietnam. ILRI research on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in smallholder livestock system in Vietnam VIDA-PIG project (2018–2020) In collaboration with the University of Copenhagen (Denmark), National Institute of Veterinary Research, National Institute of Nutrition, ILRI is working on the ‘health and antibiotics in Vietnamese pig production’ that uses the One Health approach for mapping the many drivers of antibiotics use and resistance across the Vietnamese pig value chain. The project is funded by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and implemented in Bac Ninh province, Vietnam. • Antimicrobial stewardship in Thai Nguyen and Hung Yen province (AMS) Funded by A4NH, Crawford in Queensland Postgraduate Student Award and Australian Government, Research Training Scholarship, the study aims  To identify the stakeholders and their roles in responding to cases of animal disease in family- farming communities in Vietnam  To determine the barriers and drivers for AMS among local stakeholders  To identify leverage points for improved AMS Studying AMR transmission dynamics at the human– animal– environment interface in different agricultural systems  A thesis studied the patterns of Salmonella serotypes and AMR of isolates collected between 2014 and 2018 and determine the role of Colistin resistance caused by mcr-1 (MSc study, PigRISK and SafePORK project, ILRI/NIVR/London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine).  A thesis investigated the implementation challenges of a One Health surveillance system for AMR in Vietnam (MSc study, Safe PORK/ILRI/University of Sydney). Designing and evaluating interventions and incentives to reduce or more effectively use antimicrobials in agriculture  Reduction of AMU and AMR in pork supplied to canteens and schools by using probiotics (SafePORK project, funded by ACIAR, ILRI/Hanoi University of Public Health/BioSpring)  Test the effect of nano-silver and plant extract on Average Daily Gain (ADG) and AMR reduction in Vinh Phuc province (ILRI/National Institute of Veterinary Research, funded by A4NH program) Rational use of AM, reduced AMR, safer food Improve understanding of drug use and strengthen capacity in AMR /AMU surveillance Pig health and health management practices 1 Antibiotic resistance in pigs and antibiotic residues in pork products Effective interventions for improving pig health management 3 Veterinary drug use among pig farmers 2 4 Pig farms, feed mills, abattoirs, veterinarians, etc.

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