Introduction to Livestock and Irrigation Value chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project
Introduction to Livestock and Irrigation Value chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) project Azage Tegegne LIVES Project Launch Workshop Addis Ababa, 22 January 2013
LIVES Project• An ILRI project implemented with IWMI, MoA and EIAR in partnership with Amhara, Tigray, Oromia and SNNP Regional States• Supported by a our development partner – Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)• Focuses on high value, market-oriented and challenging livestock and irrigated crops
Livestock and Irrigated Agriculture in Ethiopia
Potential and experiences in irrigated agriculture in EthiopiaTotal 2,010,322 ha
Current irrigation and ` potential for developmentYear (EC) Total irrigated area (ha)1991 176,0151998 197,250 only improved schemes 625,819 (including traditional)2004 250,613Source: MoWaE, 2013; Atinafie, 2007; MoARD
WHY LIVES?• In line with GoE priorities for agriculture–led industrialization• In line with the GTP and AGP and other programs of the GoE• Livestock and irrigated agriculture are high value commodities with huge potential and promise to transform smallholders from subsistence to market- orientation• Piloting for learning and scaling up
What is special about LIVES?• A unique model for partnerships between CGIAR centers, MoA, NARS and development institutions to work on developmental outcomes• Helps to integrate high value irrigated crops and livestock production for system intensification• Provides opportunity for testing and developing irrigated fodder production• Creates a chance to improve water use efficiency• A model for enhanced nutrient management and cycling system through use of manure for horticultural crops• A platform to test water governance through water users associations
LIVES – Goal and Ultimate OutcomeGoal• To contribute to enhanced income and gender equitable wealth creation for smallholders and other value chains actors through increased and sustained market-off-take of high value livestock and irrigated crop commodities.Ultimate Outcome• Increased economic well-being for male and female smallholder producers in 30 districts in 10 target Zones in Amhara, Oromia, Tigray, and SNNPR through the development of livestock and irrigated value chains
Intermediate Outcomes• Increased use of improved knowledge and capacity by male and female livestock and irrigated agriculture value chains and service providers to develop gender sensitive and environmentally friendly sustainable market- oriented livestock and irrigated value chains.• Increased adoption of gender sensitive and environmentally sustainable market-oriented value chain interventions by male and female livestock and irrigated agriculture value chain actors and service providers.
LIVES Objectives• Introduction/adaptation of tested and new value chain interventions for targeted value chains/areas (value chain development)• Capacity development of value chain actors, service providers and educational institutions (capacity development)• Introduction/adaptation of tested and new knowledge management interventions in support of value chain development (knowledge management)• Generation and documentation of new knowledge on value chain interventions through diagnosis, action and impact research studies (action research)• Promotion of knowledge generated for scaling out beyond the project areas (promotion for scaling out)
Project FocusParticipatory selection of commodities and ZonesCommodities:• Livestock (dairy, beef, sheep and goats, poultry, apiculture) and high value irrigated crops (vegetables, fruits, fodder)Geographical:• Ten (10) zones with clusters of Districts producing selected commodities
Priority commodity value chains and their zonal location in the four LIVES RegionsBeef – 3; Dairy 9; Shoats 7; Poultry5; Apiculture 4; irrigation 10
Direct value chain beneficiaries -LIVES Input Output Traders/ Producers/ Producers Processors Supplier s POLICY Research Education Public Support Services
Indirect beneficiaries• Producers and service providers in AGP, HABP, PSNP programs through (joint) capacity development, field visits, learning events.• Producers and service providers in adjoining districts which form part of natural clusters – milk shed, irrigation schemes and watersheds through learning events, capacity development and field visits.
Commodity Value Chain Development – a continuous process… A Long VC G AG - AgribusinessFed/Reg A F - Farmer G Short VC A A A A G G G G District F F F F D1 D1 D2 D3 IPMS LIVES
What are the possible interventions?• Technological: eg. seeds, animal genetics, drugs, fertilizers, pumps, e-readers, computers• Organizational: eg. organizational forms (public, private, individual, cooperative, government, PLCs)• Institutional: eg. rules & regulations, behavior, linkages
Capacity DevelopmentStrengthening capacity public sector staff throughMSc/BSc educationIn service training based on TOT/BDS approach: regional –zone/district (eg) Rapid value chain assessment for potential interventions -teams Participatory market oriented extension – extension staff Gender mainstreaming – extension staff Knowledge management – extension staff Results based monitoring – specialist staff Irrigation technologies – specialist staff Irrigated crop value chain development – specialist staff Livestock value chain development – specialist staff
Knowledge ManagementFederal level Strengthening EAP National learning events/conferences Video production e-extensionRegional/zonal/District level Knowledge center development Learning events/conferences/workshops Study tours Exhibitions Field days New IT technologies
Research LIVES Rapid assessment of value chains and public support servicesValue chain interventions on supply/production Knowledge Mngt andof inputs, production/processing/marketing of capacity developmentoutputs interventions Learning Learning Diagnosis Action Impact RESEARCH/STUDIES
Promotion for scaling up• Facilitate project visits by key policy makers and donors• Participation in government/non- government national, regional learning platforms, conferences and workshops• Use of mass media• Publications• Newsletters• Promotional materials• Leveraging new investment into value chain development.
Cross-cutting IssuesIn both livestock and irrigated agriculture – Gender – Environment