Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Integrating the unusual (livestock and ???)


Published on

Invited presentation prepared by Don Peden for the first CPWF International Forum on Water and Food, Vientiane, Laos, November 8-15, 2006.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Integrating the unusual (livestock and ???)

  1. 1. Integrating the unusual<br />Don Peden<br />Invited presentation to<br />The first CPWF International Forum on Water and Food<br />Vientiane, Laos <br />[8-15 November, 2006]<br />
  2. 2. INTEGRATING THE UNUSUAL:(Livestock and ???)Session 10: Thinking out of the pool, a trans-disciplinary approach<br />Perception differ: <br />What do you see?<br />Artist unknown<br />
  3. 3. Purpose<br />Explore new perspectives and ways of working.<br />Capture novel ideas based on CPWF and related experiences.<br />Identify practical applications of these ideas to advance the CPWF process.<br />Consider important development opportunities (policies, technologies, behaviours, etc.) and research gaps.<br />But first, some examples…..<br />
  4. 4. Did you know?<br /> Pastoralists in Sudan practice water harvesting by growing water melons for livestock feed and drink.<br />Photos: Ahmed El-Wakeel<br />
  5. 5. Did you know?<br /><ul><li>Cryptosporidium in domestic water may hasten the onset of AIDS in HIV infected people?</li></ul>Source: livestock with access to domestic water.<br />Vegetative buffer zone & drinking troughs decrease risk to people.<br />
  6. 6. Did you know?<br /> Pastoralists in Sudan use Baobab trees to store water for use in the dry season.<br />
  7. 7. Do you know…<br />… if water lilies enhance or reduce evaporation from ponds?<br /><ul><li>A question from livestock keepers in Uganda</li></li></ul><li>Transdisciplinarity<br />The Blind Men and the Elephant<br />A Hindu fable by John Godfrey Saxe from Elephants ancient and modern by FC Sillar and RM Meyler. <br />Note: ``The Blind Men and the Elephant'' occurs in the Udana, a Canonical Hindu Scripture. <br />It was six men of IndostanTo learning much inclined,Who went to see the Elephant(Though all of them were blind),That each by observationMight satisfy his mind. <br />
  8. 8. The Blind Men and the Elephant (cont’d)<br />The First approached the Elephant,And happening to fallAgainst his broad and sturdy side,At once began to bawl:`God bless me! but the ElephantIs very like a wall!'<br />The Second, feeling of the tusk,Cried, `Ho! what have we hereSo very round and smooth and sharp?To me 'tis mighty clearThis wonder of an ElephantIs very like a spear!' <br />
  9. 9. The Blind Men and the Elephant (cont’d)<br />The Third approached the animal,And happening to takeThe squirming trunk within his hands,Thus boldly up and spake:`I see,' quoth he, `the ElephantIs very like a snake.‘<br />The Fourth reached out his eager hand,And felt about the knee.`What most this wondrous beast is likeIs mighty plain,' quoth he;`'Tis clear enough the ElephantIs very like a tree!' <br />
  10. 10. The Blind Men and the Elephant (cont’d)<br />The Fifth who chanced to touch the ear,Said: `E'en the blindest manCan tell what this resembles most:Deny the fact who can,This marvel of an ElephantIs very like a fan!' <br />The Sixth no sooner had begunAbout the beast to grope,Than, seizing on the swinging tailThat fell within his scope,`I see,' quoth he, `the ElephantIs very like a rope!' <br />
  11. 11. The Blind Men and the Elephant (cont’d)<br />And so these men of IndostanDisputed loud and long,Each in his own opinionExceeding stiff and strong,Though each was partly in the right,And all were in the wrong! <br />So, oft in theologic wars,The disputants, I ween,Rail on in utter ignoranceOf what each other mean,And prate about an ElephantNot one of them has seen!<br />
  12. 12. The Blind Men and the Elephant (cont’d)<br />O how they cling and wrangle, some who claim <br />For preacher and cleric the honored name!<br />For quarreling, each to his view they cling.<br />Such folk see only one side of a thing.<br />
  13. 13. Toward Transdisciplinarity<br />We have moved beyond mono-disciplinarity: <br />One research discipline working in isolation. <br />We have almost moved beyond multi-disciplinarity: <br />Several disciplines collaborate in 1 research program.<br />Concepts, methods & synthesis not integrated. <br />We now need to reach beyond inter-disciplinarity:<br />Several disciplines collaborate in 1 research program.<br />Concepts, methods & synthesis explicitly integrated.<br />Mutual enrichment. <br />
  14. 14. Transdisciplinarity: A new way of thinking<br />Evolved from inter-disciplinarity.<br />Responds to increasing societal demand for relevance and applicability of academic research.<br />Transcends component disciplines.<br />Integrates bio-physical & socio-economic sciences AND non-scientific sources of knowledge.<br />Partners identify both problems and find solutions.<br />Mutual participatory learning.<br />Expect counter-intuitive and non-linear systems behaviour.<br />This forum is an experiment in transdisciplinarity.<br />
  15. 15. Nakasongola, Uganda:An agro-ecosystem trapped in degradation<br />Termites:<br /> Destroy vegetation.<br /> More run-off, flooding &<br /> evaporation.<br /> Less transpiration.<br />
  16. 16. Nakasongola, Uganda:An agro-ecosystem trapped in degradation<br />Without vegetation:<br /> Bare clay soils expand with onset of rains.<br /> Sealing soil surface & preventing infiltration.<br /> Causing down-slope flooding & sedimentation.<br /> Reducing water productivity.<br /> Preventing ecosystem<br /> recovery.<br /> Needs transdisciplinary &/or<br /> systems solution.<br />
  17. 17. A key CA message:[An example of the unusual]<br /> Integrating livestock into investments in agricultural water management can increase sustainability and returns on that investment.<br />
  18. 18. Your turn! From diversity to trans-disciplinarity<br />You are the key to identifying problems & solutions to them!<br />Let’s explore novel options and issues!<br />