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ILRI’s Future in the Emerging Global Context <br />What are the critical outcomes that ILRI should deliver in the next 5 t...
Presentation Outline<br />The changing global context<br />ILRI’s continuing response & deliverables<br />A bit about me<b...
The Global Context for Livestock<br />Global Challenges<br />Livestock Domains<br />Feeding the world <br />Climate change...
Feeding the World<br />2.5b and 70% more food by 2050<br />80% from increased productivity<br />Major role for livestock p...
Feeding the World  & REDUCING POVERTY<br />Livelihood for 1 billion people<br />75% of the world’s poor involved in livest...
Climate Change<br />Impact on poor people’s livestock systems<br />Cut emissions by 2/3 in 25 years –2 degree track<br />L...
US Dairy: Environmental Indicators<br />1944 compared with 2007<br />(per billion kg milk)<br />Source: J.L. Capper, R.A. ...
Globalization<br />Winners and losers<br />Distortions in trade and subsidy policies<br />Smallholder competitiveness<br /...
9<br />Costs of selected zoonotic disease outbreaks <br />(1986-2009, $ billion)<br />
Livestock losses by species<br />Zoonoses<br />Non-Zoonoses<br />Total loss:<br /> 382‘886  LSUs<br />Total loss:<br />379...
HOW SHOULD ILRI CONTINUE TO RESPOND?<br />
CGIAR’s Research for Development Agenda<br />
The New CGIAR Structure<br />Global Conference On Agricultural Research For Development (GCARD)<br />Oversight<br />Consor...
ILRI’s POSTURE in CGIAR Research programs<br />Major Player<br /><ul><li>CRP 3.7 -Sustainable food productivity increase f...
   CRP 4 –Agriculture for improved Nutrition and Health (IFPRI, ILRI)
  CRP 7 –Climate Change (CIAT, ILRI, IITA, ICARDA, ICRISAT, CIP)</li></ul>Minor player<br /><ul><li>   CRP2 -Policies and ...
   CRP 3.5 -Grain Legumes for enhanced food and feed security (ICRISAT)
   CRP1.1 -Integrated agriculture in dry areas (ICARDA)
   CRP5 -Water scarcity and land degradation (IWMI)
  CRP 3.6 –Dryland Cereals (ICRISAT)</li></li></ul><li>ILRI’s Research for Development Agenda<br />
Annual funding to Livestock in the cgiar in  10 years time<br />More Realistic: 20% share<br />Aspiration: 40% share<br />
What Comes out of the Hopper: Decision-making criteria<br />
What would ILRI deliver in next 5-10 years?<br />Poverty, and food and nutritional security<br />Technologies and institut...
What would ILRI deliver in next 5-10 years?<br />Reduce risk to livestock and human health<br />Vaccines, diagnostics and ...
What would ILRI deliver in next 5-10 years?<br />Environmental sustainability<br />Promote Climate Smart Livestock Systems...
What should ILRI deliver?<br />
How Should ILRI work within CGIAR <br />Upstream research response  GPGs<br />Anchored in smallholder  realities<br />Lev...
How should ILRI work internally<br />Stable, longer-term funding<br />How to measure impact of Livestock research<br />Get...
So Why Jimmy Smith?<br />
Familiarity with primary constituencies<br /><ul><li>Raised on a small farm with mixed crop-livestock system
Clear understanding of NARS, CGIAR, and Regional partner relationships
Served in the CGIAR
Have been a bi-lateral Donor
Agriculture from $50m to $350m annually
      CGIAR from $17m to $46m
Serving within a co-sponsor – World Bank
      Livestock from $200m to $1.5b
      Worked with others to protect investments in the CGIAR</li></ul>25<br />
PARTING WORDS<br />Congratulations to Carlos and the Team<br />Attention to Agriculture -Perhaps a once in a lifetime<br /...
THANK YOU<br />
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ILRI’s Future in the Emerging Global Context: What are the critical outcomes that ILRI should deliver in the next 5 to 10 years?

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A presentation by James W. Smith,Nairobi, Kenya, 11 April 2011.

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ILRI’s Future in the Emerging Global Context: What are the critical outcomes that ILRI should deliver in the next 5 to 10 years?

  1. 1. ILRI’s Future in the Emerging Global Context <br />What are the critical outcomes that ILRI should deliver in the next 5 to 10 years?<br />Jimmy W. Smith<br />April 11th 2011<br />Nairobi, Kenya<br />
  2. 2. Presentation Outline<br />The changing global context<br />ILRI’s continuing response & deliverables<br />A bit about me<br />
  3. 3. The Global Context for Livestock<br />Global Challenges<br />Livestock Domains<br />Feeding the world <br />Climate change <br />Globalization<br />
  4. 4. Feeding the World<br />2.5b and 70% more food by 2050<br />80% from increased productivity<br />Major role for livestock products<br />Steadily increasing demand<br />26% of all protein<br />Micronutrients <br />But the role of <br /> livestock is often <br /> not recognized<br />
  5. 5. Feeding the World & REDUCING POVERTY<br />Livelihood for 1 billion people<br />75% of the world’s poor involved in livestock <br /> rearing or trading --<br />a high proportion <br /> of them are women<br />
  6. 6. Climate Change<br />Impact on poor people’s livestock systems<br />Cut emissions by 2/3 in 25 years –2 degree track<br />Livestock part of the problem <br />18 % of GHG emissions<br />Livestock part of the solution <br />soil carbon<br />Increasing productivity --contributing to two goals<br />
  7. 7. US Dairy: Environmental Indicators<br />1944 compared with 2007<br />(per billion kg milk)<br />Source: J.L. Capper, R.A. Cady and D.E. Bauman, Journal of Animal Science, 2009. 87:2160-2167<br />
  8. 8. Globalization<br />Winners and losers<br />Distortions in trade and subsidy policies<br />Smallholder competitiveness<br />Zoonotics --movement of people and goods <br />Land ownership <br /> changes<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Costs of selected zoonotic disease outbreaks <br />(1986-2009, $ billion)<br />
  10. 10. Livestock losses by species<br />Zoonoses<br />Non-Zoonoses<br />Total loss:<br /> 382‘886 LSUs<br />Total loss:<br />379‘327 LSUs<br />Source: SAFOSO <br />10<br />
  11. 11. HOW SHOULD ILRI CONTINUE TO RESPOND?<br />
  12. 12. CGIAR’s Research for Development Agenda<br />
  13. 13. The New CGIAR Structure<br />Global Conference On Agricultural Research For Development (GCARD)<br />Oversight<br />Consortium<br />Fund<br />Strategy and Results Framework<br />Funders’ Forum<br />Board<br />Management Layer<br />Independent Science and Partnership Council<br />Donor Contributions<br />Research Centers<br />Fund Council<br />Performance Agreements<br />ConsortiumOffice<br />Fund Office<br />Bilateral Project Financing<br />
  14. 14. ILRI’s POSTURE in CGIAR Research programs<br />Major Player<br /><ul><li>CRP 3.7 -Sustainable food productivity increase for global food security: livestock and fish (ILRI, World Fish)
  15. 15. CRP 4 –Agriculture for improved Nutrition and Health (IFPRI, ILRI)
  16. 16. CRP 7 –Climate Change (CIAT, ILRI, IITA, ICARDA, ICRISAT, CIP)</li></ul>Minor player<br /><ul><li> CRP2 -Policies and institutions (IFPRI)
  17. 17. CRP 3.5 -Grain Legumes for enhanced food and feed security (ICRISAT)
  18. 18. CRP1.1 -Integrated agriculture in dry areas (ICARDA)
  19. 19. CRP5 -Water scarcity and land degradation (IWMI)
  20. 20. CRP 3.6 –Dryland Cereals (ICRISAT)</li></li></ul><li>ILRI’s Research for Development Agenda<br />
  21. 21. Annual funding to Livestock in the cgiar in 10 years time<br />More Realistic: 20% share<br />Aspiration: 40% share<br />
  22. 22. What Comes out of the Hopper: Decision-making criteria<br />
  23. 23. What would ILRI deliver in next 5-10 years?<br />Poverty, and food and nutritional security<br />Technologies and institutions to link smallholder to markets nationally and internationally<br />Safer livestock products<br />Gender to the top of the agenda<br />close the attainment gap between male and female headed farms, and 100 million fewer people will be hungry. FAO State of Food and Agriculture 2010 <br />
  24. 24. What would ILRI deliver in next 5-10 years?<br />Reduce risk to livestock and human health<br />Vaccines, diagnostics and institutional options to protect the assets of the poor<br />Advance the One Health approach to attain better animal-human-ecosystems health outcomes<br />Continue to leverage BecA to contribute to livestock productivity, conservation and adaptation, as well as to animal health<br />
  25. 25. What would ILRI deliver in next 5-10 years?<br />Environmental sustainability<br />Promote Climate Smart Livestock Systems <br />Technologies that demonstrate sustainable increase in resource use efficiency, reduce the carbon foot print and build resilience <br />Bring rangelands (especially pastoral systems) into Payment for Environmental Services schemes<br />
  26. 26. What should ILRI deliver?<br />
  27. 27. How Should ILRI work within CGIAR <br />Upstream research response  GPGs<br />Anchored in smallholder realities<br />Leverage relationships within the CRPs and beyond<br />Strengthen links between science and international development <br />Revitalize training as part of the research approach <br />Strategic partnerships to leverage the work of public, private, and civic sectors<br />Attain wider impacts and outcomes<br />22<br />
  28. 28. How should ILRI work internally<br />Stable, longer-term funding<br />How to measure impact of Livestock research<br />Get more livestock in the next CGIAR strategy<br />Continuing education for staff, maintain competitive edge<br />Capacity building for <br />Team work<br />Partnership management<br />Negotiation<br />Results-based management<br />
  29. 29. So Why Jimmy Smith?<br />
  30. 30. Familiarity with primary constituencies<br /><ul><li>Raised on a small farm with mixed crop-livestock system
  31. 31. Clear understanding of NARS, CGIAR, and Regional partner relationships
  32. 32. Served in the CGIAR
  33. 33. Have been a bi-lateral Donor
  34. 34. Agriculture from $50m to $350m annually
  35. 35. CGIAR from $17m to $46m
  36. 36. Serving within a co-sponsor – World Bank
  37. 37. Livestock from $200m to $1.5b
  38. 38. Worked with others to protect investments in the CGIAR</li></ul>25<br />
  39. 39. PARTING WORDS<br />Congratulations to Carlos and the Team<br />Attention to Agriculture -Perhaps a once in a lifetime<br />Move Livestock up the global agenda<br />Mobilize resources to respond at scale<br />Build Partnerships to leverage investments, facilitate uptake and expand our influence. <br />
  40. 40. THANK YOU<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42. Relevant experience<br />Technical and management education<br />Diploma in Tropical Ag., Ph.D in Animal Science and MBA equivalent<br />Private and public sector experience<br />Worked at national, regional and international levels<br />Bilateral and multilateral experience as a donor <br />Worked in or for all developing regions of the world<br />
  43. 43. FUNDING: A MAJOR CHALLENGE<br />Strengthen priority setting, monitoring and evaluation<br />An integrated strategy<br />IMPACT<br />DG<br />DISSEMINATION<br />RESEARCH<br />FUND RAISING<br /><ul><li>Non traditional investors: Gates, Google, etc
  44. 44. Private sector : Walmart, Mc Donalds, Nestle
  45. 45. Advocates: Jim Wolfensohn, CEOs of major companies</li></li></ul><li>
  46. 46. Gains in meat consumption in developing countries clearly outpaces that of developed countries<br />Developing<br />Developed<br />
  47. 47. Gains in meat consumption in developing countries clearly outpaces that of developed countries<br />Developing<br />Developed<br />
  48. 48. One Health Approach: the concept<br />CLIMATE<br />Ecosphere<br />Zoosphere<br />Humans<br />One Health<br />Domestic Animals<br />Wildlife<br />ECOSYSTEM SERVICES<br />
  49. 49. Poor households hardest hit – income effect of backyard poultry sales ban in Vietnam<br />
  50. 50. The Mitigation Challenge<br />Implications for GHG Emission<br />Chemical N. fert. Product.<br />On-farm fossil fuel<br />Deforestation<br />OM release from ag. soils<br />Pasture degradation<br />Processing fossil fuel<br />Transport fossil fuel<br />Enteric fermentation<br />Manure storage/processing<br />N fertilization<br />Legume production<br />Manure storage/processing<br />Manure spreading<br />Manure indirect emissions<br />N2O<br />Manure 25%<br />Deforestation34%<br />CO2<br />Enteric fermentation26%<br />CH4<br />
  51. 51. Disease reporting delay-cost of control relationships<br />Cost of control outbreak<br />Exposure in humans<br />Exposure in animals<br />Clinical signs in humans<br />Clinical signs in animals<br />Humans seek medical care<br />Adapted from IOM (2009)<br />37<br />
  52. 52. Livestock and Food Supply<br />Based on FAOSTAT (2005-07 avg.)<br />
  53. 53. Potential for Increased Effectiveness with One Health Approaches?Months elapsed from first outbreak to start of control measures<br />39<br />Average: 5.8 months<br />
  54. 54. Impact on International Food Prices (2010=100) <br />Average of four GCM, A1, A2 ,B1, B2 Scenarios<br />

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