Better lives through livestock
Global commodity values: on average animal source
foods, five of the top ten
Rice, paddy Meat, pig Milk, whole
Meat, cattle Maize Meat, chicken Wheat Potatoes Eggs, hen, in
Current million USD
(average annual values 2007-2016; animal source foods: USD 830 billion)
% growth in demand for livestock products to 2030
Estimates of the % growth in demand for animal source foods in different World regions, comparing 2005 and 2030.
Estimates were developed using the IMPACT model, courtesy Dolapo Enahoro, ILRI.
Increases not because of overconsumption!
EU average 2016 = 69 kg/capita
SSA average 2016 = 8 kg/capita
Livestock build global and national economies
• The global livestock sector on average makes up 40% of
agricultural gross domestic product (GDP).
• In developing countries, livestock contributions to agricultural
GDP varies greatly, from 15–80%— and is growing.
• It’s estimated that the market value of Africa’s animal-source
foods will grow to some USD151 billion by 2050.
• Varied activities all along the world’s numerous livestock value
chains provide uncommonly large numbers of jobs.
Herrero et al. 2014
Various sources: BMGF, FAO, ILRI
Smallholders still dominate livestock production in
% production by smallholder livestock farms
Milk Pork Eggs
East Africa 60-90
(≤ 6 milking
(< 3ha land)
65 77 78 65 96 77
(< 2ha land)
75 92 92 69 most 71
90 65 80 70
85 41 99 44 64 25
Livestock provide livelihoods
• 70% of the world’s rural poor rely on livestock for important parts of their
• Of the >750 million poor livestock keepers in the world, about two-thirds
are rural women.
• >100 million landless people keep livestock.
• For the vulnerable, up to 40% of benefits from livestock keeping are non-
market, intangible benefits, mostly insurance and financing.
• In the poorest countries, livestock manure is essential for soil fertility
• Many poor people are employed in local informal livestock product
• 90% of animal products are produced and consumed in the same country
• Over 70% of livestock products are sold ‘informally’.
Opportunities and challenges in the livestock sector
Provides food and nutritional security
BUT overconsumption can cause obesity
Powers economic development
BUT equitable development can be a challenge
Improves human health
BUT animal-human/emerging diseases
and unsafe foods need to be addressed
Enhances the environment
BUT pollution, land/water degradation,
GHG emissions and biodiversity losses
must be greatly reduced
Meeting demand in developing economies
Importing livestock products Importing livestock industrial
Transforming smallholder livestock
Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goals
• Livestock contribute to all 17 of the SDGs and directly to at least 8
of the goals.
Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goals
• Livestock contribute indirectly to all 17
of the SDGs and directly to at least 8 of the goals.
• Negative press about, and low investments in, livestock
development jeopardize Agenda 2030.
Total Official Development Assistance disbursements to
developing countries, USD million
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
ODA Agric Livestock
Percentage ODA disbursements for agriculture and
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
agric % ODA Livestock % ODA (without UAE)
ILRI’s mission is
to improve food and nutritional security
and to reduce poverty in developing
countries through research for
efficient, safe and sustainable
use of livestock —
ensuring better lives through livestock.
CGIAR and ILRI mandates
CGIAR on the ground:
15 research centres; over 70 countries
ILRI in CGIAR research programs (‘CRPs’)
*PIM = Policies,
Institutions and Markets
**WLE = Water, Land and
ILRI is also a member of
the cross-cutting gender
4 Global Integrating programs
Excellence in Breeding
Grain legumes and dryland cereals
ILRI’s livestock research: solutions for food and nutritional security,
poverty, environmental and human health
Mitigating climate change, enhancing
resilience and increasing livestock
Sustainable Livestock Systems
Taking livestock solutions to scale for
Impact at Scale
Delivering solutions for livestock, zoonotic
and foodborne diseases
Animal and Human Health
Efficient livestock production driving
inclusive growth and employment
Policies, Institutions & Livelihoods
Improving genetics for better productivity
Accelerating Africa’s agricultural
development through biosciences
Better nutrition for improved animal
Feed and Forage Development
Capacity development; communications; knowledge management
Main campuses: Nairobi,
Kenya and Addis Ababa,
Offices in 14 other
Budget: about US$82 million
Senior scientists from over 30 countries
One third of ILRI staff are women
ILRI resources 2018
Capacity development: capacity to undertake research
Alumni-led Communities of Practice (CoP)
In a typical year:
• 70 research fellows
• 150 graduate (MSc., PhD) fellows
• 50 interns
• 1200 short course trainees
• > 50 journal papers by fellows
This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence.
better lives through livestock
ILRI thanks all donors and organizations who globally supported its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system