Social learning, communication,
engagement and ICT4ag
Peter Ballantyne
ICT4ag International Conference, Kigali, Rwanda
4-8...
• Water, Land, Environment
• Natural resources
• Face complex, wicked
challenges
• Competition, trade-offs,
upstream, down...
Wicked Problems
• The problem is not understood until after a
solution is formulated;
• Stakeholders have different world ...
What we aspire to
Collective Action
• “Like nothing else,
dealing with climate
change calls upon us
to engage in effective
collective decisi...
Collective knowledge
• The challenge is less to
determine ‘a’ solution
• Draw on many
different voices and
‘knowledges’ of...
Research as usual – ask a farmer
What’s your
main problem
Research as usual – ask a farmer
What’s your
main problem

Feed
Research as usual – ask a farmer
What’s your
main problem

I’ll go find
some
technology

Feed
Research as usual – look on the shelf
What feed
technologies have
you got?
Research as usual – look on the shelf
What feed
technologies have
you got?

Planted forage
Urea treated straw
Bypass prote...
Research as usual – look on the shelf
What feed
technologies have
you got?

Planted forage
Urea treated straw
Bypass prote...
Participatory research
• Engages people who
may otherwise be
subjects of research or
recipients of
interventions as corese...
Conventional communication
• Crafts and sends
‘messages’ to
‘target audiences’
• Often one-way
• ‘Push delivery’
systems

...
Participatory communication
• Catalyzes ‘local’
creation,
documentation,
exchange and
dissemination of
knowledge by and of...
Social learning
• Processes in which
people learn
through interacting
with each other
• Since decisions
need to be
collect...
Participatory video
Community
perspectives
Beyond reports

Look and learn
Empowering
Social learning
Participatory radio
‘Happy Strategies’
Hypothesis
Many of our ICT4ag (R4D) approaches
are not as ‘social’ as they could be to
support participatory, collective,
...
Which ICT4ag approaches, tools,
technologies really support
engagement and participation in
development processes?
Social learning, communication, engagement and ICT4ag
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Social learning, communication, engagement and ICT4ag

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Presented by Peter Ballantyne at the ICT4Ag International Conference, Kigali, Rwanda

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Social learning, communication, engagement and ICT4ag

  1. 1. Social learning, communication, engagement and ICT4ag Peter Ballantyne ICT4ag International Conference, Kigali, Rwanda 4-8 November 2013
  2. 2. • Water, Land, Environment • Natural resources • Face complex, wicked challenges • Competition, trade-offs, upstream, downstream, degradation, climate change
  3. 3. Wicked Problems • The problem is not understood until after a solution is formulated; • Stakeholders have different world views and different frames for understanding a problem; • Constraints and resources to solve the problem change over time; • The problem is never solved
  4. 4. What we aspire to
  5. 5. Collective Action • “Like nothing else, dealing with climate change calls upon us to engage in effective collective decision making.”
  6. 6. Collective knowledge • The challenge is less to determine ‘a’ solution • Draw on many different voices and ‘knowledges’ of different stakeholders. • Mediate a course between many perspectives
  7. 7. Research as usual – ask a farmer What’s your main problem
  8. 8. Research as usual – ask a farmer What’s your main problem Feed
  9. 9. Research as usual – ask a farmer What’s your main problem I’ll go find some technology Feed
  10. 10. Research as usual – look on the shelf What feed technologies have you got?
  11. 11. Research as usual – look on the shelf What feed technologies have you got? Planted forage Urea treated straw Bypass protein
  12. 12. Research as usual – look on the shelf What feed technologies have you got? Planted forage Urea treated straw Bypass protein OK, let’s try those
  13. 13. Participatory research • Engages people who may otherwise be subjects of research or recipients of interventions as coresearchers • Places the capacity for generating and using knowledge in the hands of people who are trying to improve their own lives.
  14. 14. Conventional communication • Crafts and sends ‘messages’ to ‘target audiences’ • Often one-way • ‘Push delivery’ systems • Individuals as consumers
  15. 15. Participatory communication • Catalyzes ‘local’ creation, documentation, exchange and dissemination of knowledge by and of communities • Contributes to inclusive decision making processes
  16. 16. Social learning • Processes in which people learn through interacting with each other • Since decisions need to be collective, the learning needs to be collective.
  17. 17. Participatory video Community perspectives Beyond reports Look and learn Empowering Social learning
  18. 18. Participatory radio
  19. 19. ‘Happy Strategies’
  20. 20. Hypothesis Many of our ICT4ag (R4D) approaches are not as ‘social’ as they could be to support participatory, collective, inclusive development processes
  21. 21. Which ICT4ag approaches, tools, technologies really support engagement and participation in development processes?

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