Creating gendered monitoring, evaluation and learning indicators for the Livestock and Fish research program


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Presented by Michael M. Kidoido, Froukje Kruijssen and Alessandra Galie at the Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013

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  • Creating gendered monitoring, evaluation and learning indicators for the Livestock and Fish research program

    1. 1. Creating gendered monitoring, evaluation and learning indicators for the Livestock and Fish research program Michael M. Kidoido, Froukje Kruijssen and Alessandra Galie Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013
    2. 2. Background to L&F Monitoring Evaluation and Learning (MEL)strategy • The Livestock and Fish (L&F) program consists of 6 themes – – – – – – Gender and learning Animal and fish feeds Animal and fish health Animal and fish genetics Targeting theme Value Chain Development • Program Objective “To increase productivity of small‐scale livestock and fish systems so as to increase availability and affordability of meat, milk and fish for poor consumers and, in doing so, to reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along animal source food value chains”
    3. 3. • MEL strategy will include a plan of how L&F MEL activities will be implemented. • It intends to provide a structured system of program monitoring of learning and innovation. • It is based on assumptions drawn from a set of well developed theories of change and impact pathways. • Structured along the 3 phases of the program (research, development, and scale-up) • The framework will include all indicators for tracking progress during these phases.
    4. 4. Research phase (5-8yers): About 10,000 beneficiaries Scale Development phase (8-12 years ): About 200,000 beneficiaries Scaling out phase (18-20 years ): Millions of beneficiaries 3 Phases of L&F MEL framework MORE SCALE Monitoring International Public Goods (IPGs) Impact Evaluation (IDOs) INTERVENTION PHASE IDOs baselines Monitoring IDOs indicators Program management indicators BUILDING THE EVIDENCE BASE Situation Analysis VCAs/Bench marking Ex-Ante/Post Impact Assessments Validating ToC/Impact Pathways assumptions Process monitoring Monitoring progress to the IDOs Best bet testing 5-8 years (progress towards IDOs) 8-12 years (IDOs baselines ) 18 -20 years (SLOs) Monitoring Learning and Evaluation (MEL)
    5. 5. Key questions for integrating gender in the MEL frameworks? • Why and how should we develop these gender indicators? • Which MEL framework will these indicators be part of? • Who will collect, compile and analyze these data?
    6. 6. Why and how? • Make existing IDO indicators gender responsive. • Assess which gender indicators are relevant to theme outputs and outcomes. • Create indicators to show progress towards overall gender equity of outcomes. Based on L&F gender theme impact pathway and program impact pathway. Take into account efficiency and effectiveness of gathering these data.
    7. 7. Which MEL framework will the indicators contribute to? 1. Nested in the L&F program MEL framework – To tracking the effectiveness of the gender strategies. – To inform on whether program IDOs are achieved in a gender responsive manner. • Specific focus will be on how theme strategies are contributing to program overall achievement of program IDOs in a gendered manner. – Include IDO indicators and pre-IDO indicators. 2. The CG M&E reporting requirements
    8. 8. Which MEL framework will gender indicators contribute to?
    9. 9. 1.1 Generic program Impact Pathway(s)
    10. 10. 1.2 Gender theme Impact Pathways Diagram A=Accommodative , T=Transformative
    11. 11. Examples of IDO indicators Program IDOs IDO definition Generic IDO Indicator IDO 1 Increased livestock and fish productivity in small-scale production systems for the target commodities (SLO2 ) Change in yield of target commodity Increased quantity and improved quality of the target commodity supplied equitably from the target small-scale production and marketing systems (SLO2 ) Total per capita production of the target commodity IDO 2 Reduced input requirements (including labour, disaggregated by gender) Improved gender-equity in control of production and utilization of the target commodity at intra-household level and particularly for the most vulnerable groups Increased marketable surplus of the target commodity (to be analyzed in regard to decisions and control of benefits) Increase in quality of the target Animal Source Food (ASF) Pre-IDO indicators • labor efficiency disaggregated by sex
    12. 12. IDO 3 IDO 4 IDO 5 IDO 6 Increased employment and income for low-income actors in the target value chains, with an increased share of employment opportunities for and income controlled by low-income women (SLO1) Increases in total cash/non cash household income (absolute and as share of total) Increases in ownership and control of productive and consumption assets, disaggregated by gender Increase in the share of women reporting controlling of income from value chain participation with in their household Increased employment in the target value chains taking care that the most vulnerable access employment opportunities, disaggregated by sex, age and poverty status Consumption of the target commodity Improved diet diversity (HDDI & IDDI) responsible for filling a larger share of Equitable consumption of target commodity, by the nutrient gap for the poor, gender/vulnerable groups particularly for nutritionally vulnerable populations (women of reproductive age and young children) (SLO3) - CRP 4 Lower environment impacts and higher Nitrogen fluxes in the water due to per unit production of target benefits per unit of commodity commodity in the value chains produced in the target value chains Nitrogen fluxes in the air due to per unit production of target (SLO4) commodity in the value chains Lower emission of GHG per unit of target commodity produced in the value chains Policies (including investments) and Increased number of policies implemented that have been development actors recognize and informed by program outputs support the development of the small- Increased investment in the sector scale production and marketing Increased investment (budget share) and regulatory frameworks systems, and seek to increase the that integrate a gender-equity approach influenced by the participation of women within these program value chains, will contribute to all outcomes at the system level (SLO2)
    13. 13. 1.3 Theme performance indicator tracking (mainly at output and activity level) • We assume that the current log frame provides an elaborate intervention framework for the entire program life span. • Tracking of program activities and outputs as stipulated in the theme log frame. • Mainly for theme’s internal learning.
    14. 14. Gender Research Outputs Outcome -> Impact Indicators “Increased gender capacity within CGIAR, partner organizations, and value chain actors to diagnose and overcome gender based constraints within value chains” Increased frequency and quality of gender integration efforts across the program Output level Gender capacity development strategy and curriculum that provides guidelines and recommendations for engaging partners and building their capacity in gendered value chain analysis, technology development, social marketing and extension Gender strategy Outcome level Number/percentage of projects integrating gender
    15. 15. 2. CG performance monitoring indicators for integration of gender in CRP research • • • Process indicators for integration of gender in CRP 3.7 research Institutional frameworks for integration of gender put in place Transparent tracking of resources for gender research
    16. 16. Stages of the research process Priority setting and problem identification Indicators Number of men and women participating in setting priorities for technology development Level of participation of women and men in evaluation of technologies using innovative approaches Number of women and men accessing improved technologies Effect of improved technologies on women’s and men’s labor, time, and workload Planning Personnel and institutional support Capacity enhancement Outputs Percentage of projects with monitoring and evaluation indicators addressing gender differentiation Whether priority setting for research planning included gender-related criteria Projects’ impact on women’s and men’s access and control of resources Number of scientist and partners trained Gender skills acquired by trained personnel and partners A gender strategy in place to ensure gender concerns in projects Number of training activities attended by men and women Number of women and men trained on improved technologies Number of training courses specifically focusing on women’s technology needs Number of partners using gender related information for decision making Number of reports and policy briefs that are based on gender disaggregated or gender information Change in capacity of partners
    17. 17. Who will track the indicators? • Indicators for program MEL reporting – Outcome and impact assessments instituted by Impact Assessment theme – Individual project M&E activities – scientists through routine research activities • CG reporting requirements – Annual program gender theme reporting requirement – Mainly the gender theme leader in consultation with other theme leaders and scientists
    18. 18. Challenges encountered • Process of defining IDOs at CG level is top down providing little space of the gender group to make changes • Wording of IDOs inflexible • Difficulty of introducing indicators to measure progress in gender equity within existing ‘technical’ indicators
    19. 19. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.