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Gender mainstreaming in agricultural research for development: Experiences from ASARECA


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Presented by Yeshi Chiche at the Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013

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Gender mainstreaming in agricultural research for development: Experiences from ASARECA

  1. 1. Gender mainstreaming in agricultural research for development: Experiences from ASARECA Yeshi Chiche Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, October 14-18, 2013
  2. 2. ASARECA (Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa) An association of 11 Country NARs in the ECA, region
  3. 3. Background  The 11 ASARECA countries cover an area of 8.5 million km2 total population of more than 280 million people and most of these people depend on Agriculture for their livelihood Overall, agriculture accounts for 43 percent of regional GDP  Agriculture is a very important sector in the social and economic development in ECA
  4. 4. ASARECA’s Mission  enhance regional collective action in: agricultural research for development,  extension and  agricultural training and education   promote: economic growth,  fight poverty,  eradicate hunger and  enhance sustainable use of resources in Eastern and Central Africa 
  5. 5. Programmes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Staple Crops High Value Non-staple Priority Crops Livestock and Fisheries Agro-biodiversity and Biotechnology Natural Resource Management and Biodiversity 6. Policy Analysis and Advocacy 7. Knowledge Management and Technology Uptake 8. East African Agricultural Productivity Program
  6. 6. Technical support units 1. Partnerships and Capacity Development (PCD) 2. Information & communication (ICU) 3. Information technology(ICT) 4. Monitoring and Evaluation 5. Gender mainstreaming 6. Environmental and Social Safeguards
  7. 7. Staff complement (Source ASARECA June HR, 2013) 25 20 15 Female Male 10 5 0 40 19 National Regional
  8. 8. Gender mainstreaming in ASARECA Steps in progress ECAPAPA (1996-2003) GM for enhancing efficiency (2004 -2006) Planning stage (2007 – 2008) Operational stage (2009 – 2012) Gender mainstreami ng unit (2013)
  9. 9. Identifying Regional Priorities
  10. 10. Stakeholder priorities Themes 1. Developing Institutional Mechanisms for GM at ASARECA and Member Institutions 2. Integrating Gender in Programmes and Projects 3. Building Capacity in Gender Mainstreaming at ASARECA and NARS Sub-Theme 1.1 Develop a gender policy of ASARECA 1.2 Support the NARS to establish systems for gender mainstreaming 2.1 Develop and implement gender responsive projects 2.2 Integrate gender participatory methodologies in problem identification, priority setting, intervention options, implementation and dissemination of technologies 2.3 Conduct gender analysis at every stage of technology development, dissemination and adoption 2.4 Assess the impact of gender mainstreaming in ASARECA and NARS 3.1 Develop technical capacity 3.2 Develop capacity for gender impact assessment mechanisms for mindset and attitude change Wtd Scores 23.36 Priority Ranking 6 26.67 4 27.84 3 29.25 2 25.55 5 20.44 30.53 8 1 21.58 7
  11. 11. Committing to “Walk the Talk” Gender audit at Secretariat SWOT Analysis of GM in ECA Ag. Research Stakeholder ranking of GM in Ag. Research priorities Developing the Strategy Implementing the strategy
  12. 12. ASARECA GM Goal The overall goal of the Gender Mainstreaming Strategy is to:  ensure that ASARECA achieves gender responsiveness at all levels of institutional frameworks and all stages of design, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the regional agricultural research agenda 11/11/2013 12
  13. 13. GM Objectives The strategy identifies four strategic objectives for the period 2011 – 2015 which are: To develop a better understanding of gender amongst the NARS and key partners To influence the development of gender responsive policies in government and donor organizations To secure adequate and equitable allocation of resources for gender mainstreaming To institutionalize ASARECA 11/11/2013 gender mainstreaming 13 in
  14. 14. GM Guiding Principles 1. Addressing gender issues is a pre-requisite for a successful agricultural research agenda 1. The responsibility of gender mainstreaming lies at the highest policy and technical levels of the organisation 1. Systematic use of gender analysis and gender disaggregated data (GDD) in research processes 1. Equal participation of women and men in decision making at all levels of the organisation 1. Monitoring and evaluation of gender mainstreaming shall constitute part of management performance indicators 11/11/2013 14
  15. 15. ASARECA GM Strategy GM Thematic Area I Developing institutional mechanisms for GM Key Actions Develop an ECA regional gender policy Provide a regional platform for the exchange of experiences and practices through a GM working group Support the NARS and implementing partners to develop and sustain systems for GM
  16. 16. ASARECA GM Strategy … GM Thematic Area II Integrating gender aspect into programmes/projects Key Actions Building capacity in gender analysis and GM for researchers and managers of NARS Facilitating the integration of gender into mechanisms and methodologies of ASARECA’s programmes and projects
  17. 17. Highlights of the progress Capacity building Gender mainstreaming policy Engendering research cycle Networking and building partnership
  18. 18. Example on capacity development COUNTRIES TITLE NUMBER OF PARTICIPANT W Secretariat Concepts, approaches, and data collection tools UGANDA M 27 33 Gender mainstreaming, action planning 35 RWAND, DRC, Opportunite egale pour un Development Aricole Juste et Durable” BRUNDI 28 34 MADAGASCAR Opportunite egale pour un Development Aricole Juste et Durable” 13 15 ETHIOPIA Concepts and opportunities, tools skills in GM 15 45 KENYA Gender mainstreaming, action planning 25 13 TANZANIA Gender mainstreaming in agricultural research 22 15
  19. 19. ASARECA Staff Gender Disaggregated Data Training at Field level Page 19
  20. 20. Madagascar Gender Training
  21. 21. Highlights of the progress Providing technical backstopping in proposal and research tools development  review of project documents for gender responsiveness requires follow-up and monitoring  Data colleting tools (survey questions) and approaches (methodologies) have been engendered  Needs to be standardized and obligatory across the member countries
  22. 22. Highlights of the progress gender focal person identified Consultative meeting organized ToR for gender focal person reviewed and approved by the group to be approved by BoD Checklist for gender mainstreaming reviewed and shared needs to be adjusted for different field of activities Regional gender mainstreaming net work established Needs to more functional and effective
  23. 23. Overview of progress Regional gender mainstreaming policy is being developed Provide coherent set of guideline to ensure gender responsiveness in all planned actions and its implementations Will be validated in November Uganda 8th 2013 Entebbe
  24. 24. Overview of progress Regional gender mainstreaming platform established for exchanging experiences and effective practices through GM working group  Gender focal persons identified and joint planning workshop was held  Country action plan developed  Focus areas identified
  25. 25. Focus areas Capacity development Generating information Institutional assessment Sufficient fund write shop (November 5 – 7), 2013
  26. 26. Way forward Ensure that project implementers are aware about relevance of gender mainstreaming in agricultural research Ensure that project implementers have clear idea and better understanding about when and how Gender experts should be consulted at all stages of project cycle and organize gender training Organize forum for awareness raising and learning about tools for the field
  27. 27. Way forward Carry out the baseline survey to know how livelihood is maintained in production of goods and services Who does what when and how (value chain players) Production and consumption patterns Post harvest management Economic and social factors affecting production and how is it different for women and men
  28. 28. Gender Mainstreaming Activities Implementing Strategy Secretariat GM Capacity Communication & Advocacy Engender all ASARECA templates, guidelines, frameworks – gender policy Engendering research cycle Gender disaggregated data Internal forum for equal opportunity & wellbeing in organization Capacity building Support M&E Information & Knowledge sharing Regional GM consultation platform ToT Programmes Gender responsive planning & reporting Manuals, mentoring, need based training
  29. 29. T H A N K Y O U