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Approaches to strengthen the capacity to integrate gender in agricultural research programs


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Presented by Annet A. Mulema at the EthioRice Gender Seminar: Gender and Rice Research, EIAR, Addis Ababa, 12 December 2017
Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research,

Published in: Science
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Approaches to strengthen the capacity to integrate gender in agricultural research programs

  1. 1. Approaches to strengthen the capacity to integrate gender in agricultural research programs Annet A. Mulema EthioRice Gender Seminar: Gender and Rice Research, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, 12 December 2017
  2. 2. Value chain countries for the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish (CRP L&F)
  3. 3. Introduction • The CRP L&F has a clearly articulated and positioned gender strategy, • The strategy combines strategic and integrated gender research, • The gender strategy defines clear gender equality outcomes • The capacity of CG staff and partners is key to engaging with gender constraints in value chains
  4. 4. The gender capacity development initiatives • Felt need to further integrate gender into the programming and implementation of CRP L&F • Specifically in the technical flagships and the value chain development approaches. • Technical flagships – breeding, feeds and forages, animal health, environment • Gender initiatives commenced in 2015
  5. 5. Gender capacity development trajectories for CG staff
  6. 6. Gender capacity development trajectories for CG staff • The trajectory on gender integration combines tailor-made capacity development through • Training, • Coaching • Action learning with knowledge generation and documentation • Gender fund - Call for proposals (16 projects)
  7. 7. 1. Kick-off workshop • Support participants in making gender analysis of their technical and value chain development approaches, • Elaborate gender accommodative as well as transformative approaches, • Initiate development of tools and interventions on gender, and • Identifying indicators for monitoring and evaluation
  8. 8. 2. Continued capacity development through coaching • Workshop participants offered mentoring and coaching on-site or from a distance. • Technical support from 3 gender experts at the Dutch Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) • Technical support from CG gender experts in different centres • Duration of projects: one year
  9. 9. 3. Action-learning and case documentation • A selected number of innovative value chain gender interventions and activities were selected for documentation • Identified possible innovations in the VC’s that will increase gender equity. • Documentation of success stories
  10. 10. Outcomes Non-gender scientists appreciated the importance of integrating gender in research Changing attitudes: women and men’s knowledge of small ruminants’ health in Ethiopia – YouTube Sitting together: how to analyse technical data with a gender perspective – YouTube Disaggregating data: the only way to answer a gender question in research - YouTube
  11. 11. Gender capacity development of non-CGIAR research and development partners
  12. 12. 1. Gender capacity assessment of CRP L&F partners • Identifies gender capacity gaps in a project, program, organization and along the value chains • Establishes baselines and indicators for capturing learning, monitoring, and evaluating progress in capacity development • Provides a starting point for the formulation of a gender capacity development response strategy
  13. 13. Two-dimensional framework for gender Capacity Assessment (CA)
  14. 14. Three levels of analysis gender capacities National policies, rules and legislation, regulations, power relations and social norms Internal policies, arrangements, procedures and frameworks allowing an organization to operate and deliver on its mandate Skills, experience, knowledge, leadership and motivation of people
  15. 15. Three tools used to assess gender capacity FGD and questionnaire for organizations 1 Key informant interviews for enabling environment 3 Questionnaires for individual staff members 2  Facilitated self assessment  Management and key staff of the organization  Assessment was made for each partner organization individually  Step by step, core gender capacity, discussion and clarification  Scoring on parameters and detailed questions for both quantitative and qualitative data  Scoring on parameters and optional comments  Prioritizing capacities for CD  Print out forms or google forms  After FGD with organizations  For gender experts who have substantial experience and strong knowledge about national policies related to gender  Group based interview  No scoring
  16. 16. Scoring The existing and desired capacities are scored using a scale of 1 to 5 as explained below; 1= Very Low: No evidence or only anecdotal evidence of the gender capacity 2= Low: Gender capacity exists but has not been developed 3= Medium: Gender capacity exists and is under development or partially developed 4= High: Gender capacity exists, is widespread, but not comprehensive, further development is planned or needed 5= Very High: Gender capacity exists and is fully developed and integrated into the organization – no more capacity development needed
  17. 17. Institutions assessed • Areka Agriculture Research Centre • Doyogena Woreda Office of Agriculture • Yabello Dryland and Pastoral Agricultural Research Centre, • Yabello Woreda Office of Pastoralist Development, • Bako Agricultural Research Centre • Horro Woreda Office of Agriculture
  18. 18. Gender capacities of research and development partners in Ethiopia
  19. 19. 2. Feedback and development of action plans with partners • Share results and discuss interventions with partners who participated in the assessment • Prioritization of gender capacities to strengthen • Develop action plans and M&E framework • Formation of the gender research committee for each organization
  20. 20. 2. Designing the tailor made gender capacity development strategy • Gender capacity development manual with four modules • Each module has one training workshop, coaching, experimentation (field work); • Participants pack with concepts, methodologies, tools • Resources on USB / drop box
  21. 21. Modules Module 1: Gendered value chain analysis • Overview and practical use of analytical tools for gender and value chain analysis (Nov 7-9, 2016) Module 2: Strategy development • development of gender responsive approaches and programmatic gender mainstreaming strategies (Oct 23-27 2017)
  22. 22. Module…. Module 3: Gender responsive organizations (Oct 23-27, 2017) • Understanding gender dynamics in the organization and implementing actions towards a more gender responsive organization • Sustaining capacities at organizational level Module 4: Monitoring and documentation (Oct 23-27, 2017) • Design and use of gender sensitive monitoring systems • Developing gender sensitive indicators • Documenting gender responsive approaches • The use of sex-disaggregated data • Certificates awarded to those who implement the action plans
  23. 23. Training workshops • Organized for partners assessed • Use multiple training approaches • Power point presentations • Case study analysis • Videos • Group discussions • Role plays • Games • Pictures
  24. 24. Pictures from previous trainings
  25. 25. Pictures of the recent training
  26. 26. Experimentation • Participants practically apply the acquired knowledge and skills before closure of the workshop • Participants implement their action plans upon return and document success/challenges
  27. 27. Coaching and mentoring • Consultative meetings (physical, telephone, email) • The first round was not very successful due to funding shortages
  28. 28. Measuring outcomes • Conduct pre and post workshop assessments to measure change in knowledge • Partners share their outcomes • Document success stories • Success stories from module 1 are yet to be published • Plan to conduct a midline study next year
  29. 29. Challenges • Staff turnover which interferes with continuity • Budget shortages which limits implementation of planned activities • Low commitment from leadership to support gender integration • Migration of pastoralists
  30. 30. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. better lives through livestock ILRI thanks all donors and organizations who globally supported its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system