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Senegal Dairy Genetics /
Sénégal Génétique Laitière
Karen Marshall
FoodAfrica Annual Workshop, Kampala, Uganda, 27-28 Janu...
Work package partners & objectives
ILRI, EISMV, HU, MTT, project farmers
To identify and promote utilisation of
the most a...
Major activities 2013
1. Breed comparison
 Socio-economic study: gendered
 Major field component, 18 month monitoring
 ...
Breed comparison: project sites
Field staff recruitment:
2 female and 4 male, mobilised by motorbikes
(due to cultural / religious reasons could not place...
Project field staff
Thies site
Célestin Muyeneza
(MSc in animal production,
University of Dakar)
Ndeye Racky Ndiaye
(MSc i...
Farmer sensitisation activities
Project launch events
National & site level launch at Thies Ministers representative
Site level launch at
Touba
Baseline survey: two survey tools – household head
and adult female (259 households)
(due to religious reasons unable to i...
Ear tags
Project animals number 3100 with 670 lactating females,
105 different breed-types (Dec 2013)
Field staff working with project dairy farmers
Type of information collected on dairy households
Continual recording for 18 month+ period
Costs
• Labour
• Feed + water
•...
Example survey table
Gendered information on all costs + benefits
Milk measuring
Body condition score: collected on all lactating
females in selected survey rounds
Milk quality (protein and fat): obtaine...
Milk quality
Weights and body measurements
… but not always so easy
DNA samples
Preliminary SNP analysis results
104 animals: clusters represent the different breed-types
Data mana
Management of field data
Each field staff
enters own survey
data into CSPRO
data entry
interface Project databas...
Policy analysis
 Generated via desk-top review combined with
key informant interviews (in progress)
Capacity building: project farmers
Use of recording
sheets, milk
measurements
Domestic biogas, with
Heifer International
S...
Capacity building: field staff
Survey
implementation +
data -entry
 4 training events of
5 days
 Trained by ILRI and
EIS...
Capacity building: students
Program Country Gender
PhD Cameroon Male
PhD
(attachment)
Nigeria Female
Masters Benin Male
Ma...
Main challenges 2013
 Unable to establish ILRI hosting arrangement in Senegal
 High number of project activities (to com...
2014 work-plan
 Completion of field-work (longitudinal surveys + DNA sampling)
 Analysis of survey data
 Household clus...
FoodAfrica supervisory board visit to project site
http://senegaldairy.wordpress.com/
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Senegal dairy genetics project: Work package 2 update

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Presented by Karen Marshall at the FoodAfrica Annual Workshop, Kampala, Uganda, 27-28 January 2014


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Senegal dairy genetics project: Work package 2 update

  1. 1. Senegal Dairy Genetics / Sénégal Génétique Laitière Karen Marshall FoodAfrica Annual Workshop, Kampala, Uganda, 27-28 January 2014
  2. 2. Work package partners & objectives ILRI, EISMV, HU, MTT, project farmers To identify and promote utilisation of the most appropriate dairy breed- types for more productive and profitable dairy enterprises in selected production systems in Senegal
  3. 3. Major activities 2013 1. Breed comparison  Socio-economic study: gendered  Major field component, 18 month monitoring  Breed-type determined through genetic analysis  2 sites: region of Thies and department of Mbacké (Touba) 2. Analysis of policies on dairy, particularly germplasm production and delivery systems 3. Capacity building
  4. 4. Breed comparison: project sites
  5. 5. Field staff recruitment: 2 female and 4 male, mobilised by motorbikes (due to cultural / religious reasons could not place female staff at Touba) Project sensitization in sites Survey to identify suitable dairy households: 623 households surveyed,288 identified as suitable (difficult to locate households as no complete list; lower number of cross-breeds than expected) Recruitment of 259 dairy households into project: individual visits plus small group workshops; given project leaflet and signed consent Project launch events (n=3): 135 male and 74 female participants, as individual dairy farmers and 11 organisations Activities January to April 2013 Breed comparison: initiation
  6. 6. Project field staff Thies site Célestin Muyeneza (MSc in animal production, University of Dakar) Ndeye Racky Ndiaye (MSc in population genetics, University of Dakar) Touba site Mame Diara Ndiaye (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, University of Dakar) Mamadou Lo (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, University of Dakar) Sene Moudou (Diploma of Livestock Production, CNFTEIA, St Louis) Elhadji Sow (final year DVM, University of Dakar)
  7. 7. Farmer sensitisation activities
  8. 8. Project launch events National & site level launch at Thies Ministers representative Site level launch at Touba
  9. 9. Baseline survey: two survey tools – household head and adult female (259 households) (due to religious reasons unable to interview females in some households) Longitudinal survey round 1: socio-economic + individual animal data; animals ear-tagged; each staff attached to ~40 households (virtual ear tags used when farmers did not allow tagging; ‘transhumant’ survey developed) Longitudinal survey round 2: socio-economic + milk yield. Farmers trained in use of recording sheets and milk measuring (procurement difficulties for field equipment, esp. milk jugs) Longitudinal survey round 3: socio-economic + milk yield (241 households) (implemented automated animal identification system in database; recapture of missing / incorrect data) Activities April to December 2013 Breed comparison: socio-economic data
  10. 10. Ear tags Project animals number 3100 with 670 lactating females, 105 different breed-types (Dec 2013)
  11. 11. Field staff working with project dairy farmers
  12. 12. Type of information collected on dairy households Continual recording for 18 month+ period Costs • Labour • Feed + water • Health-care • Housing • Mating • Marketing • Replacement animals • Equipment • Co-operative fees Benefits • Milk & milk products: sold or consumed • Manure • Sale of dairy animals • Sale of sire services Animal & herd level • Animal information: breed, age, parity, last calving date, mating date, pregnancy status, date of birth, dry-off date • Milk records • Entries into herd: births, purchase etc. • Exits from herd: deaths, sale etc.
  13. 13. Example survey table Gendered information on all costs + benefits
  14. 14. Milk measuring
  15. 15. Body condition score: collected on all lactating females in selected survey rounds Milk quality (protein and fat): obtained on 310 animals using field-based milk analyser Body weights and body measurements Hair samples for DNA analysis and subsequent breed composition: first 104 samples genotyped Activities June to December 2013 Breed comparison: other data
  16. 16. Milk quality
  17. 17. Weights and body measurements
  18. 18. … but not always so easy
  19. 19. DNA samples
  20. 20. Preliminary SNP analysis results 104 animals: clusters represent the different breed-types
  21. 21. Data mana Management of field data Each field staff enters own survey data into CSPRO data entry interface Project database manager, in Senegal Data collation, data checking, back-up Recollection of missing / erroneous data MySQL database User access Farmer reports
  22. 22. Policy analysis  Generated via desk-top review combined with key informant interviews (in progress)
  23. 23. Capacity building: project farmers Use of recording sheets, milk measurements Domestic biogas, with Heifer International Senegal  9 training events  146 female and 366 male farmers Farmer biogas training
  24. 24. Capacity building: field staff Survey implementation + data -entry  4 training events of 5 days  Trained by ILRI and EISMV staff Professor Missohou from EISMV supporting training of field staff
  25. 25. Capacity building: students Program Country Gender PhD Cameroon Male PhD (attachment) Nigeria Female Masters Benin Male Masters Finland Female DMV thesis component Senegal Male
  26. 26. Main challenges 2013  Unable to establish ILRI hosting arrangement in Senegal  High number of project activities (to compensate for time lost due to project relocation)  Large volume of project data … but excellent project team (n=23) & project partner relations
  27. 27. 2014 work-plan  Completion of field-work (longitudinal surveys + DNA sampling)  Analysis of survey data  Household clustering  Breed assignment to individual animals + clustering  Estimate of cost & benefits for each breed x household cluster (dependant on group size)  Socio-economic breed comparison  Further farmer trainings combined with feedback workshops  Policy and value-chain analysis  Support to project students  Additional activities e.g. aflatoxin & brucellosis testing, feed analysis
  28. 28. FoodAfrica supervisory board visit to project site http://senegaldairy.wordpress.com/
  • TemesgenTsehayneh

    Aug. 13, 2019
  • zebrheteklay

    Feb. 10, 2014

Presented by Karen Marshall at the FoodAfrica Annual Workshop, Kampala, Uganda, 27-28 January 2014

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