Fodder Innovation in smallholder systems: Experiences from the Fodder Innovation Project

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Ranjitha Puskur

FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems,
Luang Prabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010

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Fodder Innovation in smallholder systems: Experiences from the Fodder Innovation Project

  1. 1. Fodder Innovation in smallholder systems: Experiences from the Fodder Innovation Project Ranjitha Puskur FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems 18-19 November 2010 Luang Prabang, Laos
  2. 2. Key issue <ul><li>Challenge: Addressing feed scarcity in mixed crop-livestock systems to improve livelihoods of poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory research is useful but not sufficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology delivery and use requires networks of diverse players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating wider interactions can stimulate institutional innovation that sharpens impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional learning helps improve project strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different organisations have different agendas, mandates and traditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Means: Building networks for enhancing innovation capacity of the system </li></ul>
  3. 3. What we did.. <ul><li>Key Partner Organizations (KPOs) selected through a rigorous process </li></ul><ul><li>Networks formed </li></ul><ul><li>Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India - An experiment in developing a mechanism to negotiate improved fodder access in public (wastelands and forest areas) and private grazing areas for poor livestock keepers. </li></ul><ul><li>Bhilwara, Rajasthan, India - An experiment in developing a mechanism to coordinate complimentary technical (including fodder) and institutional support in order to upgrade smallholder dairy systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Puducherry, India - An experiment in establishing an integrated fodder production and marketing system based on farmer fodder entrepreneurs. </li></ul><ul><li>Ikire, Osun State, Nigeria - An experiment in connecting and coordinating existing systems (markets, religious / ethic groups, technical support, policy and traditional institutions) to facilitate the transition from subsistence to commercial goat production . </li></ul><ul><li>Dambatta, Makoda and Rogo, Kano state, Nigeria - An experiment in connecting and coordinating existing systems (markets, religious / ethic groups, technical support, policy and traditional institutions) in order to address seasonal fodder shortages in mixed crop livestock systems </li></ul>Research Themes Entry Point Activities Interventions & Activities
  4. 4. Interventions Interventions Breed Health Feed Access to markets Capacity building Institutional arrangements Community organization Entry point activities Ahmednagar Fodder production and use from forest areas Bhilwara Vaccination camps Puducherry Fodder production on private lands Ikire Linking goat farmers to markets Dambatta Accessing credit for input purchase Rogo Harmonizing extension services
  5. 5. Immediate outcomes <ul><li>Enhanced access to fodder – forest areas, private wastelands, pastures, fodder entrepreneurs, improved food-feed crop residues, grazing reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced access to inputs and services – vet and extension/knowledge services, crop inputs, credit, </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced access to markets – fodder and livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for new research, technologies and knowledge – fodder varieties, cost effective rations, improved breeds </li></ul><ul><li>New and reliable feedback loops for research </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming a new approach to rural development and using it in other contexts </li></ul><ul><li>Orgnaizations embracing new roles and entering new collaborations </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lessons.. <ul><li>Networks around livestock value chains </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening innovation capacity and promoting innovation leads to articulation of demand for research outputs/knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Critical role of brokering organizations – skills and resources intensive – legitimacy, credibility, social capital </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability of initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible project management </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gaps – work still to be done <ul><li>Policy engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling out – how and where??? Dealing with other contexts.. </li></ul><ul><li>Better communication </li></ul><ul><li>M&E framework </li></ul><ul><li>In which contexts and what types of projects would these approaches be most appropriate?? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Key message Technical changes Institutional and organizational changes Livestock system upgrading Livelihood Impacts
  9. 9. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>

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