EXTRAPOLATE: Supporting priority setting in value chains

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Presented by Timothy Robinson at the Livestock and Fish Value Chain Coordinators’ meeting, Nairobi, 3 September 2013


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  • EXTRAPOLATE: Supporting priority setting in value chains

    1. 1. EXTRAPOLATE: Supporting priority setting in value chains Livestock and Fish Value Chain Coordinators’ meeting Nairobi, 3 September 2013 Timothy Robinson
    2. 2. Humidtropics SRT 1.3 Entry points Objective: To identify best-fit interventions at a range of scales - focusing on livelihoods, gender, markets, production, farming system, natural resource management and policy.
    3. 3. Slow track: systems analysis of detailed household data; systems optimisation Fast track: PRA approaches; ex-ante analysis •EXTRAPOLATE: Ex-ante tool for ranking (policy) alternatives •RAAIS: Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems Entry points
    4. 4. • Designed for policy interventions (PPLPI) but equally applicable to technical and systems interventions • Simple PC-based programme • Promotes a participatory approach • Easy to use, well documented • User Guide • Reference Manual • Not data-intensive • Simple graphic output • Can evaluate different combinations of policies/interventions • Can be used at a range of levels EXTRAPOLATE
    5. 5. EXTRAPOLATE
    6. 6. EXTRAPOLATE: Current situation
    7. 7. EXTRAPOLATE: Policy changes
    8. 8. EXTRAPOLATE
    9. 9. The issue, in context • 1993 Dairy Master Plan • Liberalize milk marketing • Creation of a DDA • Privatize the Dairy Corporation • Need for comprehensive dairy policy to guide sector • Request from MAAIF & PMA Secretariat for help develop a dairy policy
    10. 10. The challenge to PPLPI • To ensure that smallholders’ constraints are addressed • policies based on equity, rather than just on profitability • To ensure that marginalized groups are represented • addressing the needs of the informal sector
    11. 11. The process • Broad stakeholder network (Govt; NGOs, producers and traders associations; private sector; NARS ...... • Three stakeholder workshops (EXTRAPOLATE) • Dairy policy task force (MAAIF; PMA Secretariat; DDA; UBOS; NAGRC) • TCP Proposal to develop a policy • Supporting studies: • Analysis of livestock sector policy • Political economy of the livestock sector • poverty mapping (UBOS) • GIS layers (collaboration with ILRI)
    12. 12. Dairy development policy: Uganda • Promote genetic improvement • Strengthen delivery of veterinary services • Provide appropriate extension services • Improved market infrastructure and information • Ensure quality control along the chain • Increase local consumption to build a strong domestic market • Promote efficiency in the input supply system • Increased access to credit facilities Proposed components of policy:
    13. 13. EXTRAPOLATE – analysis tools Small-medium producers Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists Small processors & traders Poor consumers Wealthy producers/processors/consumers
    14. 14. Promote genetic improvement Small-medium producers Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists
    15. 15. Enforce quality control Small-medium producers Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists
    16. 16. Optimal combination of policies
    17. 17. Key elements of a pro-poor policy • Promote genetic improvement • Strengthen delivery of veterinary services • Provide appropriate extension services • Improved market infrastructure and information • Ensure quality control along the chain • Increase local consumption to build a strong domestic market • Promote efficiency in the input supply system • Increased access to credit facilities
    18. 18. Key elements of a pro-poor policy • This does NOT mean that genetic improvement and standards/regulation should be discouraged or dropped from the policy document • Rather that when these broad policy outcomes are disaggregated into their component parts (laws, strategies, institutions etc.) care needs to be taken to ensure that the poorer producers are not disadvantaged, and that their needs are also addressed

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