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Research focus of Ethiopian Institute of
Agricultural Research (EIAR)
Fentahun Mengistu, EIAR
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus...
Research Priorities: guided by the Agricultural /agro-
industry Sector goals
Ethiopia’s Development trajectory
• Agricultu...
Smallholder farmers'/herders’ central to
agriculture growth; increase contribution of
Private sector
NRM- based irrigated ...
Ensure agricultural Development is aligned
and contributed to Green economy strategy
Scaling up of best practices
Increase...
Rural socio-economic & environmental dynamics
affecting R&D activities
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 5
• Aggressi...
Capacity improved:
•Farmers’, extensionists , policy makers, etc;- knowledge, skill,
awareness, planning & management and ...
Challenges related to agricultural technology supply
Knowledge and Technology availability related to:
•Yield stagnation/l...
Challenges related to agricultural technology supply
• Less addressed
segments/customers:
• Commercial farmers
• Youth & w...
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 9
EIAR’s Key Functions
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 10
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 11
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 12
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 13
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 14
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 15
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 16
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 17
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 18
Breeder
Crop protectionist
Agronomist
Economist
Etc.
Multidisciplinary team
Multi-institutional team
Research execution: C...
• Food Security & Nutrition, income generation
• Agro-industry & Import substitution
• Market (Export market)
• Environmen...
• Horticulture
• Livestock
• Biotechnology
• Irrigation
• Mechanization
• Climate change
Relatively new commodities & area...
Food Security & Nutrition
•Productivity with desirable
quality
•Vertical Yield enhancement
•Technological Change-
hybrids,...
Industrial raw materials/
Import substitution
•Wheat(DW)
•malt barley
•oil crops (soy, Noug, etc)
•energy crops, etc
•Hide...
Market/export/
•Coffee
•livestock & L.
products
•Pulses (CB, CP, L)
•oil seeds (sesame,
etc)
•High value
commodities:
Frui...
Natural Resource Management
Water management
•Irrigation, WUE
•Land and water conservation
•IWM, landscape re-
constructio...
Research on:
•CSA: Adaptation,
Mitigation, productivity
•Conservation Agriculture
•Climate information
•resilient commodit...
Livestock:
•Breed improvement:
indigenous; exotic (milk,
beef)
•Feeds
•range land management
•Value addition; post-
harves...
Farm implements
/mechanization
Pre-harvest:
•plough, row planters, weeders,
•Enhancing horse power- tractors,
tractor app...
Agricultural Economics & Extension Research
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 29
• Farming Systems Dynamics
• Technol...
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 30
Comments on NARS-CGIAR partnership
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 31
• Increased focus and commitment of the Government for
economic and agricultural...
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 32
• Inadequate alignment to the national priorities
• Inadequate synergy among the...
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 33
Possible areas of NARS-CGIAR collaboration
1. Germplasm enhancement and exchange...
12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 34
• Non-research activities
• Visibility at higher layer institution
• Overlaps/ r...
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Research focus of Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)

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Presented by Fentahun Mengistu, EIAR, at the Ethiopia - CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) Country Collaboration and Site Integration Meeting, Addis Ababa, 11 December 2015

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Research focus of Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)

  1. 1. Research focus of Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) Fentahun Mengistu, EIAR 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 1 Ethiopia - CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) Country Collaboration and Site Integration Meeting, Addis Ababa, 11 December 2015
  2. 2. Research Priorities: guided by the Agricultural /agro- industry Sector goals Ethiopia’s Development trajectory • Agricultural Development Led Industrialization • Climate-Resilient Green Economy strategy Ethiopia: 2025 low middle income country Agriculture a major sources of growth: Food security; employment, income Raw materials for industry Adequate supply for export Macroeconomic stability 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 2
  3. 3. Smallholder farmers'/herders’ central to agriculture growth; increase contribution of Private sector NRM- based irrigated agriculture Development Zone based agricultural development Basic directions of the Agriculture sector 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 3
  4. 4. Ensure agricultural Development is aligned and contributed to Green economy strategy Scaling up of best practices Increase income of growers; shifting towards high value commodities Ensure youth & women are benefited from RD Improve livelihood & resilience capacity of people in the arid & semi-arid areas 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 4
  5. 5. Rural socio-economic & environmental dynamics affecting R&D activities 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 5 • Aggressive NRM activity; Ecological restoration • Agricultural productivity at increase; seen as a business • Input use (fertilizer, seed) & management practices are at increase • Technological/technical change - farm implements • Technological demand increased • Infrastructure(road, transportation, water, electricity, telephone, etc) Education, health expansion • Urbanization
  6. 6. Capacity improved: •Farmers’, extensionists , policy makers, etc;- knowledge, skill, awareness, planning & management and analytical capacity improved •Social capital and interaction improving Development focus areas changed •Agro-industry, export •Nutrition •Value addition, production/value chain •market •Specialization/diversification •Social inclusiveness- women, youth •Climate change 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 6
  7. 7. Challenges related to agricultural technology supply Knowledge and Technology availability related to: •Yield stagnation/lack of improved varieties •Improved animal breeds •Biotic and abiotic constraints •Irrigation technology •Farm implements/ mechanization •Technologies for Industrial and export commodities •Product quality; Nutrition quality •Post-harvest technologies; value addition •Climate change •AEZ complexity; too many priorities 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 7
  8. 8. Challenges related to agricultural technology supply • Less addressed segments/customers: • Commercial farmers • Youth & women • Herders • Trade • Industry 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 8 • Less addressed AEZs: • moisture stressed • Dry lands • Frost prone highlands • Pastoral, semi-pastoral areas • western humid-hot lowlands • urban/ suburbs
  9. 9. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 9
  10. 10. EIAR’s Key Functions 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 10
  11. 11. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 11
  12. 12. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 12
  13. 13. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 13
  14. 14. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 14
  15. 15. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 15
  16. 16. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 16
  17. 17. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 17
  18. 18. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 18
  19. 19. Breeder Crop protectionist Agronomist Economist Etc. Multidisciplinary team Multi-institutional team Research execution: Commodity as a planning unit 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 19
  20. 20. • Food Security & Nutrition, income generation • Agro-industry & Import substitution • Market (Export market) • Environmental & livelihood resilience; Climate Change Thematic areas 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 20
  21. 21. • Horticulture • Livestock • Biotechnology • Irrigation • Mechanization • Climate change Relatively new commodities & areas of focus: 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 21
  22. 22. Food Security & Nutrition •Productivity with desirable quality •Vertical Yield enhancement •Technological Change- hybrids, GMOs •Nutrition, processing, safety Pests, diseases, weeds •Agro-technics & practices •Sustainable intensification •post-harvest loss •Farm mechanization •Biotechnological methods 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 22
  23. 23. Industrial raw materials/ Import substitution •Wheat(DW) •malt barley •oil crops (soy, Noug, etc) •energy crops, etc •Hides and skins •Meat, Dairy •Fruits 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 23
  24. 24. Market/export/ •Coffee •livestock & L. products •Pulses (CB, CP, L) •oil seeds (sesame, etc) •High value commodities: Fruits, veg., spices •Value addition 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 24
  25. 25. Natural Resource Management Water management •Irrigation, WUE •Land and water conservation •IWM, landscape re- construction •Integrated soil fertility management •Acidity, salinity, vertisol management 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 25
  26. 26. Research on: •CSA: Adaptation, Mitigation, productivity •Conservation Agriculture •Climate information •resilient commodities Climate Change 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 26
  27. 27. Livestock: •Breed improvement: indigenous; exotic (milk, beef) •Feeds •range land management •Value addition; post- harvest 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 27
  28. 28. Farm implements /mechanization Pre-harvest: •plough, row planters, weeders, •Enhancing horse power- tractors, tractor appendages, etc. Harvest, Post-harvest : •Harvesters, threshers, hullers, driers •Storage facilities 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 28
  29. 29. Agricultural Economics & Extension Research 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 29 • Farming Systems Dynamics • Technological adoption, innovation and impacts • Production economics • Agricultural Value chains • Sub-sector analysis of agro-industrial commodities • Agricultural technology transfer • Agricultural innovation through stakeholders' R&D platforms
  30. 30. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 30 Comments on NARS-CGIAR partnership
  31. 31. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 31 • Increased focus and commitment of the Government for economic and agricultural R&D • The country’s diverse AEZ, socio-economics dynamics presenting diverse opportunities and challenges • A relatively, strong, robust, responsible NARS/AKIS • Existence of 11 CGs • Successful experiences and impacts of CG-NARS collaborations Opportunities
  32. 32. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 32 • Inadequate alignment to the national priorities • Inadequate synergy among the different CGs Centers • Lacking uniform working modalities with NARS • Task overlaps between CGs and CG-NARS • Less visibility; inadequate impact with some • Inadequate focus on building the capacity of NARS • Clear role at national, regional and global mandates • Program organization differences with NARS • Inadequate finance mobilization & allocation to NARS - commensurating with the work Bottlenecks
  33. 33. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 33 Possible areas of NARS-CGIAR collaboration 1. Germplasm enhancement and exchange 2. Collaborative research; research alignment 3. Help adopt/adapt technologies, production techniques, practices 4. Capacity building: How can NARS make a catch up? • Science capacity of NARS to catch up; contribute to the world - Labs facilities, cold stores, vehicles, etc - Technological infrastructure: Common use research facilities e.g. Cutting edge sciences - Getting NARS access to CG facilities • Technical backstopping; training, mentoring, etc. 4. Research financing: adequate mobilization, transparent allocation
  34. 34. 12/14/15 EIAR Research Focus 2015-2020 34 • Non-research activities • Visibility at higher layer institution • Overlaps/ redundancies among CGs; CGs-NARS • Short term objectives • Piece-meal funding What needs to be improved?

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