IPMS – Some reflections      Dirk Hoekstra  ILRI Ethiopia projects meeting  Addis Ababa,11 March 2013
Our Goal To contribute to  improved agricultural  productivity and  production through  market-oriented  agricultural  de...
How are we trying to achieve that goal ? By trying new and  innovative approaches  and technologies to  strengthen the  e...
How is IPMS trying to improve the efficiency of the MoARD? Participatory commodity development using a value  chain appro...
IPMS research and development system      Technology, organizational, institutional                   interventions       ...
Pilots in 10 Districts in 4 Regions
Project design• Research for development project conceived in the  early 2000 at the request of the MoARD and CIDA   – ILR...
Project approach• Value chain and innovation systems  perspective  – Unlike previous projects which focused mainly    prod...
Value chain versus channels                       Agro processing                          industry   (Peri- )urban       ...
Evolution partnership from subsistence towards amarket oriented agricultural development system    farmers    OoARD/EARS  ...
Project implementation• Mostly full time staff dedicated to the project      • Silo within ILRI – poor linkages with the r...
Conclusions recommendations• Good agricultural practices need to be  complemented with other vc interventions• Developing ...
Value chain approachInputs and                 markets  services              production               extension
Conclusions recommendations• Development is a continuous process which requires new  knowledge and skills over time – no s...
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IPMS—Some reflections

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Presented by Dirk Hoekstra at the ILRI Ethiopia Projects meeting, Addis Ababa, 11 March 2013


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IPMS—Some reflections

  1. 1. IPMS – Some reflections Dirk Hoekstra ILRI Ethiopia projects meeting Addis Ababa,11 March 2013
  2. 2. Our Goal To contribute to improved agricultural productivity and production through market-oriented agricultural development, as a means for achieving improved and sustainable livelihoods for the rural population.
  3. 3. How are we trying to achieve that goal ? By trying new and innovative approaches and technologies to strengthen the effectiveness of the Government’s effort to transform agricultural productivity and production, and rural development in Ethiopia through market-oriented agricultural development
  4. 4. How is IPMS trying to improve the efficiency of the MoARD? Participatory commodity development using a value chain approach (production, input and output marketing, rural finance) Improved knowledge management by the actors Improved capacity of the actors to innovate, learn and link Development and promotion of strategies, policies and approaches for scaling out
  5. 5. IPMS research and development system Technology, organizational, institutional interventions RESEARCH Recommendations for scaling out
  6. 6. Pilots in 10 Districts in 4 Regions
  7. 7. Project design• Research for development project conceived in the early 2000 at the request of the MoARD and CIDA – ILRI interested because of impact focus – Science council less enthusiastic (2007) – not scientific enough – Action research is not science and hence not research• Impact (development) oriented project, which included funds for development action controlled by project – Many thought that such money should have been managed by a development partner, like the EADD/ILRI model
  8. 8. Project approach• Value chain and innovation systems perspective – Unlike previous projects which focused mainly production technologies• Production technology generation not part of the project (donor determined) – Often debated by research partners
  9. 9. Value chain versus channels Agro processing industry (Peri- )urban Urban specialized fluid consum milk farmers ers Fluid milk traders Rural mixed cropand livestock butter Butter traders Rural consumers producers
  10. 10. Evolution partnership from subsistence towards amarket oriented agricultural development system farmers OoARD/EARS Private sector/coop IPMS time Knowledge interactions Input/service supply/marketing
  11. 11. Project implementation• Mostly full time staff dedicated to the project • Silo within ILRI – poor linkages with the rest – little chance to create social capital with other scientist when travelling• Some partners subcontracted to conduct certain tasks – Research partners • Most researchers not used to development driven research and performance contract – too little money, insufficient commitment, insufficient capacity. • Good experiences with involvement thesis students – Development partners • Good experiences with - district offices, video and radio producers • Mixed experiences with credit institutions – amounts too small
  12. 12. Conclusions recommendations• Good agricultural practices need to be complemented with other vc interventions• Developing alternative input/service supply system important in Ethiopia• Creating linkages between value chain actors based on mutual (economic) benefits has high pay off and is sustainable – may be initiated by innovation platforms• Emerging new products/channels for local and export market
  13. 13. Value chain approachInputs and markets services production extension
  14. 14. Conclusions recommendations• Development is a continuous process which requires new knowledge and skills over time – no static blue prints• Extension system for market oriented agricultural development requires more quantity and quality – e- extension• Farmer to farmer exchange of knowledge and skills important at this stage of development• Involvement of women in knowledge and skills development activities contributes to more gender balanced development

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