Food Production and Sustainable Agriculture Policies:
Reminding the role of Livestock
Purvi Mehta
UN’s Economic and social...
Four out of the five highest value global
commodities are livestock

2
Source: FAOSTAT, 2010 data
Micronutrients
Provided by ASF
Vitamin A
Iron
Zinc
Calcium
Riboflavin
Vitamin B12

• Livelihood
to 1.3
Billion
• Important...
Livestock in South Asia
 livestock population- 600 million
 Employment/livelihood to over 150
million people
 Small hol...
Livestock contribution to AgGDP
Livestock
GDP

5.6%

4.0%

3.8%

4.3%

2.4%

2.4%

2.9%

2.8%

2.8%

(Figures in bars are ...
% growth in demand for livestock products
2000 - 2030

6

FAO, 2012
Leading Milk Producing Countries (1961-2009)

Source: FAO stat
Animal source foods and global diets
% calories from ASF/Day
25

20
15
10
5
0

SEA

China

SA

SSA

High Income
Countries
...
Yet, it is not just about
livestock

ILRI Spearheading a
New Way Forward
Crop-Livestock Interactions

Mixed Farming Systems





50% of the world’s cereals
41% of maize
86% of Rice
66% of so...
Where does the
world’s food come from?
Milk

Cereals
4%

7%

14%

13%

45%
17%

59%

35%

4%

2%

Beef

Lamb

agro-pastora...
Crop-Livestock Interaction
Resource Sharing Land- LS use 30% of ice free land
 Labour- Competition for labour but also L...
ICRISAT-ILRI Collaboration on ICGV91114 Variety: Dual Purpose Crop

Food

Feed

• Early maturing, high yielding variety • ...
One Health
• 60% of human diseases are shared with animals
• 75% of emerging diseases are zoonotic
• The top 13 zoonosis a...
Livestock Sector in South Asia
Unique Features for Policy Considerations








Coexistence of a range of producti...
Key Policy Needs
 Livestock on agriculture policy agenda
 Systems approach : Need for cross sectorial
collaboration:
Hea...
Thank You
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Food production and sustainable agriculture policies: Reminding the role of livestock

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Presented by Purvi Mehta at the UN’s Economic and social commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) High Level Policy Conference on Agriculture, 13 August 2013


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  • When applicable International commodity prices are used, to calculate the total value of each commodity produced by each country and subsequently used in the ranking of commodities and countries. They are applied in order to avoid the use of exchange rates for obtaining continental and world aggregates, and also to improve and facilitate international comparative analysis of productivity at the national level.
  • Food production and sustainable agriculture policies: Reminding the role of livestock

    1. 1. Food Production and Sustainable Agriculture Policies: Reminding the role of Livestock Purvi Mehta UN’s Economic and social commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) High Level Policy Conference on Agriculture, 13 August 2013
    2. 2. Four out of the five highest value global commodities are livestock 2 Source: FAOSTAT, 2010 data
    3. 3. Micronutrients Provided by ASF Vitamin A Iron Zinc Calcium Riboflavin Vitamin B12 • Livelihood to 1.3 Billion • Important asset for women • Risk mitigation Health • Provide 58 million tonnes of protein annually • 17% of the global kilocalories Poverty Alleviation Nutrition Livestock’s Many Virtues • • • • • Zoonosis Malnutrition Obesity Soil health: 14% N, 9% P and 40% K inputs to global crop production
    4. 4. Livestock in South Asia  livestock population- 600 million  Employment/livelihood to over 150 million people  Small holder led production system  Demand driven  Growing contribution to Ag. GDP
    5. 5. Livestock contribution to AgGDP Livestock GDP 5.6% 4.0% 3.8% 4.3% 2.4% 2.4% 2.9% 2.8% 2.8% (Figures in bars are annual growth rates) 5 FAO, 2012
    6. 6. % growth in demand for livestock products 2000 - 2030 6 FAO, 2012
    7. 7. Leading Milk Producing Countries (1961-2009) Source: FAO stat
    8. 8. Animal source foods and global diets % calories from ASF/Day 25 20 15 10 5 0 SEA China SA SSA High Income Countries FAO 2012
    9. 9. Yet, it is not just about livestock ILRI Spearheading a New Way Forward
    10. 10. Crop-Livestock Interactions Mixed Farming Systems     50% of the world’s cereals 41% of maize 86% of Rice 66% of sorghum 74% of millet  79% of the milk  60% of the meat
    11. 11. Where does the world’s food come from? Milk Cereals 4% 7% 14% 13% 45% 17% 59% 35% 4% 2% Beef Lamb agro-pastoral mixed extensive 9% 15% 28% 28% mixed intensive other 50% 19% 7% 5% developed countries 18% 21% Herrero et al. 2009
    12. 12. Crop-Livestock Interaction Resource Sharing Land- LS use 30% of ice free land  Labour- Competition for labour but also LS’s contribution to labour  Water- LS use 30% fresh water Complementarity in Providing Nutrition LS, an Important food source for at least 830 million food insecure people.  Contribute 17 % to total kilocalorie consumption and 33 % to protein  ‘Biofortified’ Risk Mitigation  Crop-LS mixed farming, an important risk mitigation/reduction strategy for farmers Nutrition Dependence Soil Fertility: LS provides 14% N, 9% P and 40% K inputs to global crop production  Feed
    13. 13. ICRISAT-ILRI Collaboration on ICGV91114 Variety: Dual Purpose Crop Food Feed • Early maturing, high yielding variety • 17% higher Haulm • 15% higher pod yield • 11% increase in milk yield 48,000 INR increased income/season/hectare
    14. 14. One Health • 60% of human diseases are shared with animals • 75% of emerging diseases are zoonotic • The top 13 zoonosis are responsible for 2.5 billion illnesses and 2.2 million human deaths each year • Agriculture trade implication
    15. 15. Livestock Sector in South Asia Unique Features for Policy Considerations        Coexistence of a range of production systems 80-90% production from smallholders Mixed farming system Serge in export and domestic demand Vulnerability to diseases Feed Issues Nutrition, health and economic contributions
    16. 16. Key Policy Needs  Livestock on agriculture policy agenda  Systems approach : Need for cross sectorial collaboration: Health, Agriculture, Environment, Trade, Education  Regional cooperation  Focus on productivity led growth rather than number led growth  Leverage on existing models, such as the cooperative model
    17. 17. Thank You

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