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EIAR experience on potential interventions in livestock value chains development

Presented by Getnet Assefa at the LIVES Commodity Value Chain Development Inception Workshop, Addis Ababa, 21–24 January 2013

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EIAR experience on potential interventions in livestock value chains development

  1. 1. EIAR Experience on Potential Interventions in Livestock Value Chains Development Getnet AssefaLIVES Commodity Value Chain Development Inception Workshop Addis Ababa, 21–24 January 2013
  2. 2. General• EIAR’s mission is to conduct research that will provide market competitive agricultural technologies that will contribute to increased agricultural productivity and sustainable food security, economic development, and conservation of the integrity of natural resources and the environment.• This presentation highlights the general efforts done in technology generation of livestock value chains, demonstration and related activities by EIAR
  3. 3. Livestock commodities Ruminants- Cattle - Dairy and Beef- Sheep and Goats Poultry- Camel - Layers - Broilers Fishery - Dual Purpose- Fishery- Aquaculture
  4. 4. Livestock commoditiesApiculture- Honey Feed- Beeswax Resources - Roughages - Concentrates Sericulture - Others- Silk Rangelands
  5. 5. National Coordination• Partners – Regional Agricultural Research Institutes – Bureau of Agricultures/ Livestock Agencies – Higher Learning Institutes – Ministry of Agriculture – Different local and international organizations like ILRI, ASRECA, etc
  6. 6. Thematic areas Newly started Biotechnology Socio-economics and food science Extension, Feed Gender, marketing production and Climate changeGenetic improvement management Dairy cattle Sheep and goats Poultry, Silk worms Livestock Animal health Epidemiology, control Draught power Research and prevention Processing Range Nutrition & Dairy, meat, honey, management feeding fish, feed systems
  7. 7. AchievementsDairy cattle Improved crossbred dairy cattle (Frisian & Jersey) - F1 (50%) - High grade (>75%) With different production packages
  8. 8. Dairy- Feeding strategies to the different areas and feed resource types- Forage production- Milk processing- Animal health- Cooperatives and marketing
  9. 9. Beef cattleFeeding managementpractice with availablefeed resources in thedifferent agro ecologiesCharacterization ofselected breeds inEthiopia for beefproduction
  10. 10. Animal power• Evaluation on the use of male indigenous and crossbred cattle for draft power• Use of crossbred cows as dual purpose animals: as dairy and traction• Evaluation of different, improved power farm implements and harness used in animal traction
  11. 11. Small Ruminants– Improved management of local breeds– Cross breeding • Dorper sheep • Bore Goats– Feeding packages for the different production systems using locally available feed resources
  12. 12. Poultry– Adaptation of commercial breeds (Many breeds recommended for the different systems) • Broilers • Layers • Dual purpose– Health management recommendations– Feeding system recommendations with locally available resources– General management practice
  13. 13. Fishery– Most of the water bodies are characterized– Recommended aquaculture practice are available– Fingerling production systems available– Recommended fishing gear technologies– Preservation practice
  14. 14. Apiculture– Different types of beehives are developed– Bee disease and pest control mechanisms are established– Bee forage– Small and large scale honey and beeswax processing technologies
  15. 15. Sericulture– Suitable silkworm races identified– Silk worm forages varieties and management production practice established– Cocoon production management production available
  16. 16. Feed production & management• Forage crops suitable for different agro- ecologies and production strategies are identified – 11 registered forage species/varieties – More than 25 other recommended species – Various agronomic, conservation and utilization technologies• Recommended practice in the Improvement and utilization of crop residues and agro- industrial by products are established• Demonstrations are going on in the different agro-ecologies and production systems
  17. 17. Socio-economics and extension– Socio economic information in the different target areas– Marketing studies– Various information to support policy decisions
  18. 18. Climate change• EIAR has a team that works on climate It mainstream climate in most of research activities including livestock research to generate climate resilient technologies suitable to our farming systems
  19. 19. Gender– Training– Technology demonstration (poultry, dairy) - Women’s cooperatives - etc
  20. 20. Technology multiplication– Technologies for demonstration • Dairy cattle (AI) • Poultry, Sheep and goats • Fish, Forage seeds • Various implements, etc– For multipliers– Very limited progress for various reasons
  21. 21. Pre-scaling up demonstration– Very huge demand– Successful experience in different parts of Ethiopia in most of the commodities – Dairy – Poultry – Fish – Small ruminantes – Feed technologies
  22. 22. Pre-scaling up demonstration• Currently – Dairy - Demonstration is planned through AI – Poultry – Extremely huge demand • Construction of multiplication facilities • National scaling up plans for semi-intensive commercial poultry production is designed – Fishery and aquaculture • High demand (Integrated systems) • Fingerling production capacity construction almost to be finalized – Forage seeds - significant high amount of forage seeds of different forage crops are under multiplication
  23. 23. Newly started• Animal biotechnology – Reproductive biotechnology – Animal health – Animal nutrition• Food science
  24. 24. Major Challenges• Inadequate capacity – Physical capacity – Human power capacity• Very limited technology multiplication for pre scaling up demonstration• Socioeconomic constraints• Technical constraints