Agriculture for nutrition and health

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Presentation by Delia Grace and John McDermott at the 2012 Ecohealth conference held at Kunming, China on 15-18 October 2012.

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Agriculture for nutrition and health

  1. 1. Agriculture for nutrition and healthThe new CGIAR research program on the links between agriculture and human nutrition and health EcoHealth Conference, Kunming, China 2012 Delia Grace and John McDermott International Livestock Research Institute
  2. 2. International Livestock Research Institute•a member of the CGIAR Consortium, ILRI conducts livestock, food andenvironmental research  to help alleviate poverty  and improve food security, health & nutrition,  while protecting the natural resource base. India Mali 700 full time staff-1000 total 100 scientists & researchers 54 from 22 developing countries China more than 30 scientific Vietnam disciplines 2012 budget USD 60 million Laos ILRI works with a range of Nigeria research & development partners Mozambique across 7 CGIAR research Kenya programs Ethiopia Thailand
  3. 3. Agriculturefor Nutrition &HealthCGIAR Research Program 4 IFPRI ILRI BIOVERSITY CIAT CIMMYT CIP ICARDA ICRAF ICRISAT IITA IWMI WORLDFISH
  4. 4. CRP4 Conceptual Framework Health CRP4’s strategic goal: 1. Enhancing Nutrition along 4. Integrated 3. Prevention & Control of Ag- Accelerate progress the Value Chain in improving the nutrition and Programs and Policies Associated Diseases health of poor people by leveraging agriculture and Nutrition 2. Bio- enhancing the synergies in joint efforts between fortification Agriculture agriculture, health and nutrition Social Behavior Change and Communications All components Improved availability, Increased Increased Decreased Increased access, intake knowledge labor risk of AAD income and of nutritious, of nutrition, productivity gender equity safe foods food safety RESULT: Improved nutrition and health, especially among women and young children
  5. 5. •International organisations •Regional organisations •Private sector health provision •Public health •Veterinary public health Human •NGOs & CBOs health •Conservation Animal •Environment health Agriculture associated Plant human disease health Agro-Ecosystems International agricultural health research 5
  6. 6. 1. Value chains for nutrition and healthObjective – Lever VC for selected food to increase demand for and access to nutritious food for the poor
  7. 7. 2. BiofortificationObjective: Develop, test and make available to poor & under-nourished, new varieties of nutrient dense staple crops2 subcomponents: – HarvestPlus (targeting Africa and Asia) – AgroSalud (targeting Latin America)
  8. 8. 3. Agriculture-associated diseasesGoal: Prevent & control AAD for improved food safety, water quality, GAP and better control of zoonoses & emerging diseasesSub Components: – Improving food safety – Controlling zoonotic diseases and diseases emerging from animals – Other health risks of agro-ecosystems
  9. 9. 4. Programs and policiesGoal: Exploit & enhance synergies between ANH through operational and policy research that supportsa) integrated community-level programming,b) enabling policy environment
  10. 10. Evidence-based assumptions underpin ASSUMPTIONS / HYPOTHESES 1. Nutrient dense foods can transform diets of the poor 2. Informal markets are most important and require risk- and incentive based approaches 3. CGIAR research can work effectively at the demand side: (pull mechanisms) 4. CGIAR research has potential for consumer education, health
  11. 11. Risk Analysis & Economics • In Vietnam, supermarkets are not safer • In India, where people see how animals are killed, quality is better • In Nigeria, women butchers sell safer meat • In Kenya, recognising the informal sector saves $26 million each year 14
  12. 12. Risk managementCommunity based tsetse control always works, never sustainableImproving food safety: cheap & effectiveDecision support tools for early warningSaving $ through One Health approaches
  13. 13. Agriculture for improved nutrition and health

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