Some ILRI crop-livestock work
relevant to SIMLESA
Alan Duncan, Peter Thorne, Endalkachew Wolde-Meskel
SIMLESA planning mee...
Introduction
• Africa RISING = Africa Research In Sustainable Intensification for
the Next Generation
• Three research-for...
Projects
 Three project are located in
 the Ethiopian highlands,
 West Africa
 East and Southern Africa
 Managed by I...
Ethiopian Highlands
Africa RISING in Ethiopian highlands:
improve food security and farm income
diversification through s...
ResearchOutline:
Ethiopian Highlands
LegumeCHOICE: Realizing the underexploited potential of multi-
purpose legumes towards improved livelihoods and a better
e...
LegumeChoice problem tree
Figure 1: Problem tree defining the core problem addressed by the proposed research along with t...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
N2Africa
www.N2Africa.org
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Introduction to N2Africa
• Led by Wageningen Universit...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Main goal: increasing inputs from N2-fixation
 Increa...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
N2Africa – target regions and legumes
West Africa
• Co...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
N2Africa is a development to research project
• Dissem...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Great potential to link to SIMLESA -CIMMYT
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
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1.0
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2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2....
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Benefits (yield + soil fertility) maximized
FTC, inter...
Potential livestock activities in SIMLESA Phase II
• Assessment of the Role of Livestock in Livestock-Maize-Legume
systems...
Potential livestock activities in SIMLESA Phase II
• Integration of forage and other legumes.
– the evaluation of the live...
Potential livestock activities in SIMLESA Phase II
• Analysis of trade-offs (issues and potential
solutions) in Livestock-...
Innovation platform briefs
The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given ...
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Some ILRI crop-livestock work relevant to SIMLESA

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Presented by Alan Duncan, Peter Thorne and Endalkachew Wolde-Meskel at the SIMLESA planning meeting, Addis Ababa, 7-11 April 2014


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Some ILRI crop-livestock work relevant to SIMLESA

  1. 1. Some ILRI crop-livestock work relevant to SIMLESA Alan Duncan, Peter Thorne, Endalkachew Wolde-Meskel SIMLESA planning meeting , Addis Ababa, 7-11 April 2014
  2. 2. Introduction • Africa RISING = Africa Research In Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation • Three research-for-development projects supported by the United States Agency for International Development(USAID) as part of the U.S. government’s Feed the Future initiative (www.feedthefuture.gov). • Create opportunities for smallholder farm households to move out of hunger and poverty through sustainably intensified farming systems that improve food, nutrition, and income security, particularly for women and children, and conserve or enhance the natural resource base.
  3. 3. Projects  Three project are located in  the Ethiopian highlands,  West Africa  East and Southern Africa  Managed by ILRI and IITA  Monitoring and Evaluation, IFPRI
  4. 4. Ethiopian Highlands Africa RISING in Ethiopian highlands: improve food security and farm income diversification through sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems  Integrated approach: strong participatory base to identify technologies and management practices that could work for farmers whilst accounting for the wider contexts in which these must operate (e.g. market access, effectiveness of institutions, policy environment).
  5. 5. ResearchOutline: Ethiopian Highlands
  6. 6. LegumeCHOICE: Realizing the underexploited potential of multi- purpose legumes towards improved livelihoods and a better environment in crop-livestock systems in East & Central Africa • Donor: BMZ • Duration: April 2014 for Mar 2017 • Consortium – International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) – Université Catholique de Bukavu (UCB), DR Congo – Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kenya – Ethiopian Institute for Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ethiopia – University of Hohenheim, Germany – International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) – World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
  7. 7. LegumeChoice problem tree Figure 1: Problem tree defining the core problem addressed by the proposed research along with tracing selected causes to outputs and effects to SLO’s.
  8. 8. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa N2Africa www.N2Africa.org
  9. 9. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Introduction to N2Africa • Led by Wageningen University; main partners IITA and ILRI; many national partners • Originally eight countries in 2009 • Extension in 2012 to Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda • Phase II five core countries and tier countries
  10. 10. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Main goal: increasing inputs from N2-fixation  Increase the area of land cropped with legumes (targeting of technologies) • Increase legume productivity (agronomy, P-fertilizer) • Select better legume varieties • Select better rhizobium strains and inoculate • Link to markets and enterprises to increase demand for legumes
  11. 11. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa N2Africa – target regions and legumes West Africa • Cowpea, groundnut, soybean East & Central Africa • Common bean, groundnut, soybean Chickpea Faba bean Southern Africa • Common bean, groundnut, soybean Throughout all regions • Forage legumes
  12. 12. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa N2Africa is a development to research project • Dissemination and Development are the core • Monitoring & evaluation provides the learning • Research analyses and feeds back M&E D&D Research
  13. 13. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Great potential to link to SIMLESA -CIMMYT
  14. 14. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 ChickpeagrainyieldinplotswithPand/orI(t/ha) Chickpea grain yield in control plot (t/ha) +I +P +P+I Farmers are missing out the benefit of applying P with out N being sufficient
  15. 15. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Benefits (yield + soil fertility) maximized FTC, intercropping of maize and common bean, at Dambi Dima, Bako tibe woreda (promoted by Bako ARC
  16. 16. Potential livestock activities in SIMLESA Phase II • Assessment of the Role of Livestock in Livestock-Maize-Legume systems – Participatory assessments, livelihoods analysis and qualitative and quantitative ex ante impact assessments (including modelling studies) • Assessment of Demand for and Supply of Feed – FEAST (Feed Assessment Tool) - analysing the seasonal dynamics of feed resource availability and use and their relationship to resource use issues in other components of the system • Identification of potential feeding interventions – Techfit: Simple scoring tool for prioritizing feed interventions – Could be used by partners to identify a “basket” of viable interventions for testing and adaptation via SIMLESA II
  17. 17. Potential livestock activities in SIMLESA Phase II • Integration of forage and other legumes. – the evaluation of the livestock feed ‘pull’ for forage, grain and multi- purpose legumes; – the nutritive value of different legumes for livestock and their suitability and contribution to livestock feeding; • Opportunities for optimising crop residue use. – Choose with crop improvement/agronomy partner, cereal and leguminous cultivars that are better than currently available/used cultivars at matching farmers needs for food, feed and fodder, and other uses (fuel , construction etc.) where appropriate; – Improve utilization of cereal and leguminous crop residues better through supplementation, on farm processing etc; – Encourage small scale feed/fodder processing business around transit of crop residues .
  18. 18. Potential livestock activities in SIMLESA Phase II • Analysis of trade-offs (issues and potential solutions) in Livestock-Maize-Legume systems – Build on Systemwide Livestock Programme work on biomass trade-offs: feed vs. mulch and other uses. Some bio-economic modelling?
  19. 19. Innovation platform briefs
  20. 20. The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI. better lives through livestock ilri.org

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