Bernard A. Lukuyu1, Alan Duncan2, Isabelle Baltenweck1 and Emmanuel Kinuthia1                                             ...
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Developing site specific feed plans using the feed assessment tool (FEAST)

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Poster by Bernard A. Lukuyu, Alan Duncan, Isabelle Baltenweck and Emmanuel Kinuthia presented at the 13th Biennial Scientific Conference of the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Nairobi, Kenya, 22-26 October 2012.

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Developing site specific feed plans using the feed assessment tool (FEAST)

  1. 1. Bernard A. Lukuyu1, Alan Duncan2, Isabelle Baltenweck1 and Emmanuel Kinuthia1 1InternationalLivestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 30709-00100, Nairobi, Kenya 2International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Presented at the 13th KARI Biennial Scientific Conference, 22-26 October 2012, Nairobi, Kenya The problem Why FEAST?  It broadens feed assessment to cover: Dairy production is rapidly developing in East Africa, but smallholder farmers are often faced with the o the importance of livestock as a livelihood strategy; challenge of inadequate feed resources especially in the dry season. o the importance of feed problems relative to other problems; o key factors such as labour, input availability, credit, seasonality and Conventionally, feed assessments focus on the types of feeds, their nutritive value and ways of markets for products. improving nutritive value. The demand side is often overlooked when planning feeds and feeding  It identifies feed gaps and improves targeting of feed-related solutions interventions. How does it work? Sample outputs • Overview of farming system and Livestock holdings of the farmers livestock feed aspect in tropical livestock units (TLU)  Shows whether livestock 1. Participatory Rapid Appraisal • Milk marketing, veterinary services is an important source of (PRA) • Major problems for livestock income production  Shows the various sources of household income • Quantitative information on crop-  Shows the percentage livestock production, feed availability and feeding rations contribution of various 2. Individual • Qualitative information: perception on sources of income farmer survey feed quality Feed availability Available Feed Resources  Displays annual distribution 70 6 60 5 of rainfall in the area 50 4  Shows seasonal available Availability 40 3 • Stakeholder write-shops to enter data 30 2 feed resources throughout 3. Participatory in FEAST template and summarize 20 10 1 the year data analysis PRA findings 0 0  Shows quantities of and developing • Based on result, jointly develop ideas interventions for intervention and implementation Concentrates Crop residues Grazing Green forage purchased feed over 12 plans Legume residues RHODES HAY SILAGE Rainfall Pattern months Dietary composition The FEAST template  Shows crops grown  Shows fodder crops grown Final report  Shows the various feed  FEAST report with some ideas for resources that contribute key problems and solutions to dry matter (DM) content,  Better links and understanding crude protein and between farmers, research and metabolizable energy development staff

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