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Designing Community-Based B reeding Strategies for Indigenous Sheep Breeds of Smallholders in Ethiopia The case of Bonga B...
<ul><li>Presented by Kifle Belachew at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strateg...
Introduction <ul><li>Bonga ARC  is located around Bonga town, 450 km South West of AA  </li></ul><ul><li>The region has hu...
Characteristics of Bonga sheep Sheep type - Meat type Coat color -Light and Dark red Tail type – Commonly long thin and fa...
Bonga Sheep
Introduction <ul><li>To maximize benefit of the community different programs were initiated and implemented  </li></ul><ul...
What Activities Performed?
Activity 1: Sensitizing and selecting farmers <ul><li>Farmers were  sensitized about the program by organizing workshops t...
 
Program Engaged Farmers participating on Workshop
Activity 2. Capacity Building <ul><li>Selected farmers and Two agents (focal persons) were trained on activities: </li></u...
Training on Data recording and Weight Measuring
Activity 3. Responsibility Sharing <ul><li>Recurrent work shops and trainings were organized to create awareness  </li></u...
Activity 4. Ram Selection  <ul><li>Selection was based on data and community preference, body weight, birth type, Physical...
Ram selection
Ram selection
Activity 5. Dissemination of improved rams <ul><li>Selected first category rams were distributed to participating farmers ...
Selected Rams at Sheep Ranch
Selected Rams from Sheep Ranch to Distribution site
Achievement of Program <ul><li>Total attitudinal change of community on ram selection </li></ul><ul><li>Selected community...
What to Do next? <ul><li>To select and distribute 60 best rams finally to see each farmer has one ram </li></ul><ul><li>To...
THANK YOU!!
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Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia: The case of Bonga breeds

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Presented by Kifle Belachew at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, October 29, 2010.

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Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia: The case of Bonga breeds

  1. 1. Designing Community-Based B reeding Strategies for Indigenous Sheep Breeds of Smallholders in Ethiopia The case of Bonga Breeds Presented by Kifle Belachew at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, October 29, 2010. (Bonga Research Center, SARI)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Presented by Kifle Belachew at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, October 29, 2010. </li></ul>Designing Community-Based Breeding Strategies for Indigenous Sheep Breeds of Smallholders in Ethiopia: The case of Bonga Breeds (Bonga Research Center, SARI)
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Bonga ARC is located around Bonga town, 450 km South West of AA </li></ul><ul><li>The region has huge resources on forest coffee, spices, apiculture and indigenous bonga sheep breed </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Bonga sheep Sheep type - Meat type Coat color -Light and Dark red Tail type – Commonly long thin and fat Average body weight at farmers level Birth weight 3 kg Weaning weight M 18 kg F 14 kg Weight at 6 month M 25 kg F 20 Mature body weight M 40 F 35 Birth type – Commonly twin birth Distribution is all areas of south west Ethio
  5. 5. Bonga Sheep
  6. 6. Introduction <ul><li>To maximize benefit of the community different programs were initiated and implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Designing Community based sheep breeding improvement program project is one </li></ul><ul><li>Since the program initiation still now different activates have been performed </li></ul>
  7. 7. What Activities Performed?
  8. 8. Activity 1: Sensitizing and selecting farmers <ul><li>Farmers were sensitized about the program by organizing workshops to help them understand about the program </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent meetings and Discussion were made with the community </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria for selection of farmers are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>possession of sheep flock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>willingness to practice in program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>127 farmers were selected and engaged in this activity </li></ul>
  9. 10. Program Engaged Farmers participating on Workshop
  10. 11. Activity 2. Capacity Building <ul><li>Selected farmers and Two agents (focal persons) were trained on activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying and tagging lambs at birth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to keep records like date of birth, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sex of lamb, birth type, birth wts and 90 wts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Agents were well thought and provided with format to fill information and Materials used to measure the data </li></ul>
  11. 12. Training on Data recording and Weight Measuring
  12. 13. Activity 3. Responsibility Sharing <ul><li>Recurrent work shops and trainings were organized to create awareness </li></ul><ul><li>All stake holders were informed about the program and hold responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Community, Sheep Ranch Center, BoARD and community leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Follow up and Data collection were made by BARC </li></ul>
  13. 14. Activity 4. Ram Selection <ul><li>Selection was based on data and community preference, body weight, birth type, Physical conformation and coat color </li></ul><ul><li>Selection was made above 90 days up to 180 days of rams </li></ul><ul><li>28 best Ram lambs were selected </li></ul><ul><li>These rams were bought by the program from the farmers and transferred to ranch until they are ready to mate </li></ul>
  14. 15. Ram selection
  15. 16. Ram selection
  16. 17. Activity 5. Dissemination of improved rams <ul><li>Selected first category rams were distributed to participating farmers </li></ul><ul><li>In first round 13 best rams were distributed </li></ul><ul><li>This activity made the member farmers trust the program and very happy </li></ul>
  17. 18. Selected Rams at Sheep Ranch
  18. 19. Selected Rams from Sheep Ranch to Distribution site
  19. 20. Achievement of Program <ul><li>Total attitudinal change of community on ram selection </li></ul><ul><li>Selected community members were trained on health management and safe castration </li></ul><ul><li>On first round 13 best rams were distributed to 13 different villages of community </li></ul>
  20. 21. What to Do next? <ul><li>To select and distribute 60 best rams finally to see each farmer has one ram </li></ul><ul><li>To form sheep herders cooperatives </li></ul><ul><li>To give more training on sheep health management and nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>To expand the program to neighboring sheep herders </li></ul><ul><li>To assess success of the program by conducting socioeconomic study </li></ul>
  21. 22. THANK YOU!!

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