Coffee value chain development: Interventions and lessons
Coffee value chain development interventions and lessons Value chain interventions Initial diagnosis Knowledge management • Farmers and traders recognized the international market and capacity building Input supply interventions potential for quality and speciality coffee. Price premiums for better quality and origin of coffee were not widespread • Existing coffee production systems suffered from poor returns due to diseases, old coffee trees and poor management • Inadequate knowledge and skills on quality/speciality coffee production systems among value chain actorsHybrid coffee seedling Coffee nursery operators in • Role of women in coffee value chain was limited to assisting in picking and coffee liquor/bean sale at small restaurants and Access to knowledge through training production under seedling production shops and community mobilizationcontrolled environment • Availability of inputs, in particular seedlings of disease free speciality (land races) coffee varieties, was limited Input supply for • Role of producers in price determination for export market was improved coffee drying limited • Village level cooperatives were often inefficient Graduate student assessing quality • Negative effects on water quality were reported for washed of special sun dried coffee coffee Value chain actors, service providers and linkages Production interventions Input supply/ services Private shops Research Cooperatives Nursery operators Additional ICT supported information/ knowledge via Ethiopian Agriculture Portal (www.eap.gov.et ) Knowledge/ Skill Coffee National research Credit Microfinance institutions producers Ministry of Agriculture Consultants Specialized farmers Targeting Cooperative Private industry NGOs Students Environmental and Protection Agency Promotion of speciality coffee Market Cooperative Local market Private coffee exporters Ethiopian Commodity Exchange Processing / marketing interventions Targeting women and farmers who own coffee production plots Lessons and challenges • Knowledge sharing, in service training, practical follow up, and linkages among value chain actors and Drying coffee on service providers contribute to improving the skills and knowledge of value chain actors and service raised beds providers, including women • Farmers can effectively operate coffee seedling nurseries. The operation is more sustainable when nursery operators combine seedling production with seed production of desired varieties from mother trees planted in their own fields • Private farmers were able to successfully multiply hybrid coffee varieties using vegetative propagation techniques • Introduction of improved post harvest management techniques (raised bed drying and storage in clean jute bags) can be adopted if farmers get better prices for better quality coffee. Such price differentiation can be seen with the establishment of Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX) • Facilitating private/cooperative shops to stock and sell post harvest materials can further support quality development Post harvest Facilitation auction for management through farmers to sell their special • Engagement of other actors (Regional environmental protection bodies, coffee processing projects) is better packing sun dried coffee required to tackle water pollution problems caused by washed coffee processing plants materials This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.