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Climate change, trade and animal health

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Climate change, trade and animal health

  1. 1. Climate change, trade and animal health STDF Event on Linkages Between Climate Change and SPS Issues STDF Secretariat in Collaboration with OIE And FAO Climate Change and Animal Health 3 May 2022 Delia Grace Professor Food Safety Systems, Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB. UK Joint appointed scientist, Animal and Human Health Program, International Livestock Research Institute, Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya
  2. 2. HLPE 2017 Food Systems and Nutrition Report Food systems for health and nutrition CGIAR Triple burden
  3. 3. Zoonoses: neglected and emerging •Neglected zoonoses: brucellosis, bovine tuberculosis, leptospirosis, Rift Valley fever •Emerging zoonoses: mad cow, bird flu, SARS, MERS, COVID-19
  4. 4. 4 Warning! Increasing frequency of pandemics Graphics: Annabel Slater, ILRI; adapted fromUnited Nations Environment Programme and International Livestock Research Institute (2020). Preventing the Next Pandemic: Zoonotic diseases and how to break the chain of transmission. Nairobi, Kenya.
  5. 5. 5 These trends have important drivers 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Land purchase by foreigners Inequality In-migration Irrigation Wildlife conservation Poverty increase Conflict Land use change Biodiversity Habitat loss Wildlife areas incursion Food price Urbanisation Deforestation Economic growth Social change Wildlife reservoirs Intensifying livestock Human population growth Trade in livestock & products Climate change
  6. 6. World Organisation for Animal Health · Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 6 External Factors Important For Vet Services 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 Member Country perspective 0 is no importance 5 is maximum importance Triple burden
  7. 7. AH impacts on trade 21st Conference of the OIE Regional commission for Africa, 16th-20th February, 2015, Rabat, Morocco D Grace et al.
  8. 8. Trade, climate change and animal health Zoonoses Ectopar Liver fluke FMD HS CBPP Diarrhoeal diseases RVF CSAD Anthrax Lepto Schisto Tryps TADs Flu Corona Flu Corona TB Rabies Leish Brucella Climate Sensitive Animal Disease – CCAFS/ILRI Top zoonoses – ILRI Transboundary animal diseases – EMPRES, FAO Triple burden
  9. 9. Initiatives related to AH, CC, trade • 2020 GBADs launched • 2020 OHRECA launched: zoonoses, FBD, AMR • 2020 AU SPS Policy Framework and Animal Health Strategy for Africa endorsed • 2021 AfCFTA - 55 member states – enacted • 2022 COHESA – 11 countries - launched • 2022 Animal Health Systems Facilitating Trade within the African Union launched
  10. 10. Acknowledgements and Further Reading

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