CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Programme: Achievements and prospects in a changing CGIAR

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Presentation by Bruno Gerard to the ILRI Board of Trustees, 12 April 2010

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CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Programme: Achievements and prospects in a changing CGIAR

  1. 1. CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Programme:Achievements and prospects in a changing CGIAR<br />Presentation by Bruno Gerard to the ILRI Board of Trustees, 12 April 2010 <br />
  2. 2. What is the Systemwide Livestock Programme (SLP)?<br /><ul><li> One of the 15 CGIAR Systemwide and Ecoregional programmes (SWEPs) to favor collective action between CGIAR centers
  3. 3. First SWEP created in 1992 (ASB)
  4. 4. SLP created in 1995</li></li></ul><li>
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Consortium of 12 CGIAR centers<br />
  7. 7. Systemwide Livestock Programme‘raison d'être’<br />Building and strengthening links between the crop-, agroforestry-, natural resource-, policy- and livestock-oriented CGIAR centres and programmes, their partners and other stakeholders, to develop integrated and coherent strategic and applied research on livestock feed development and related natural resource management and policies.<br />
  8. 8. Systemwide Livestock Programme<br /><ul><li>Decrease the number of crop–livestock farmers living below the poverty line
  9. 9. Improve fodder yield and nutritive quality of the world’s major food–feed crops
  10. 10. Improve and sustain the production of food–feed crops through better use of soil nutrients and water
  11. 11. Encourage research with benefits that can be transferred across regions
  12. 12. Identify policy and institutional measures that enable uptake of food–feed crops and related natural resource management innovations
  13. 13. Build partners’ capacity to scale out the results of research so as to achieve widespread impact</li></li></ul><li>SLP governance<br />ILRI’s Board of Trustees has overall responsibility for the SLP<br />Livestock Programme Group (LPG)<br /><ul><li> Serve as an advisory body and clearing house for research proposals
  14. 14. Determine the SLP’s priority research areas
  15. 15. Evaluate, approve and allocate available resources to SLP projects
  16. 16. Agree on which centres or other partners are best placed to lead in priority research thrusts, and allocate responsibility for convening consortia to support such lead institutions
  17. 17. Ensure the global coherence of SLP research investments and their efficient use
  18. 18. Promote awareness of the importance of crop–livestock systems research</li></li></ul><li>Livestock Programme Group (LPG)<br />Senior management representative from each centre<br />Clare Narrod (IFPRI)Steven Franzel (WAC/ICRAF)Dennis Friesen (CIMMYT)Said Silim (ICRISAT)Asamoah Larbi (ICARDA)Michael Peters (CIAT)Charles Crissman (CIP)John McDermott – Chair (ILRI)<br />Shirley Tarawali (ILRI)Deborah A. Bossio (IWMI)Paula Bramel (IITA)Jagadish Timsina (IRRI)Marie-Noelle Ndjiondjop (WARDA)<br />Bruno Gerard - Secretariat (SLP/ILRI) <br />
  19. 19. First set of research projects funded through the Programme was initiated in 1998, and since more than 60 SLP projects and seed grants were completed<br />Funding mechanisms<br />Seed grants:<br />Support researchers and their partners during the crucial initial planning and consultation phases needed to develop larger project proposals (USD 40-60,000) <br />Fully funded projects: (USD 160,000 – 1,2000,000, average size circa USD 300,000)<br />Donors: SDC, World Bank, IDRC, DANIDA, DfID, BMZ, IFAD <br />
  20. 20. <ul><li> In difficult environments several SPs have to be addressed by an integrated systems approach where crop-livestock interface with particular emphasis on livestock feed and related resource management and policy issues continue to be important.
  21. 21. SLP provides simple and flexible coordination where individual Centers lead and implement individual research projects with at least one other CGIAR Center partner. Thus, SLP serves as a platform for networking and coordination and as a platform for Centers to develop research projects that require expertise from a number of Centers.
  22. 22. SC supports SLP as a coordinating program of importance for the implementation of the SPs.</li></ul>From ‘An Assessment of Current Systemwide and Ecoregional Programs’ SC Secretariat, February 7, 2008<br />
  23. 23. SLP current research focusall the eggs in the same basket! <br />
  24. 24. Ranking by LPG of Proposed Research Topics for SLP 2008 Funding<br />
  25. 25. SLP Commissioned Studies Drivers of Change and Feed,Food, Fuels in crop livestocks Systems (2007-2009)<br />SLP Strategic Workshop, Addis-Ababa, April 2008<br />-> Priority setting by LPG for SLP call <br />Call for 4 regional case studies on CR in mixed systems in West, East, Southern Africa and South Asia (July 2008) <br />Concept notes were reviewed and short listed (October-November 2008) <br />Harmonization workshop (April 2009)<br />Inception of Regional Case Studies (January 2010) <br />End of projects + Global Synthesis (2012) <br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27. Research Questions<br />What determines the decisions about crop residue use (current crop management, agro-ecology, markets/institutions, resource endowments, dynamics,…)?<br />What is the impact of those decisions on livelihoods and system sustainability?<br />What are the technological, institutional and policy options that would enhance livelihood and environmental benefits?<br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. Research Approach<br />Combination of village and household surveys and ex-ante tradeoff modelling.<br />Households surveyed in the four regions using stratified sampling, based on intensification level and market access.<br />Village group survey to capture: <br />Drivers and market access;<br />Communal feed resources;<br />Systems evolution in term of feeding strategies and soil productivity.<br />Thematic household survey to capture:<br />Decision making for the allocation of crop residues;<br />Identification of soil fertility management practices and feeding strategies;<br />Retrospective questions to understand farm evolution/trajectories.Collection (primary and secondary data) of key bio-physical parameters (minimum data set) to address sustainability issues.<br />Contrast and trend analysis at household, village, system scales and identification of potential solutions (tradeoff analysis) under a range of scenarios.<br />
  30. 30. Knowledge sharing<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. Recent efforts to build collaboration <br /><ul><li>Wageningen University
  33. 33. University of Kassel
  34. 34. University of Hohenheim
  35. 35. FAO
  36. 36. CORAF/WECARD
  37. 37. SANREM CRSP</li></li></ul><li>Resource mobilization<br /><ul><li> Not focused on core funding for SLP at this time</li></ul>- Involvement in proposal development and idea notes: <br /><ul><li> ACIAR for Zimbabwe with CIMMYT and ICRISAT
  38. 38. CPWF for Volta Basin
  39. 39. Possible BMZ proposal for 2011 submission in WCA (land use change implications on sustainability and livelihoods, nutrient cycling)</li></li></ul><li>SLP in the new CGIAR Death or reincarnation? <br /><ul><li> SWEPs will not exist in the new CG
  40. 40. Focus on delivering for on-going projects over the next two years
  41. 41. Knowledge, achievements, past - current collective actions and good partnerships can be instrumental in contributing to drafting the CGIAR research agenda especially for MP1 and MP5 (strong link with PLE)</li>

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