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The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish and its synergies with the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health

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The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish and its synergies with the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health

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Presentation by Delia Grace and Tom Randolph at the the third annual conference on Agricultural Research for Development: Innovations and incentives, Uppsala, Sweden, 26-27 September 2012.

Presentation by Delia Grace and Tom Randolph at the the third annual conference on Agricultural Research for Development: Innovations and incentives, Uppsala, Sweden, 26-27 September 2012.

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The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish and its synergies with the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health

  1. 1. CRP Livestock & fish and its synergies with CRP Ag & Health Delia Grace1 & Tom Randolph2 1 Component Leader CRP 4, 2 Director CRP 3.7 Agricultural Research for Development Innovations & Incentives SLU, Uppsala, 27th September 2012
  2. 2. ILRI •a member of the CGIAR Consortium which conducts livestock, food and environmental research  to help alleviate poverty  and improve food security, health & nutrition,  While protecting the natural resource base. India Mali  700 full time staff:  100 scientists & researchers  54% from 22 developing countries China  more than 30 scientific Vietnam disciplines  2012 budget USD 60 million Laos  ILRI works with a range of Nigeria research & development partners Mozambique  across 7 CGIAR research Kenya programs Ethiopia Thailand
  3. 3. Goal More milk, meat and fish by and for the poor To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems to increase the availability and affordability of animal-source foods for poor consumers and, in doing so, reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along the whole value chains for animal-source foods.
  4. 4. Overview  Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centers  ILRI  WorldFish  CIAT  ICARDA  Officially started January 1st, 2012  Budget $100 million for 3 years  60% from bilateral funds
  5. 5. Big New Ideas  Whole value chain transformation  Multi-disciplinarity  Saying no  Leveraging development  New ways of thinking about animal source foods  Animal source foods for the poor  Small is big  Animals are good for the environment
  6. 6. A value chaingeneric livestock value chainflows, and A is the set of actors, transactions, information institutions that enable value to be delivered to the customer (Baker 2007) N Taylor 6
  7. 7. 1.Whole value chain transformation Needs: Multi-disciplinarity Traditional approach was piecemeal Past research has focused specific aspects of given value chains, commodities and country. Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country A Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country B Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country C Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country D
  8. 8. 1. Whole Value Chain Transformation Needs: Focus- just 9 Target Value Chains SHEEP & GOATS AQUACULTURE PIGS DAIRY
  9. 9. 1. Whole Value Chain Transformation Needs: development partners for impact at scale CRP3.7 Prepare intervention Performance Target: double production in X poor households Scaling out Development Partners $90m Knowledge Partners $10m CRP3.7 Strategic Research $10m Time 10 years
  10. 10. Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact CRP Livestock and Fish Master Plan R4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers Major intervention with development partners Value chain development team + research partners Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms • Technology Generation • Market Innovation • Targeting & Impact INTERVENTIONS TO GLOBAL RESEARCH SCALE OUT REGIONALLY PUBLIC GOODS
  11. 11. 2. New ways of thinking about animal source food  Animal-source foods are not appropriate targets for research-for-development because they are luxury foods and bad for our health.  Small-scale production and marketing systems are disappearing with the rapid development of large-scale industry, trade and retail.  Promoting livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts
  12. 12. Delivering CRP3.7 Livestock + Fish Structure: Six integrated Components 5 Targeting: Foresight, prioritization, environmental impacts Technology 4 Value chain development development: 1 Health Inputs & Production Processing Marketing Consumers 2 Genetics Services 3 Feeds Commodity X in Country Y 6 Cross-cutting: gender, impact, M&E, comms, capacity building
  13. 13. Research Activities  Mostly focused on delivering on pre-existing commitments  Engagement in Tanzania dairy and Uganda pig value chains initiated with new funding, including CRP4 food safety activities  New project phase in Egypt aquaculture; new dairy genetics work in Senegal  Promises of IFAD/EC funding to begin value chain work in Mali and Ethiopia  Exploring environment and nutrition agenda
  14. 14. Agriculture for Nutrition and Health 14
  15. 15. Agriculture for Nutrition & Health CGIAR Research Program 4 IFPRI ILRI BIOVERSITY CIAT CIMMYT CIP ICARDA ICRAF ICRISAT IITA IWMI WORLDFISH
  16. 16. CRP4 Conceptual Framework Health CRP4’s strategic goal: 1. Enhancing Nutrition along 4. Integrated 3. Prevention & Control of Ag- Accelerate progress the Value Chain in improving the nutrition and Programs and Policies Associated Diseases health of poor people by leveraging agriculture and Nutrition 2. Bio- enhancing the synergies in joint efforts between fortification Agriculture agriculture, health and nutrition Social Behavior Change and Communications All components Improved availability, Increased Increased Decreased Increased access, intake knowledge labor risk of AAD income and of nutritious, of nutrition, productivity gender equity safe foods food safety RESULT: Improved nutrition and health, especially among women and young children
  17. 17. •International organisations •Regional organisations •Private sector health provision •Public health •Veterinary public health •NGOs & CBOs Human •Conservation health •Environment Animal health A4NH Agro- Ecosystems International agricultural health research 17
  18. 18. Initial Research Priorities NUTRITIONAL VALUE CHAINS • Revise current value chain frameworks and assessments to better include nutritional quality (and food safety) • co-develop specific opportunities for enhancing nutritional quality for women, infants and young children in value chains for nutrient rich foods BIO-FORTIFICATION – HARVEST PLUS • continue bio-fortified crop development and evaluation • enhance delivery spillovers - new countries and commercial value chains AGRICULTURE-ASSOCIATED DISEASES • Food safety • Zoonoses and emerging infectious diseases INTEGRATED PROGRAMS AND POLICIES • continue to strengthen program evaluation, working with partners, including new cross-sectoral metrics and approaches • cross-sectoral priorities and policies with key partners in SSA and South Asia
  19. 19. Locations Programs Value chains AAD- Zoo & EID AAD- FS Kenya Vietnam, India, SE Asia Kenya, Uganda, Eth, Tanz, Mali Harvest plus Value chains Orange sweet potato: Ug. ANH Dietary Diversity Fe-beans: DRC, Rwanda India, Bangladesh Standards PVA maize: Zambia Uganda, Mozambique, WTP for safety & quality PVA cassava: DRC, Nigeria Zambia, India, China, Brazil Burkina Faso 20
  20. 20. CRP A4NH Value Chain Master Plan IMPACTS 1. Overall nutrition – (Mothers and Children; stunting) Value Chain 2. Decreased disease rates Actors INTERMEDIATE OUTCOMES 1. System Performance Input Suppliers 2. Performance of specific actors Farmers Commodity Nutrition Local Market value chain WHO? and Health Agents Private Sector R&D V-C R&D Actors Incentives and Institutional Regulators Arrangements Media Commodity CRPs Consumer Groups Systems & CRP 2 CRP A4NH Consumers
  21. 21. CRP A4NH Value Chain Master Plan ASSUMPTIONS / HYPOTHESES 1. Nutrient dense foods on basic diets can have important outcomes 2. Informal markets are most important and require risk- and incentive based approaches 3. CGIAR research can work effectively at the demand side: (pull mechanisms) 4. CGIAR research has potential for consumer education, health
  22. 22. Hidden hunger Food insecurity Poverty Disease THE IMPACTS Lost Threatened market Unsafe income access food CRP 4.3 THE CORE PROBLEM Lost opportunities for smallholders in animal-source-food CRP 3.7 markets THE Low Limited value High wastage & Health risks CAUSES productivity addition spoilage in food Limited Inappropriate Lack of Dysfunctional Inappropriate food- access to scale & market pricing & safety inputs technologies information markets management & regulations INPUTS & PRODUCTION PROCESSING MARKETING CONSUMPTION SERVICES WHOLE VALUE CHAIN
  23. 23. Health externalities of more meat milk and fish
  24. 24. More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor Agriculture for improved nutrition and health

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