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The transition towards a global bioeconomy: Opportunities and challenges for Africa

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Presented by Calestous Juma on 16 March 2011 at the Bio-Innovate launch.

Calestous is a Professor of the Practice of International Development and Director of the Science, Technology, and Globalization Project at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He also directs the Agricultural Innovation in Africa Project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

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The transition towards a global bioeconomy: Opportunities and challenges for Africa

  1. 1. THE TRANSITION TOWARD A GLOBAL BIOECONOMY Opportunities and Challenges for Africa Calestous Juma Bio-Innovate Launch, ILRI, Nairobi, 16 March 2011
  2. 4. THE NEW HARVEST Agricultural Innovation in Africa
  3. 5. Misplaced optimism <ul><li>“ The book’s sense of optimism appears to be driven less by the changes taking place in rural Africa than by the conversations taking place around Boston, Massachusetts, where the author is based.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Gouglas Gollin, Science , Vol. 332, March 11. </li></ul>
  4. 6. A biosciences future <ul><li>“ [T]he author suggests that with greater investments in human capacity, ‘[b]ioinformatics could do for Africa what computer software did for India.’ Perhaps this is true, as a statement of remote possibility. But given the current state of biological research in sub-Saharan Africa—and the distance by which the region lags behind China, India, and other countries—it seems farfetched.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Gouglas Gollin, Science , Vol. 332, March 11. </li></ul>
  5. 12. Infrastructure for mobility and connectivity
  6. 13. Technical education, engineering
  7. 14. Business incubation
  8. 15. Growth in knowledge
  9. 17. 2003 300,000,000 2007 1,000,000 2008 60,000 2012 1,000 2020 100
  10. 21. Mobile communication
  11. 26. Broadband
  12. 28. Eassy International submarine cable Malawi Seacom International submarine cable 88.68 48P 83.54 48P 71.12 48P 79.30 48P 104.16 48P 78.53 48P 109.65 48P 123.35 24P Zambia 91.65 48P 88.17 24P 74.56 48P 111.99 48P 110.96 24P 140.23km 48P 54.98 24P 23.92 24P 134.94 48P 99.44 48P 108.79 48P 66.72 48P 81.54km 48P 143.40 48P 116.33 24P 34.56 48P Rwanda Uganda 肯尼亚 肯尼亚 Kenya Burundi
  13. 29. 4 Ducts 3 Ducts 1 Duct Electrogaz
  14. 31. Genomics
  15. 36. Productivity *100 breadfruit trees/ha (20 t/ha fresh fruit) Crop Yields (t/ha) dry weight Breadfruit* 6.0 Corn 4.0 Rice 4.1 Wheat 2.6 Cassava 10.0
  16. 37. Protein content: flour <ul><ul><li>Range 1.8 - 7.6 % </li></ul></ul>Banana, cassava 2.8% Sweet potato 3.6% Rice 7.1 % Corn 8 - 11% Courtesy: AMP Jones, UBC Okanagan
  17. 47. Governing innovation
  18. 48. Executive leadership
  19. 49. Regional integration
  20. 50. Coordinated action
  21. 52. Expert advice
  22. 53. Science and technology diplomacy
  23. 54. Risk perception and management
  24. 56. [email_address] cjuma30@gmail.com belfercenter.org/global twitter.com/calestous facebook.com/calestous

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