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Brucellosis Prevention and control


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Poster prepared by Hiwot Desta, September 2018

Published in: Science
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Brucellosis Prevention and control

  1. 1. Brucellosis Prevention and control BRUCELLOSIS Brucellosis IS A DISEASE THAT affects cattle, sheep, goats, camels species and PEOPLE. The germ which causes brucellosis is called Brucella. Transmission to humans - Drinking raw (not boiled) or contaminated milk and milk products - Eating raw (uncooked) meat from infected animals - Direct contact- handling infected animals (aborted materials, cut wounds, placenta) - Inhaling the bacteria from infected environment (dust, dried dung) Infected humans can show: - Chills - Headaches - Night sweat - Loss of appetite - Weight loss - Joint, back and muscle pain - Inflammation of testicle Infected animal can show: - Acute fever - Late abortion with reddish vaginal discharge - Retention of fetal membrane - Permanent sterility - Anorexia In bulls: - Swollen scrotum with pain - Enlargement of lymph nodes around testicles Prevention and control - Vaccinate animals - Avoid direct contact with infected animals and aborted fetus - Use protective gloves during handling animals - Do not eat raw meat or drink raw milk and milk products - Wash and disinfect hands after working with animal and animal product Hiwot Desta ● Box 5689 Addis Ababa Ethiopia ● +251 116 17 22 23 Addis Ababa Ethiopia ● Transmission through contaminated environment Transmission through direct contact and inhalation Brucella shed through body fluids in soil, air, water and aborted fetuses Transmission through drinking and eating raw milk and meat BrucellaInfectedanimal Transmission to animal - Direct contact with infected birthing tissues and fluids (e.g. placenta, aborted fetuses, fetal fluids, vaginal discharges), mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth), or breaks in the skin - By ingestion (oral) - Transmit by contaminated objects (fomites) such as, equipment, clothing, shoes, hay, feed or water This poster is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (September 2018) ILRI thanks all donors and organizations which globally support its work through their contributions to the CGIAR Trust Fund