ARARI report on N2Africa Bridging Year Progress in Ethiopia (2013)

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Presented by Tesfaye Feyisa (ARARI), at the N2Africa Ethiopia Launch Workshop, Addis Ababa, 27-28 February 2014





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ARARI report on N2Africa Bridging Year Progress in Ethiopia (2013)

  1. 1. በሀዋሳ ዩኒቨርሰቲ የም ጋር በመተ HAWASSA UN DIRECTOR ARARI report on N2Africa Bridging Year Progress in Ethiopia (2013) Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa TesfayeFeyisa, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia, ARARI N2Africa Ethiopia Launch Workshop, ILRI 27-28 February 2014
  2. 2. Project Locations and Target Legumes Locations Target Legumes Yilmana Densa 3 PAs, 15 farmers (Baby) and 3 FTC (input & Variety trials Faba bean Enemay (Bichena) 3 PAs, 15 farmers (Baby)and 3 FTC (input and variety trials) Jamma 3 Pas, 15 farmers (Baby)and 3 FTC (input and Variety trial
  3. 3. Project Activities Faba bean demos, variety and input trials Chickpea demos, variety and input trials Site selection, Input and land preparation, inoculation and sowing Awareness creation for the famers and other stakeholders (field days and trainings), Trial management, data collection, analysis, interpretation and reporting
  4. 4. Project Activities - demos of Faba bean …
  5. 5. +R+ DAP, Tumsa -R- DAP, Wolki Baby trial two Faba bean varieties with and without P and Inoculant (Adet Hana) Project activities – contd…
  6. 6. +R+P, Tumsa -R- P, Tumsa Project activities – contd…
  7. 7. Project activities – contd…
  8. 8. 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 .-P-I +P+I .-P-I +P+I MeanGrainYield(t/ha) Treatments used in baby trials .-P-I +P+I 50% 46% Project activities- Result (baby)
  9. 9. Wolki 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 FababeanGrainYieldinPandIplots (t/ha) Faba bean Grain Yield in Control plots (t/ha) +P+I 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 FababeangrainyieldinPandIplots (t/ha) Faba bean Grain Yield in the control plots (t/ha) +P+I Tumsa Project activities- Result (baby)
  10. 10. Faba bean nodules Project activity - input and variety trials
  11. 11. Project activity- results 2.95 3 3.05 3.1 3.15 3.2 3.25 3.3 3.35 3.4 3.45 3.5 Dagim Hachalu Lalo Wayu Wolki Local MeanGrainYield(t/ha) Faba bean Varieties
  12. 12. Project activities- result (input trial) 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 MeanGrainYield(t/ha)inplotswithPandorI Mean Grain Yield (t/ha) in the Control plot .+P-I .-P+I .+P+I
  13. 13. Project activities- results (input trials) 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 .-P-I .+P-I .-P+I .+P+I MeanGrainYield(t/ha) Treatments used in the input trial 9.6%/7.8% 11.3%/9.5%
  14. 14. Field days and Media coverage
  15. 15. General discussion after visit Joined hands of differentstakeholdersare responsible to feed the Nation Back from field visit for group discussion
  16. 16. Challenges • Late budget release and training (esp the first instalment) • Severe faba bean disease (Chocolate spot and Kormid (new disease)) • Trial theft (for both chickpea and Faba bean) • Un predictable rainfall pattern (No harvest of chickpea at Jamma site) • Shortage of vehicle and lack of budget to maintain the old ones • Distance and accessibility of the locations from the Centres (the roads are really challenging and threat for the old vehicles) • Severe soil fertility reduction due to severe top soil loss by erosion • Late planning of the research activities after the research review at different levels (overload and competition for resources)
  17. 17. Chocolate spot and its disastrous effect
  18. 18. Lessons Learnt  Faba bean responded to P but not to the inoculants  Varieties responded differently to different farm management practices and soil fertility status  Most Faba bean varieties couldn’t over yielded the local variety with good management except Wayu  Farmers learnt the importance of input and management for legumes unlike their usual practice  Participation of the higher officials on field days help the promotion of the technologies  Some farms didn’t respond to both P and Inoculants 
  19. 19. The Way Forward  Timely training, planning and implementation of the activities  Solution for the Faba bean diseases  Introduction, Collection, and isolation of effective Rhizobial strains for Faba bean  The research activities should pass through the research review system at different levels to avoid unnecessary overload and for enrichment  The research activities should be done in areas (Woredas) which can easily be accessed  scaling up of the promising technologies to the farmers  Effect of other nutrients than P and N should be seen for the plots not responding to P and N  Experience sharing tour to motivate the researches and development workers

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