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Raising the visibility of livestock in African Policy Dialogue

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Presented by Joseph Karugia, Coordinator, ReSAKSS-ECA at the Expert Writeshop to Finalize the Issues Paper: Raising The Visibility of Livestock in the CAADP Biennial Review Report, 9 December 2020

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Raising the visibility of livestock in African Policy Dialogue

  1. 1. Better lives through livestock Raising the Visibility of Livestock in African Policy Dialogue Joseph Karugia Coordinator, ReSAKSS-ECA ILRI/ReSAKSS Presented during Expert Writeshop to Finalize the Issues Paper: Raising The Visibility of Livestock in the CAADP Biennial Review Report December 9, 2020
  2. 2. 2 Outline • Introduction • Livestock Indicators in the BR Reporting • Selecting Potential Livestock Indicators • Conclusions
  3. 3. 3 Introduction • BR is the mechanism for realizing Malabo Declaration commitment on Mutual Accountability • It is a powerful instrument for advocacy at the continental, regional and national levels • Immediate products of the BR process are the continental BR report and the African Agriculture Transformation Scorecard • BR process elevates attention to the broad set of developmental goals to which agriculture contributes • Mutual accountability is associated with agricultural transformation (Ulimwengu, et al 2020) and engagement in the CAADP process is associated with increased public agriculture spending (Benin, 2018)
  4. 4. 4 Introduction • Livestock sector has great potential to contribute to the achievement of the Malabo Declaration commitments and targets, SDGs and national goals • However, the sector receives much less attention and low prioritization in development and policy strategies at national level compared to the rest of agriculture • Livestock are critical to incomes, livelihoods, nutrition and food security, and resilience in much of Africa with more than 60% of rural population relying on livestock for livelihoods • With adequate visibility in the CAADP agenda including the BR process, the livestock sector stands to reap significant benefits and enhance the countries’ abilities to realize the full benefits of a thriving livestock sector
  5. 5. 5 Livestock Indicators in the BR Reporting • A range of livestock related parameters are captured in 5 out of the 7 thematic areas in the BR • Parameters are used in the computation of different indicators • However, no livestock specific indicator is reported • Livestock parameters in the BR reporting can be classified into three categories: • parameters are expressly included in the computation of specific indicators • parameters can potentially be isolated with relative ease • parameters can potentially be isolated but with relative difficulty
  6. 6. 6 Selecting Livestock Indicators • Room for a small number of livestock indicators that in the BR report • Consider indicators where livestock parameters are expressly included and propose a few strong candidates i. Government agriculture expenditure as % of total government expenditure ii. Government agriculture expenditure as % of agriculture value added iii. Double (100% increase) the current levels of quality agricultural inputs for crops (seed), livestock (breed), and fisheries (fingerlings), by the year 2025 from the year 2015 iv. Growth rate of the yield of commodity i (where i is a priority livestock commodity)
  7. 7. 7 Selecting Livestock Indicators v. Reduction rate of Post-Harvest Losses for (at least) the 5 national priority commodities, and possibly for the 11 AU agriculture priority commodities (where a livestock commodity is a priority) vi. Growth rate of the agriculture value added vii. Reduction rate of the gap between the wholesale price and farmgate price (where a livestock commodity is a priority) viii. Growth rate of the value of trade of agricultural commodities and services within Africa ix. Percentage of farm, pastoral, and fishery-based households that have improved their resilience capacity to climate and weather-related shocks
  8. 8. 8 A New Indicator • Livestock are critical to meet the Malabo Declaration of ending hunger and the related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG2) • Significant evidence (see https://whylivestockmatter.org/nutrition/) shows that access to animal-sourced foods (ASFs) is a powerful way to ensure that Africa’s poorest can improve their diet, either through the animals they raise or the income they receive from them • Growth rate of per capita consumption of animal-sourced foods (ASF) more appropriate but presents aggregation problems • Instead propose “Growth rate of per capita consumption of animal-sourced proteins” - simpler to compute
  9. 9. 9 Performance Theme Performance Category Indicator Performance Target Parameters/ Data Data sources Investment Finance in Agriculture Public Expenditures to Agriculture Government livestock expenditure (GLE) as % of government agriculture expenditure (GAE) Allocate at least 30% of agriculture expenditures to livestock i) GLE on livestock (as defined in AUC, BR Technical Guidelines) ii) Government agriculture expenditure (GAE) IMF Government Financial Statistics Manual; AU Guidance Note Investment Finance in Agriculture Public Expenditures to Agriculture Government livestock expenditure (GLE) as % of livestock value added (LVA) Ensure adequate intensity of livestock spending by keeping annual livestock expenditure as a % of livestock value added to not less than (or at a minimum of) 19% from 2015 to 2025 i) GLE (as defined in AUC, BR Technical Guidelines) ii) LVA (as defined in AUC, BR Technical Guidelines) IMF Government Financial Statistics Manual; AU Guidance Note; National Statistics Proposed Livestock Indicators
  10. 10. 10 Performance Theme Performance Category Indicator Performance Target Parameters/ Data Data sources Ending Hunger Food security and Nutrition Growth rate of per capita consumption of animal-sourced proteins For discussion Food Balance Sheet to obtain the supply of the animal- sourced foods available during a reference period. Relevant country/regional conversion tables to convert the available supplies of different ASFs to their protein equivalents Population actually partaking of the available supply Ministry of agriculture; FAO; National Statistics Proposed Livestock Indicators
  11. 11. 11 Performance Theme Performance Category Indicator Performance Target Parameters/ Data Data sources Agricultural GDP and Poverty Reduction Agricultural GDP and Poverty Reduction Growth rate of the livestock value added Sustain annual livestock GDP growth of at least 6% from 2015 to 2025 Livestock value added (as defined in AUC, BR Technical Guidelines) National Statistics; World Development Indicators (WDI) Intra-African Trade in agriculture commodities and services Intra-African Trade in agriculture commodities and services Growth rate of the value of trade of livestock commodities and services within Africa Triple intra-African trade in livestock commodities and services by 2025 from 2015 Total value of livestock goods and services traded (imports and exports) by African countries from African sources (as defined in AUC, BR Technical Guidelines National Statistics; UNCTAD; WTO; UNECA; RECs Proposed Livestock Indicators
  12. 12. 12 Implementation • First four indicators are already embedded in the current BR reporting and data are already being collected by AU member states • New indicator will be computed from national food balance sheets, converting them to protein equivalents using appropriate food conversion tables • AU-IBAR as lead and partners assemble teams to support member states to report • Team has membership in BR Task Force and Technical Working Groups • Importantly, AU-IBAR and partners are supporting members states to develop the evidence-base for better incorporation of livestock in NAIPs through the Livestock Master Plans process
  13. 13. 13 Conclusions • It is possible to raise the visibility of livestock in CAADP BR process by tweaking a few indicators to isolate and report on livestock sector performance • New indicator highlights livestock role in achievement of a key development goal – Ending Hunger • Strong advocacy by all partners needed • Team to finalize technical details of the new indicator and training requirements in readiness for the country training workshops expected to start in the New Year
  14. 14. THANK YOU
  15. 15. THANK YOU

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