Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema


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Presented by Kahsay Berhe at the Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.

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Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema

  1. 1. Banana Value Chain Development IPMS Experience in Metema Kahsay Berhe Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop ILRI, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Initial interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Follow up, observations and lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Actions taken </li></ul><ul><li>Current status </li></ul><ul><li>Outstanding challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why banana? <ul><li>Suitable agro-ecology </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate perennial rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality local cultivar </li></ul><ul><li>Willing farmers </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Good potential market because it can effectively compete with the high priced banana coming from Arba Minch </li></ul>… and the most important reason was
  5. 5. Introduction of banana <ul><li>Introduced the desired cultivar (Dwarf Cavendish) to a willing farmer and OoA nursery </li></ul><ul><li>Organized field days to raise awareness which created demand </li></ul>
  6. 6. Introduction of banana…… <ul><li>Farmers contributed money to purchase suckers </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated the purchase and transport of suckers along with OoA </li></ul>
  7. 7. From introduction to expansion <ul><li>Training of DAs (ToT) banana production  by a senior regional BoA staff </li></ul><ul><li>Women and youth groups organized to establish banana plantation </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer field days/festivals </li></ul><ul><li>Audio visual “ irrigated banana development in Metema ” used to spread knowledge to farmers in other PAs </li></ul><ul><li>Annual irrigation day </li></ul><ul><li>Suitability map prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling environment </li></ul><ul><li>Created market contacts with traders in Gondar and Bahir Dar </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer to farmer sucker supply </li></ul>
  8. 8. Farmer to farmer sucker supply
  9. 9. Continuous follow-up, observing, learning … <ul><li>Farmers purchased many water pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer to farmer sucker supply system well established– no need for external inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for suckers from neighboring Woredas increased </li></ul><ul><li>Banana is currently grown in many neighbouring woredas and more than 75% of the PAs in Metema </li></ul><ul><li>Ready markets for banana from seasonal laborers </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers started integrating livestock with banana </li></ul>
  10. 11. Continuous follow-up, observing, learning … <ul><li>Difficulty in transporting banana during rainy season </li></ul><ul><li>Ripening of banana became critical to marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Gondar market required volumes higher than can be produced by individual farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Some diseases appeared </li></ul><ul><li>Some groups failed due to poor management </li></ul><ul><li>Some water pumps failed </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivation around river banks caused erosion </li></ul>
  11. 12. Banana cultivation around river banks
  12. 14. Actions taken <ul><li>Trained farmers in pump repair by OoA water pump expert </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated linkages between banana producers and private pump repair services </li></ul><ul><li>Regular field visits made by experts </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated linkages between farmers and agrochemical dealers </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated ripening training on “ Chella ” house techniques </li></ul>
  13. 15. Underground ripening
  14. 16. Aboveground ripening
  15. 17. Commercial “ Chella ” house ripening
  16. 18. Actions taken… <ul><li>Formed marketing groups for collection, transport, and sale </li></ul><ul><li>Made linkages with EHDA and Bioversity International for future technical support and marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated sale of suckers to neighboring Woredas </li></ul><ul><li>Conducted scaling up/out training to administrators and OoA experts at zonal level </li></ul><ul><li>Made advisory visits to neighboring Woredas </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated river bank stabilization using various fodder species </li></ul>
  17. 21. Current status <ul><li>Linkages with private pump repair services and agrochemical shops well established and functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption of river bank stabilization additional source of feed for livestock fattening and apiculture development in some areas </li></ul><ul><li>“ Chella” house in Gondar opened by one trader but closed because of lack of continuous supply and volume </li></ul><ul><li>Banana farmers near small towns and seasonal labor markets are well established – some women opened retail shops </li></ul><ul><li>Few farmers with poor road access to markets abandoned banana production </li></ul>
  18. 22. Outstanding challenges <ul><li>Penetration of Gondar markets and beyond requires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong collective action to increase volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement of road infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in the existing marketing arrangements needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible water shortage because of increased banana production </li></ul><ul><li>Panama disease – a potential threat </li></ul>
  19. 23. Opportunities <ul><li>The regional government has given more attention to irrigation and horticultural development in Metema which is expected to help solve bottlenecks in banana production </li></ul><ul><li>Banana introduction was instrumental in the broader horticulture development in Metema </li></ul><ul><li>Further exploration of synergy between irrigated banana and fattening </li></ul><ul><li>Export potential </li></ul>
  20. 24. Summary <ul><li>Resource based </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory and demand driven </li></ul><ul><li>Market orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Business principles </li></ul><ul><li>Value chain considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies alone are not enough to bring about development but value chain approaches </li></ul>
  21. 25. Thank you