DSpace: State of the art

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Presented by Sven De Labey at Dspace Ethiopia Interest Group Meeting and Training, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 28 October – 1 November 2013.

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DSpace: State of the art

  1. 1. DSpace User Group - Addis Ababa - Ethiopia DSpace State of the art www.atmire.com
  2. 2. OVERVIEW 1. What DSpace is and is not 2. Where do we come from? 3. Where are we going?
  3. 3. QUICK INTRODUCTION MEET THE STAKEHOLDERS Institution Researcher Admin staff Other institutions End User
  4. 4. 1. RESEARCHER: LOOKING FOR VISIBILITY ON HIS/ HER RESEARCH I want other people to discover my research, but my own website is not really Institution driving traffic... Researcher Admin staff Other institutions End User
  5. 5. 2. INSTITUTIONS: LOOKING FOR AN EASY MEANS TO PUBLISH SCIENTIFIC OUTPUT We want to showcase our scientific output... Institution Researcher Admin staff ...and we need a structured approach to report our research statistics to our sponsors End User Other institutions
  6. 6. 3. ADMIN STAFF: LOOKING FOR CONFIGURABILITY AND EASY-OF-USE Ok, but with all these frequent staff and department changes, I really want something Institution that is easy to maintain... Researcher Admin staff Other institutions End User
  7. 7. 4. END USERS: EXPECTING THE SAME USABILITY OF OTHER CONTEMPORARY WEBSITES Institution Researcher Admin staff Without a user-friendly solution for searching/ browsing information, I’m not really encouraged to discover all that research... End User Other institutions
  8. 8. 5. OTHER INSTITUTIONS: LOOKING FOR OPPORTUNITIES TO WORK TOGETHER Institution our research is quite related to theirs... Some of Researcher it might be interesting to “harvest” their Admin output in our own repository scientificstaff Other institutions End User
  9. 9. DSPACE: AN OPEN-SOURCE REPOSITORY SOLUTION, DESIGNED FOR SUCH USE CASES Institution Researcher Admin staff DSpace End User Other institutions
  10. 10. HOW DOES DSPACE DO THAT? Let’s go through some examples of live repositories and see how DSpace caters for these needs...
  11. 11. 1. CONTENT DISSEMINATION EXAMPLE: UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN Descriptive metadata on Item Pages (also indexed by search engines) DSpace allows institutions to easily disseminate their scientific output
  12. 12. 2. PUBLISHING WORKFLOW EXAMPLE: DEFAULT DSPACE User-friendly submission interface for helping submitters to add new content Assistance for Administrators to review and validate these items
  13. 13. 3. HIERARCHICAL CONTENT MODEL EXAMPLE: WORLD BANK
  14. 14. 4. CONTENT DISCOVERY EXAMPLE: SAM (PARIS TECH UNIVERSITY) browse results, or gradually refine your search by adding “filters”
  15. 15. 5. AUTOMATED COLLECTION OF STATISTICS EXAMPLE: DEFAULT DSPACE How many times did people visit this item? How “productive” is my current Validation Workflow? What are our visitors looking for?
  16. 16. 6. CONFIGURABLE AND OPEN SOURCE EXAMPLE: UNIVERSITY OF LILLE Custom user interface, based on standard Mirage theme
  17. 17. 7. INTEROPERABILITY Apache Tomcat Apache HTTP Server
  18. 18. WHAT DSPACE IS NOT (YET?) • DSpace does not have a hierarchical item model • • The DSpace object model is inherently flat. DSpace does not have a CRIS-like object model • • • Items are objects with their own metadata Authors and Departments are not! Dspace does not have a standardized API that opens the full functionality of DSpace to external applications • Current integration focus is on OAI and SWORD • REST API is candidate to become the first true “API” of DSpace (...but which one will make it?)
  19. 19. WHAT IT IS NOT NO HIERARCHICAL ITEMS - (SIMPLICITY!) 0..* 0..1 Community 1 0..* Collection 0..* 0..1 0..* Bundle 1 1..* 1 0..* Item 1 1..* Bitstream Bitstream Format 0..*
  20. 20. WHAT DSPACE IS NOT (YET?) • DSpace does not have a hierarchical item model • • The DSpace object model is inherently flat. DSpace does not have a CRIS-like object model • • • Items are objects with their own metadata Authors and Departments are not! Dspace does not have a standardized API that opens the full functionality of DSpace to external applications • Current integration focus is on OAI and SWORD • REST API is candidate to become the first true “API” of DSpace (...but which one will make it?)
  21. 21. WHAT IT IS NOT “FLAT” METADATA SCHEMA 0..* 0..1 Community 1 0..* Collection 0..* 0..1 Not stored as an object, but as metadata with the Item 0..* Bundle 1 1..* Item 0..* Author 1 Affiliation 1..* Bitstream 1 0..* Bitstream Format Project
  22. 22. WHAT DSPACE IS NOT (YET?) • DSpace does not have a hierarchical item model • • The DSpace object model is inherently flat. DSpace does not have a CRIS-like object model • • • Items are objects with their own metadata Authors and Departments are not! Dspace does not have a standardized API that opens the full functionality of DSpace to external applications • Current integration focus is on OAI and SWORD • REST API is candidate to become the first true “API” of DSpace (...but which one will make it?)
  23. 23. WHAT IT IS NOT STRONG FOCUS ON DEPOSIT/ HARVESTING External system doing a submission repository deposit Sword DSpace OAI repository harvesting External system doing a harvest
  24. 24. WHAT IT IS NOT ...BUT NOT YET A STANDARDIZED “API” External system doing a submission repository deposit External system querying DSpace External system retrieving Item metadata External system retrieving Item bitstream Sword ??? DSpace OAI repository harvesting See further: REST API? External system doing a harvest
  25. 25. DSPACE IS SOFTWARE “IN EVOLUTION” 1. What DSpace is and is not 2. Where do we come from? 3. Where are we going?
  26. 26. 2010-2011: DSPACE 1.7 IMPROVEMENTS TO THE BASE THEME DSpace 1.7 1.8 3.x XMLUI theme, but still rather difficult to customize Basic search & Browse 20/10/2010
  27. 27. 2010-2011: DSPACE 1.7 IMPROVEMENTS TO THE BASE THEME DSpace 1.7 1.8 Source: https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/DSDOC17/History 3.x
  28. 28. 2011-2012: DSPACE 1.8 FINAL RELEASE OF “FACETED SEARCH” DSpace 1.7 1.8 3.x Much better search & browse experience for end users
  29. 29. 2011-2012: DSPACE 1.8 CONFIGURABLE WORKFLOWS DSpace 1.7 1.8 3.x Ability to configure the order in which workflow steps are executed
  30. 30. 2011-2012: DSPACE 1.8 BETTER TECHNIQUES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE DSpace 1.7 1.8 3.x
  31. 31. 2012-2013: DSPACE 3.X SNIPPETS, HIGHLIGHTING, RELATED ITEMS DSpace 1.7 1.8 3.x
  32. 32. 2012-2013: DSPACE 3.X BETA FEATURE: ITEM VERSIONING DSpace 1.7 1.8 3.x Basic support for Item Versioning (BETA)
  33. 33. OVERVIEW 1. What DSpace is and is not 2. Where do we come from? 3. Where are we going?
  34. 34. OVERVIEW 1. Trend towards “Social/ Sharing” 2. Further Systems Integration (REST) 3. Advanced Authority (ORCID)
  35. 35. 1. SHARING & SOCIAL MEDIA RECENT QUESTIONS FROM OUR CLIENTS “How can we help end users to share their favorite items on Facebook?” “Is there a way to send automated updates to Facebook when we submit a new item to DSpace?” “Users should have their private “item basket” in DSpace, in which they keep their favorite items” “We have a lot of visual content. Can our visitors somehow share these images on their Pinterest site? This would drive traffic to our repository” “Can we extend the Item pages in DSpace to allow visitors to rate an item and provide user comments?”
  36. 36. 1. SHARING & SOCIAL MEDIA - CASE STUDY FROM A REPOSITORY TARGETING EXPERT USERS...
  37. 37. 1. SHARING & SOCIAL MEDIA - CASE STUDY ...TO A SOCIAL PLATFORM FOR NON-EXPERTS
  38. 38. 1. SHARING & SOCIAL MEDIA - CASE STUDY ...TO A SOCIAL PLATFORM FOR NON-EXPERTS
  39. 39. 1. SHARING & SOCIAL MEDIA - CASE STUDY ...TO A SOCIAL PLATFORM FOR NON-EXPERTS Virtual expositions allow users to discover the content of the repository
  40. 40. OVERVIEW 1. Trend towards “Social/ Sharing” 2. Further Systems Integration (REST) 3. Advanced Authority (ORCID)
  41. 41. 2. THE REST API FURTHER SYSTEMS INTEGRATION External system doing a submission repository deposit External system querying DSpace External system retrieving Item metadata External system retrieving Item bitstream However...many many many discussions ongoing... Sword REST API DSpace OAI repository harvesting External system doing a harvest
  42. 42. OVERVIEW 1. Trend towards “Social/ Sharing” 2. Further Systems Integration (REST) 3. Advanced Authority (ORCID)
  43. 43. RESEARCHERS ARE MOBILE PEOPLE... • When I move to another institution, I will typically receive a new staff ID • Often, this staff ID will be used as an “authority”, linked to the papers I submit in that institution’s repository • ...but my other papers at my previous institution will still contain my other staff ID.... • How do I ensure that both sets are linked to me?
  44. 44. ...AND THEY OFTEN WORK TOGETHER ACROSS UNIVERSITIES • I recently wrote a paper together with a colleague from another university • We are now archiving this paper in our respective repositories • Since I don’t have a staff ID at the other institution, how can my colleague still include my name with authority control? • See also: duplicate detection in the context of nation-wide harvesting (Belgium, France, ...)
  45. 45. SOLUTION PROPOSED BY ORCID
  46. 46. SO TO CONCLUDE.... WE HAVE LOTS OF IDEAS FOR DISCUSSION :) • Is DSpace evolving too slow? Too fast? • How do you want to see DSpace evolve? • More social? (Facebook, Twitter, User profiles?) • • More expert-minded? (Endnote, Zotero, Orcid, ...) • More CRIS-like? (Organisation Units, Research Projects and Researchers as first class objects with their own metadata?) More mobile? (More development effort on tablet and smartphone version?) • Do you think the REST API is a core feature for the next release of DSpace? Should it be integrated in the core, or released as add-on module? IT WOULD BE GREAT TO DISCUSS SOME OF THESE ELEMENTS WITH YOU TODAY!!

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